90. Poets to Come
First published in 1860.
l. 1 orators, singers, musicians to come! added in 1870.
l. 2 1860 67 read Not to-day is to justify me, and Democracy, and what we are for.
l. 4 1860 67. For line 4 read You must justify me. After line 4, 1860 reads
Indeed, if it were not for you, what would I be?
What is the little I have done, except to arouse you?
I depend on being realized, long hence, where the broad fat prairies spread, and thence to Oregon and California inclusive,
I expect that the Texan and the Arizonian, ages hence, will understand me,
I expect that the future Carolinian and Georgian will understand me and love me,
I expect that Kanadians, a hundred, and perhaps many hundred years from now, in winter, in the splendor of the snow and woods, or on the icy lakes, will take me with them, and permanently enjoy themselves with me.
Of to-day I know I am momentary, untouchedI am the bard of the future,
I but write one or two indicative words for the future, etc.
l. 5 myself added in 1870.
91. I Hear America Singing
First published in 1860 where line 1 reads American Mouth-Songs.
l. 10 1860 adds Come! some of you! still be flooding The States with hundreds and thousands of mouth-songs fit for The States only.
92. City Dead-House, The
First published in 1867.
93. A Farm-Picture
First published in Drum Taps, 1865.
l. 3 Line 3 added in 1870.
94. Carol of Occupations
First published in 1855. In edition of 1856 under title of Poem of The Daily Work of the Workmen and Workwomen of These States. 1860 as No. 3, Chants Democratic. 1867 under title of To Workingmen.
l. 6 Male and Female added in 1860.
l. 8 American masses added in 1860.
l. 10 1867. For carol reads poem.
Lines 10, 11, 12 added in 1867.
l. 13 Workmen and Workwomen added in 1860.
l. 22 1855 56 read If you are a workman or workwoman, I stand as nigh as the nighest that works in the same shop.
l. 25 1855 reads If you have become degraded or ill, then I will become so for your sake.
l. 27 1855 reads I say I will carouse, etc.
l. 28 1855 56 60 read do I not often meet, etc.
1855 56 60. After line 28 read If you see a good deal remarkable in me, I see just as much remarkable in you.
l. 39 1855 56 60. After line 39 read
I see and hear you and what you give and take,
What is there you cannot give and take?
I see not merely that you are polite or white-faced, married, single, citizens of old States, citizens of new States, eminent in some profession, a lady or gentleman in a parlor, or dressed in the jail uniform, or pulpit uniform.
1855 56 to above add
Not only the free Utahan, Kansian, or Arkansian, not only the free Cuban, not merely the slave, not Mexican native, or Flatfoot, or negro from Africa,
Iroquois eating warflesh, fish-tearer in his lair of rocks and sand, Esquimaux in the dark cold snow-house, Chinese with his transverse eyes, Bedowee, wandering nomad, or tabounshick at the head of his droves.
l. 45 1855 56 60 read Offspring of those not rich, etc.
l. 47 1855 56 60. For line 47 read
The nävie, the simple and hardy, he going to the polls to vote, he who has a good time and he who has a bad time;
Mechanics, Southerners, new arrivals, sailors, man-o-wars-men, merchant-men, coasters.
l. 51 1855 reads but I bring as good.
l. 57 1855 56 60. After readiest read it is not them though it is endlessly provoked by them (What is there ready and near you now?)
l. 69 1855 56 60. After forever read and each acre of surface and space forever.
l. 70 Line 70. Added in 1867.
l. 71 1855 reads as mainly for a trade, etc.
l. 80 1855. For cash read prudence.
l. 81 1855. For then read but.
l. 85 1855 reads But I am eternally in love with you, etc. 1856 reads Then I am eternally in love with you, etc.
l. 90 Lines 90 to 97, inclusive, in editions of 1855 56 60 are placed at the end of the poem.
l. 98 1855. For reverence reads value and respect.
l. 101 1855 56. For Twelfth-month read December.
l. 103 Line 103. Added in 1867.
l. 112 1855. For score reads notes.
l. 116 1855 56 60 read Does all sit there with you, and here with me?
l. 117 From line 117 to end is the reading adopted in 1867. The readings of 1855 56 60 differ a little from each other, but in the main are the same as that of 1860, which is as follows:
The old, forever-new thingsyou foolish child! the closest, simplest things, this moment with you,
Your person, and every particle that relates to your person,
The pulses of your brain, waiting their chance and encouragement at every deed or sight,
Anything you do in public by day, and anything you do in secret between-days,
What is called right and what is called wrongwhat you behold or touch, or what causes your anger or wonder,
The ankle-chain of the slave, the bed of the bed-house, the cards of the gambler, the plates of the forger,
What is seen or learnt in the street, or intuitively learnt,
What is learnt in the public school, spelling, reading, writing, ciphering, the black-board, the teachers diagrams,
The panes of the windows, all that appears through them, the going forth in the morning, the aimless spending of the day,
(What is it that you made money? What is it that you got what you wanted?)
The usual routine, the work-shop, factory, yard, office, store, desk,
The jaunt of hunting or fishing, and the life of hunting or fishing,
Pasture-life, foddering, milking, herding, and all the personnel and usages,
The plum-orchard, apple-orchard, gardening, seedlings, cuttings, flowers, vines,
Grains, manures, marl, clay, loam, the subsoil plough, the shovel, pick, rake, hoe, irrigation, draining,
The curry-comb, the horse-cloth, the halter, bridle, bits, the very wisps of straw,
The barn and barn-yard, the bins, mangers, mows, racks,
Manufactures, commerce, engineering, the building of cities, every trade carried on there, and the implements of every trade,
The anvil, tongs, hammer, the axe and wedge, the square, mitre, jointer, smoothing-plane,
The plumbob, trowel, level, the wall-scaffold, the work of walls and ceilings, or any mason-work,
The steam-engine, lever, crank, axle, piston, shaft, air-pump, boiler, beam, pulley, hinge, flange, band, bolt, throttle, governors, up and down rods,
The ships compass, the sailors tarpaulin, the stays and lanyards, the ground tackle for anchoring or mooring, the life-boat for wrecks,
The sloops tiller, the pilots wheel and bell, the yacht or fish-smackthe great gay-pennanted three-hundred-foot steamboat, under full headway, with her proud fat breasts, and her delicate swift-flashing paddles,
The trail, line, hooks, sinkers, and the seine, and hauling the seine,
The arsenal, small-arms, rifles, gunpowder, shot, caps, wadding, ordnance for war, and carriages;
Every-day objects, house-chairs, carpet, bed, counterpane of the bed, him or her sleeping at night, wind blowing, indefinite noises,
The snow-storm or rain-storm, the tow-trowsers, the lodge-hut in the woods, the still-hunt,
City and country, fire-place, candle, gas-light, heater, aqueduct,
The message of the Governor, Mayor, Chief of Policethe dishes of breakfast, dinner, supper,
The bunk-room, the fire-engine, the string-team, the car or truck behind,
The paper I write on or you write on, every word we write, every cross and twirl of the pen, and the curious way we write what we think, yet very faintly,
The directory, the detector, the ledger, the books in ranks on the book-shelves, the clock attached to the wall,
The ring on your finger, the ladys wristlet, the scent-powder, the druggists vials and jars, the drought of lager-beer,
The etui of surgical instruments, the etui of oculists or aurists instruments, or dentists instruments,
The permutating lock that can be turned and locked as many different ways as there are minutes in a year,
Glass-blowing, nail-making, salt-making, tin-roofing, shingle-dressing, candle-making, lock-making and hanging,
Ship-carpentering, dock-building, fish-curing, ferrying, stone-breaking, flagging of side-walks by flaggers,
The pump, the pile-driver, the great derrick, the coal-kiln and brick-kiln,
Coal-mines, all that is down there, the lamps in the darkness, echoes, songs, what meditations, what vast native thoughts looking through smutchd faces,
Iron-works, forge-fires in the mountains, or by river-banks, men around feeling the melt with huge crowbarslumps of ore, the due combining of ore, limestone, coalthe blast-furnace and the puddling-furnace, the loup-lump at the bottom of the melt at lastthe rolling-mill, the stumpy bars of pig-iron, the strong clean-shaped T rail for railroads,
Oil-works, silk-works, white-lead-works, the sugar-house, steam-saws, the great mills and factories,
Lead-mines, and all that is done in lead-mines, or with the lead afterward,
Copper-mines, the sheets of copper, and what is formed out of the sheets, and all the work in forming it,
Stone-cutting, shapely trimmings for façades, or window or door lintelsthe mallet, the tooth-chisel, the jib to protect the thumb,
Oakum, the oakum-chisel, the caulking-ironthe kettle of boiling vault-cement, and the fire under the kettle,
The cotton-bale, the stevedores hook, the saw and buck of the sawyer, the screen of the coal-screener, the mould of the moulder, the working-knife of the butcher, the ice-saw, and all the work with ice,
The four-double cylinder press, the hand-press, the frisket and tympan, the compositors stick and rule, type-setting, making up the forms, all the work of newspaper counters, folders, carriers, news-men,
The implements for daguerreotypingthe tools of the rigger, grappler, sail-maker, block-maker,
Goods of gutta-percha, papier-maché, colors, brushes, brush-making, glaziers implements,
The veneer and glue-pot, the confectioners ornaments, the decanter and glasses, the shears and flat-iron,
The awl and knee-strap, the pint measure and quart measure, the counter and stool, the writing-pen of quill or metalthe making of all sorts of edged tools,
The ladders and hanging-ropes of the gymnasium, manly exercises, the game of base-ball, running, leaping, pitching quoits,
The designs for wall-papers, oil-cloths, carpets, the fancies for goods for women, the book-binders stamps,
The brewery, brewing, the malt, the vats, every thing that is done by brewers, also by wine-makers, also vinegar-makers,
Leather-dressing, coach-making, boiler-making, rope-twisting, distilling, sign-painting, lime-burning, coopering, cotton-pickingelectro-plating, electrotyping, stereotyping,
Stave-machines, planing-machines, reaping-machines, ploughing-machines, thrashing-machines, steam-wagons,
The cart of the carman, the omnibus, the ponderous dray,
The wires of the electric telegraph stretched on land, or laid at the bottom of the sea, and then the message in an instant from a thousand miles off,
The snow-plough, and two engines pushing itthe ride in the express-train of only one car, the swift go through a howling stormthe locomotive, and all that is done about a locomotive,
The bear-hunt or coon-huntthe bonfire of shavings in the open lot in the city, and the crowd of children watching,
The blows of the fighting-man, the upper-cut, and one-two-three,
Pyrotechny, letting off colored fire-works at night, fancy figures and jets,
Shop-windows, coffins in the sextons ware-room, fruit on the fruit-standbeef in the butchers stall, the slaughter-house of the butcher, the butcher in his killing-clothes,
The area of pens of live pork, the killing-hammer, the hog-hook, the scalders tub, gutting, the cutters cleaver, the packers maul, and the plenteous winter-work of pork-packing,
Flour-works, grinding of wheat, rye, maize, ricethe barrels and the half and quarter barrels, the loaded barges, the high piles on wharves and levees,
Bread and cakes in the bakery, the milliners ribbons, the dress-makers patterns, the tea-table, the home-made sweetmeats;
Cheap literature, maps, charts, lithographs, daily and weekly newspapers,
The column of wants in the one-cent paper, the news by telegraph, amusements, operas, shows,
The business parts of a city, the trottoirs of a city when thousands of well-dressed people walk up and down,
The cotton, woollen, linen you wear, the money you make and spend,
Your room and bed-room, your piano-forte, the stove and cook-pans,
The house you live in, the rent, the other tenants, the deposit in the savings-bank, the trade at the grocery,
The pay on Seventh Day night, the going home, and the purchases;
In them the heft of the heaviestin them far more than you estimated, and far less also,
In them realities for you and mein them poems for you and me,
In them, not yourselfyou and your Soul enclose all things, regardless of estimation,
In them themes, hints, provokersif not, the whole earth has no themes, hints, provokers, and never had.
I do not affirm what you see beyond is futileI do not advise you to stop,
I do not say leadings you thought great are not great,
But I say that none lead to greater, sadder, happier, than those lead to.
Will you seek afar off? You surely come back at last,
In things best known to you, finding the best, or as good as the best,
In folks nearest to you finding also the sweetest, strongest, lovingest,
Happiness, knowledge, not in another place, but this placenot for another hour, but this hour,
Man in the first you see or touchalways in your friend, brother, nighest neighborWoman in your mother, lover, wife,
The popular tastes and occupations taking precedence in poems or any where,
You workwomen and workmen of These States having your own divine and strong life,
Looking the President always sternly in the face, unbending, nonchalant,
Understanding that he is to be kept by you to short and sharp account of himself,
And all else thus far giving place to men and women like you.
1. First published in 1860, being part of Thought 4 in 1860 and 1867 editions.
2. First published in 1860, being Thought 2 in 1860 and 1867 editions.
96. Sleepers, The
First published in 1855. In 1856 under title of Night Poem. In 1860 67 under title of Sleep-Chasings.
l. 22 all, all added in 1860.
l. 23 1855 56 read I stand with drooping eyes by the worst suffering and restless.
l. 26 Line 26 added in 1860.
l. 135 1855 56 60 67 read my tap is death.
l. 179 1855 56 60. For come on read go on.
l. 204 1855 adds
Not you will yield forth the dawn again more surely than you will yield forth me again,
Not the womb yields the babe in its time more surely than I shall be yielded from you in my time.
97. Carol of Words
First published in 1856 under title of Poem of The Sayers of the Words of The Earth. In editions of 1860 67 under title of To The Sayers of Words.
l. 1 to be said added in 1860.
l. 3 1856 reads These are vast words.
l. 18 1856 60 read The great masters, the sayers, etc.
After line 18, 1856 reads
Syllables are not the earths words,
Beauty, reality, manhood, time, life,the realities of such as these are the earths words.
l. 53 1856 reads her eyes glancing back from it.
l. 54 1856 reads Glancing thence as she sits.
l. 70 1856. For fluid reads liquid.
l. 81 such added in 1867.
l. 82 1856. For No reads Not.
l. 103 1856 60 read of the words.
l. 118 For a carol of words 1856 reads for the sayers of the earth. 1860 67 read for the sayers of words.
l. 119 1856 60 67 read These are they that echo.
l. 124 1856 reads Say on Sayers of the earth!
l. 125 1856 reads substantial words, etc.
l. 126 Line 126 added in 1860.
98. Ah Poverties, Wincings and Sulky Retreats
First published in When Lilacs Last In The Door-yard Bloomed, 1865 66.
99. A Boston Ballad, 1854
First published in 1855. In edition of 1856 under title of Poem of Apparitions in Boston, the 78th Year of These States. In 1860 under title of A Boston Ballad the 78th Year of These States.
l. 1 1855 56 60 read I rose this morning early to get betimes in Boston town.
l. 3 In 1855 56 60 lines 3, 4 and 5 begin the poem, lines 1 and 2 following.
l. 5 1855 reads and the phantoms afterward for and the apparitions, etc.
l. 7 1855 reads How bright shine the foremost with cutlasses.
l. 11 indeed added in 1867.
l. 13 1855 56 60 read and rear of it.
l. 21 1855 56 60 read smart grand-sons.
l. 25 1855 56 read Retreat then! Pell-mell! Back to the hills, old limpers!
l. 26 1860 reads Back to your graves! Back to the hills, etc.
l. 30 haste added in 1860.
l. 36 1855 reads Here is a centre-piece for them.