What constitutes a state? . . . . . . . Men who their duties know, But know their rights, and knowing, dare maintain. . . . . . . . And sovereign law, that states collected will, Oer thrones and globes elate, Sits empress, crowning good, repressing ill.2
Seven hours to law, to soothing slumber seven, Ten to the world allot, and all to heaven.3
Note 1. T was he that ranged the words at random flung, Pierced the fair pearls and them together strung. Eastwick: Anvari Suhaili. (Translated from Firdousi.) [back]
Note 2. Neither walls, theatres, porches, nor senseless equipage, make states, but men who are able to rely upon themselves.Aristides: Orations (Jebbs edition), vol. i. (trans. by A. W. Austin).
By Themistocles alone, or with very few others, does this saying appear to be approved, which, though Alcæus formerly had produced, many afterwards claimed: Not stones, nor wood, nor the art of artisans, make a state; but where men are who know how to take care of themselves, these are cities and walls.Ibid. vol. ii. [back]