Reference > Roget’s > International Thesaurus > 979. Mythic and pagan deities.
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Mawson, C.O.S., ed. (1870–1938). Roget’s International Thesaurus. 1922.
 
Class VI. Words Relating to the Sentient and Moral Powers
Section V. Religious Affections
1. Superhuman Beings and Regions
 
979. Mythic and pagan deities.
 
  
NOUN:GOD, goddess; deus [L.], dea [L.]; deva (fem. devi) [“the shining ones,” Skr.]; heathen gods and goddesses; pantheon; theogony.
  [GREEK AND LATIN] Zeus, Jupiter or Jove (King); Apollon, Apollo (the sun); Ares, Mars (war); Hermes, Mercury (messenger); Poseidon, Neptune (ocean); Hephaistos, Vulcan (smith); Dionysus, Bacchus (wine); Pluton or Hades [Gr.], Pluto or Dis [L.] (King of the lower world); Kronos, Saturn (time); Eros, Cupid (love); Pan, Faunus (flocks, herds, forests, and wild life).
  Hera, Juno (Queen); Demeter, Ceres (fruitfulness); Persephone, Proserpina or Proserpine (Queen of the lower world); Artemis, Diana (the moon and hunting); Athena, Minerva (wisdom); Aphrodite, Venus (love and beauty); Hestia, Vesta (the hearth); Rhea or Cybele (“Mother of the gods,” identified with Ops, wife of Saturn); Gæa or Ge, Tellus (earth goddess, mother of the Titans).
  [NORSE] Ymir (primeval giant), Reimthursen (frost giants), Bori (fashioner of the world), Bor (father of Odin), Odin or Woden (the All-father, = Zeus); the Æsir or Asas; Thor (the Thunderer), Balder or Baldr ( = Apollo), Freyr (fruitfulness), Tyr or Tyrr (war), Bragi (poetry and eloquence), Höder or Hödr (blind god of the winter), Heimdall (warder of Asgard), Vidar ( = Pan), Uller or Ullr (the chase), Forseti (peacemaker), Vali (knowledge and eternal light), Loki (evil).
  the Vanir or Vans: Njorth or Njord (the winds and the sea), Frey or Freyr (prosperity and love), Freya or Freyja (goddess of love and beauty, = Venus).
  Frigg or Frigga (wife of Odin), Hel (goddess of death, = Persephone), Sif (wife of Thor), Nanna (wife of Balder), Idun (goddess of spring, wife of Bragi), Sigyn (wife of Loki).
  [HINDU] VEDIC GODS: Dyaus (the Heaven), Indra (cloud-compeller), Varuna (the sky, also the waters), Surya (the sun, = Gr. Helios), Savitar (“The Inciter,” a sun god), Soma (the sus ainer), Agni (fire), Vayu (the winds), the Marutas (storm gods), Ushas (“the Dawn,” goddess of wisdom).
  BRAHMANIC GODS: Brahmâ, Vishnu, Siva or Shiva (Brahmanism) [See Deity]; avatars of Vishnu: (1) Matsya, the fish; (2) Karma, the turtle; (3) Varah, the boar; (4) Narsinh, manlion; (5) Vaman, the dwarf; (6) Parshuram, a Brahman; (7) Rama; (8) Krishna; (9) Buddha; (10) Kalki; Jagannath or Juggernaut (Krishna); Ganesha or Ganpati (wisdom), Hanuman (monkey god), Yama (judge of the dead).
  Sarasvati (sakti or wife of Brahmâ goddess of poetry, wisdom, and fine art), Lakshmi (wife of Vishnu; goddess of wealth and prosperity), Durga or Kali (wife of Siva, conceived as a malignant deity); Devi (“the goddess”) or Uma (“light”) or Gauri (“the brilliant”) or Parvati (“the mountaineer,” wife of Siva, conceived as a beneficent deity).
  [EGYPTIAN] Ra or Amun-Ra (the sun god), Neph or Nef (spirit or breath), Pthah (demiurge), Khem (reproduction), Mut or Maut ( = Gr. Demeter), Osiris (judge of the dead), Isis (wife of Osiris), Horus (the morning sun; son of Osiris and Isis), Anubis (jackal-god, brother of Horus, a conductor of the dead), Nephthys (sister of Isis) Set (evil dei y, brother of Osiris), Thoth (c erk of the under world), Bast or Bubastis (a goddess wi h head of a cat), the Sphinx (wisdom).
  [VARIOUS] Baal (Heb. pl. Baalim) [Semitic]; Astarte or Ashtoreth (goddess of fertility and love) [Phænician]; Bel [Babylonian]; The Great Spirit [N. Amer Indian]; Mumbo Jumbo [Sudanese Negroes, an idol or bugaboo].
  NYMPH, dryad, hamadryad, alseid, wood nymph; naiad, fresh-water nymph; oread, mountain nymph; nereid, sea nymph; limoniad or leimoniad, meadow nymph or flower nymph; Oceanid, ocean nymph; napæa, glen nymph; potamid, river nymph; Pleiades or Atlantides, Hyades, Dodonides.
  FAIRY, fay, sprite or spright [archaic]; nix (fem. nixie), water sprite; the Good Folk, brownie or browny, pixy, elf (pl. elves), banshee or banshie; the Fates or Mæræ, Clotho (Spinner), Lachesis (Disposer of Lots), Atropos (Inflexible One); gnome, kelpie; faun; peri, nis, kobold, sylph, sylphid; undine, sea maid, sea nymph, mermaid (masc. merman); Mab, Oberon, Titania, Ariel; Puck, Robin Goodfellow, Hobgoblin; Leprechaun; denizens of the air; afreet &c. (bad spirit) [See Evil Spirits].
  FAMILIAR SPIRIT, familiar, genius, guide, good genius, tutelary genius, daimon, demon or dæmon, guardian.
  MYTHOLOGY, mythical lore, heathen mythology, folklore, fairyism, fairy mythology.
  
ADJECTIVE:MYTHICAL, mythic, mythological, fabulous, legendary [See Imagination].
  FAIRYLIKE, sylphlike, sylphine, sylphish, sylphidine; elfin, elflike, elfish, nymphlike.
  
QUOTATIONS:
  1. Where’er he moves, the goddess shone before.—Homer—Pope’s trans.
  2. Speak of the gods as they are.—Bias
  3. You moonshine revelers and shades of night.—Merry Wives
  4. Where the bee sucks, there suck I; In a cowslip’s bell I lie.—Tempest
  5. Aërial spirits, by great Jove designed To be on earth the guardians of mankind.—Hesiod

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