Note 1. Count Münster, Hanoverian envoy at St. Petersburg, discovered that Russian civilization is merely artificial, and first published to Europe the short description of the Russian Constitution,that it is absolutism tempered by assassination. [back]
Note 2. A Greek proverb. A Cadmean victory was one in which the victors suffered as much as their enemies.
[greek]Herodotus: i. 166.
Where two discourse, if the ones anger rise, The man who lets the contest fall is wise. Euripides: Fragment 656. Protesilaus. [back]
Note 3. On the authority of Madame de Hausset (Mémoires, p. 19), this phrase is ascribed to Madame de Pompadour. Larouse (Fleurs Historiques) attributes it to Louis XV. [back]
Note 4. It was from the imperial camp near Pavia that Francis I., before leaving for Pizzighettone, wrote to his mother the memorable letter which, thanks to tradition, has become altered to the form of this sublime laconism: Madame, tout est perdu fors lhonneur.
The true expression is, Madame, pour vous faire savoir comme se porte le reste de mon infortune, de toutes choses ne mest demeuré que lhonneur et la vie qui est sauvé.Martin: Histoire de France, tome viii.
The correction of this expression was first made by Sismondi, vol. xvi. pp. 241, 242. The letter itself is printed entire in Dulaures Histoire de Paris: Pour vous avertir comment se porte le ressort de mon infortune, de toutes choses ne mest demeuré que lhonneur et la vie,qui est sauvé. [back]
Note 5. Inserit se tantis viris mulier alienigeni sanguinis: quæ a Philippo rege temulento immerenter damnata, Provocarem ad Philippum, inquit, sed sobrium.Valerius Maximus: Lib. vi. c. 2. [back]
Note 6. Since it [architecture] is music in space, as it were a frozen music . If architecture in general is frozen music.Schelling: Philosophie der Kunst, pp. 576, 593.
La vue dun tel monument est comme une musique continuelle et fixée.Madame de Staël: Corinne, livre iv. chap. 3. [back]
Note 7. Fournier asserts, on the written authority of Talleyrands brother, that the only breviary used by the ex-bishop was LImprovisateur Français, a compilation of anecdotes and bon-mots, in twenty-one duodecimo volumes. Whenever a good thing was wandering about in search of a parent, he adopted it; amongst others, Cest le commencement de la fin.
Note 14. The reply of Marshal MacMahon, in the trenches before the Malakoff, in the siege of Sebastopol, September, 1855, to the commander-in-chief, who had sent him word to beware of an explosion which might follow the retreat of the Russians. [back]
Note 15. Dulaure (History of Paris, 1863, p. 387) asserts that Louis XIV. interrupted a judge who used the expression, The king and the state, by saying, I am the state. [back]
Note 16. Said by General Pierre Bosquet of the charge of the Light Brigade at the battle of Balaklava. [back]
This may be traced to a response of the Delphic oracle given to Polycrates, as the best means of finding a treasure buried by Xerxes general, Mardonius, on the field of Platæa. The oracle replied, [greek], Turn every stone.Leutsch and Schneidewin: Corpus Paræmiographorum Græcorum, vol. i. p. 146. [back]
Note 18. This phrase, Laissez faire, laissez passer! is attributed to Gournay, Minister of Commerce at Paris, 1751; also to Quesnay, the writer on political economy. It is quoted by Adam Smith in the Wealth of Nations. [back]
Note 19. Inscription over the door of the Library at Thebes.Diodorus Siculus: i. 49, 3. [back]
Note 20. According to the Contemporary Review, February, 1854, this phrase formed the opening of an address composed in the name of Comte dArtois by Count Beugnot, and published in the Moniteur, April 12, 1814. [back]
Note 21. General Sebastiani announced the fall of Warsaw in the Chamber of Deputies, Sept. 16, 1831: Des lettres que je reçois de Pologne mannoncent que la tranquillité règne à Varsovie.Dumas: Mémoires, Second Series, vol. iv. chap. iii. [back]
Æschines (Adv. Ctesiphon, c. 53) ascribes to Demosthenes the expression [greek], The sinews of affairs are cut. Diogenes Laertius, in his Life of Bion (lib. iv. c. 7, sect. 3), represents that philosopher as saying, [greek],Riches were the sinews of business, or, as the phrase may mean, of the state. Referring perhaps to this maxim of Bion, Plutarch says in his Life of Cleomenes (c. 27), He who first called money the sinews of the state seems to have said this with special reference to war. Accordingly we find money called expressly [greek], the sinews of war, in Libanius, Orat. xlvi. (vol. ii. p. 477, ed. Reiske), and by the scholiast on Pindar, Olymp. i. 4 (compare Photius, Lex. s. v. [greek]). So Cicero, Philipp. v. 2, nervos belli, infinitam pecuniam. [back]
Note 25. A placard of Aldus on the door of his printing-office.Dibdin: Introduction, vol. i. p. 436. [back]
Note 26. This saying occurs in Louis Napoleons speech to the Chamber of Commerce in Bordeaux, Oct. 9, 1852. [back]
Note 27. Words engraved upon the monument erected to Cambronne at Nantes.
This phrase, attributed to Cambronne, who was made prisoner at Waterloo, was vehemently denied by him. It was invented by Rougemont, a prolific author of mots, two days after the battle, in the Indépendant.Fournier: LEsprit dans lHistoire. [back]
Note 28. A motto adopted by Thiers for the Nationale, July 1, 1803. In the beginning of the seventeenth century Jan Zamoyski in the Polish parliament said, The king reigns, but does not govern. [back]
Note 29. Buffon: Diacours de Reception (Recueil de lAcadémie, 1753).
Note 30. Proclus: Commentary on Euclids Elements, book ii. chap. iv. [back]
Note 31. Attributed to Mademoiselle Bertin, milliner to Marie Antoinette.
There is nothing new except that which has become antiquated,motto of the Revue Rétrospective. [back]
Note 32. This saving is attributed to Talleyrand. In a letter of the Chevalier de Panat to Mallet du Pan, January, 1796, it occurs almost literally,No one is right; no one could forget anything, nor learn anything. [back]
Note 33. Words uttered by Comte de Salvandy (17961856) at a fete given by the Duke of Orleans to the King of Naples, 1830. [back]
Note 34. Attributed to Luther, but more probably a saying of J. H. Voss (17511826), according to Redlich, Die poetischen Beiträge zum Waudsbecker Bothen, Hamburg, 1871, p. 67.King: Classical and Foreign Quotations (1887). [back]