Mawson, C.O.S., ed. (18701938). Rogets International Thesaurus. 1922.
Class V. Words Releasing to the Voluntary Powers
Division (I) Individual Volition
Section IV. Antagonism
2. Active Antagonism
PREVENTION, preclusion, obstruction, stoppage; embolus, clot, embolism; interruption, interception, interclusion [obs.], hindrance, impedition [obs.]; retardment, retardation; embarrassment, oppilation [obs.], striction, constriction, coarctation, stricture, restriction; infarct, infarction; restraint [See Restraint]; inhibition [See Prohibition]; blockade (closure) [See Closure].
INTERFERENCE, interposition; obtrusion; discouragement, discountenance; disapproval, disapprobation, opposition.
IMPEDIMENT, let [archaic], obstacle, obstruction, knot, knag; check, hitch, contretemps [F.], screw loose, grit in the oil; stumbling-block, stumbling-stone; lion in the path; snag; snags and sawyers [U. S.], sawyer [U. S.], planter [local, U. S.]
BAR, stile, barrier; turnstile, turnpike; gate, portcullis; beaver dam; barricade (defense) [See Defense]; wall, dead wall, breakwater, groin or groyne; bulkhead, block, buffer; stopper [See Stopper]; boom, dam, weir.
CHECK; encumbrance or incumbrance; clog, skid, shoe, spoke, brake; drag anchor, drag sail, drag sheet, drift sail, sea anchor, floating anchor; anchor; mushroom -, sheet -, kedge- anchor; kedge, bower; checkrein, bearing rein; bit, snaffle, curb, curb bit; drag, - chain, - weight; load, burden, fardel [obs.], onus, millstone round ones neck, impedimenta; dead weight; lumber, pack; nightmare, ephialtes, incubus, old man of the sea; remora [surg.]; stay, stop; preventive, prophylactic.
DRAWBACK, objection; difficulty [See Difficulty]; insuperable &c. (471) obstacle; trail of a red herring; estoppel [law]; ill wind; head wind (opposition) [See Opposition]; trammel, tether (means of restraint) [See Prison]; holdback, counterpoise.
DAMPER, wet blanket, hinderer, marplot, kill-joy, crape-hanger [slang], dog in the manger, Buttinsky [humorous, U. S.]; usurper, interloper; opponent [See Opponent]; filibusterer [U. S.].
HINDER, impede, filibuster [U. S.], impedite [obs.], embarrass.
AVERT, keep off, stave off, ward off; obviate; antevert [obs.]; turn aside, draw off, prevent, forfend or forefend [archaic], nip in the bud; retard, slacken, check, let [archaic]; counteract, countercheck; preclude, debar, foreclose, estop [law]; inhibit [See Prohibition]; shackle (restrain) [See Restraint]; restrict.
OBSTRUCT, stop, stay, bar, bolt, lock; block, - up; choke off; belay, barricade; block -, stop- the way; forlay or forelay [obs.], dam up (close) [See Closure]; put on the brake &c. n.; scotch -, lock -, put a spoke in- the wheel; put a stop to [See Cessation]; traverse, contravene; interrupt, intercept; oppose [See Opposition]; hedge -in, - round; cut off; interclude [obs.].
INTERFERE, interpose, intermeddle [See Activity].
ENCUMBER or incumber; cramp, hamper; clog, - the wheels; cumber; handicap; choke; saddle with, load with; overload, overlay, overwhelm; lumber, trammel, tie ones hands, put to inconvenience; incommode, discommode; discompose; hustle [colloq.], corner, drive into a corner.
RUN FOUL OF, fall foul of; cross the path of, break in upon.
THWART, frustrate, disconcert, balk, foil; faze, feeze or feaze [U. S.]; baffle, snub, override, circumvent; defeat [See Success]; spike guns (render useless) [See Inutility]; spoil, mar, clip the wings of; cripple (injure) [See Deterioration]; put an extinguisher on; damp; dishearten (dissuade) [See Dissuasion]; discountenance, throw cold water on, spoil sport; lay -, throw- a wet blanket on; steal ones thunder; cut the ground from under one, take the wind out of ones sails, undermine; be -, stand- in the way of; act as a drag; hang like a millstone round ones neck.
HINDERING &c. v.; obstructive, obstruent; intrusive, meddlesome; impeditive, impedient; intercipient [obs.]; prophylactic (remedial) [See Remedy]; impedimentary, impedimental.
in the way of, unfavorable; onerous, burdensome; cumbrous, cumbersome; obtrusive.
HINDERED &c. v.; windbound, water-logged, heavy laden; hard pressed.
UNASSISTED &c. (see assist [See Aid]); single-handed, alone; deserted [See Relinquishment]; unseconded.
IN THE WAY, with everything against one, with ones wheels clogged, through all obstacles; with many difficulties, under many difficulties.
He that wrestles with us strengthens our nerves and sharpens our skill. Our antagonist is our helper.Burke