Reference > Roget’s > International Thesaurus > 641. Redundance.
Mawson, C.O.S., ed. (1870–1938). Roget’s International Thesaurus. 1922.
Class V. Words Releasing to the Voluntary Powers
Division (I) Individual Volition
Section II. Prospective Volition
2. Subservience to Ends
1. Actual Subservience
641. Redundance.
NOUN:REDUNDANCE; too much, too many; superabundance, superfluity, superfluence [obs.], supersaturation; nimiety [rare], transcendency, exuberance, profuseness; profusion (plenty) [See Sufficiency]; repletion, enough in all conscience, satis superque [L.], lion’s share; more than enough [See Sufficiency]; plethora, engorgement, congestion, load, surfeit, sickener; turgescence (expansion) [See Expansion]; overdose, overmeasure, oversupply, overflow; inundation (water) [See River]; avalanche, deluge.
  pleonasm (diffuseness) [See Diffuseness]; too many irons in the fire; embarras de richesses [F.]; embarrassment of riches; money to burn [colloq.].
  ACCUMULATION (store) [See Store]; heap [See Assemblage]; drug, - in the market; glut; crowd; burden.
  EXCESS, surplus, overplus; epact; margin; remainder [See Remainder]; duplicate; surplusage, expletive; work of supererogation; bonus, bonanza [U. S.].
  LUXURY; extravagance (prodigality) [See Prodigality]; exorbitance, lavishment; intemperance [See Intemperance].
VERB:SUPERABOUND, overabound; know no bounds, swarm; meet one at every turn; creep with, bristle with; overflow; run -, flow -, well -, brim- over; run riot; overrun, overstock, overlay, overcharge, overdose, overfeed, overburden, overload, overdo, overwhelm, overshoot the mark (go beyond) [See Overrun]; surcharge, supersaturate, gorge, glut, load, drench, whelm, inundate, deluge, flood; drug, - the market; hepatize.
  send -, carry- -coals to Newcastle, - owls to Athens; teach one’s grandmother to suck eggs [colloq.]; pisces natare docere [L.]; kill the slain, butter one’s bread on both sides, put butter upon bacon; employ a steam engine to crack a nut (waste) [See Waste].
  wallow in; roll in (plenty) [See Sufficiency]; remain on one’s hands, hang heavy on hand, go a-begging or go begging; exaggerate [See Exaggeration].
  CLOY, choke, accloy [archaic], suffocate; pile up, lay on thick; lay it on, - with a trowel; impregnate with; lavish (squander) [See Prodigality].
ADJECTIVE:REDUNDANT; too much, too many; exuberant, inordinate, superabundant, excess, overmuch, replete, profuse, lavish; prodigal [See Prodigality]; exorbitant; overweening; extravagant; overcharged &c. v.; supersaturated, drenched, overflowing; running -over, - to waste, - down.
  CRAMMED -, filled- to overflowing; gorged, stuffed, smothered, ready to burst; dropsical, turgid, plethoric; full-blooded, hæmatose or hematose; obese [See Expansion].
  SUPERFLUOUS, unnecessary, needless, supervacaneous [obs.], uncalled for, to spare, in excess; over and above (remainder) [See Remainder]; de trop [F.]; adscitit ous (additional) [See Addition]; supernumerary (reserve) [See Store]; on one’s hands, spare, duplicate, supererogatory, expletory, expletive; un peu fort [F.].
ADVERB:OVER AND ABOVE; over much, too much; too far; over, too; without -, beyond -, out of- measure; with … to spare; over head and ears; over one’s head; up to one’s -eyes, - ears; extra; beyond the mark (overrun) [See Overrun]; acervatim [L.].
  1. It never rains but it pours.
  2. Fortuna multis dat nimium nulli satis.
  3. To gild refined gold, to paint the lily, to throw a perfume on the violet.—Shakespeare



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