Verse > Walt Whitman > Leaves of Grass

Walt Whitman (1819–1892).  Leaves of Grass.  1900.

NOTES  170–179

170. To a foil’d European Revolutionaire

First published in 1856 under title of “Liberty Poem for Asia, Africa, Europe, America,” etc. In 1860 ’67 under title of “To a Foiled Revolter or Revoltress.”

  l. 1  “yet” added in 1870.

  l. 6  Line 6 added in 1870.

  l. 7  1856 ’60 read “through Asia, Africa, Europe, America, Australia, Cuba, and all the islands,” etc.

  l. 9  1856 ’60 read “Waits patiently its time, a year, a century, a hundred centuries.”

  l. 15  Lines 10–15 added in 1870.

  l. 26  1856 reads “When there are no more memories of the lovers of the whole nations of the world.” 1860 reads “When there are no more memories of the superb lovers of the nations of the world.” After which, with the addition of the word “superb,” editions of 1856 ’60 read:

“The lovers’ names scouted in the public gatherings by the lips of the orators,
Boys not christened after them, but christened after traitors and murderers instead,
Laws for slaves sweet to the taste of people—the slave-hunt acknowledged.”

  1860 adds “Tyrants’ and Priests’ successes really acknowledged anywhere, for all the ostensible appearances.” 1856 ’60 read “You or I walking abroad upon the earth, elated at the sight of slaves, no matter who they are.”

  l. 29  For lines 28–29, 1856 ’60 read

“Then shall the instinct of liberty be discharged from that part of the earth,
Then shall the infidel and tyrant come into possession.”

  Which ends the poem in edition of 1856.

  l. 30  “Then courage!” with lines 31–2–3–4–6–7–8 added in 1860.

  l.   “Revolter! Revoltress!” added in 1867, “European” added in 1870.

  l. 34  “misconception” added in 1870.

  l. 35  Line 35 added in 1870.

171. France, the 18th year of These States

First published in 1860.

  l. 14  1860 reads “still is not destroyed.”

172. Europe, the 72d and 73d years of These States

First published in 1855, in 1856 under title of “Poem of the Dead Young Men of Europe,” etc.

  l. 5  “exiled patriots’“ added in 1860.

  l. 16  “lord” added in 1860.

  l. 17  “lowering, stealing” added in 1860.

  l. 21  “crook’d” added in 1860.

173. Walt Whitman’s Caution

First published in 1860.

174. To a Certain Cantatrice

First published in 1860.

  l. 3  1860. After “cause” reads “the progress and freedom of the race, the cause of my Soul.”

  l. 4  Line 4 added in 1870.

175. To You

First published in 1856 under title of “Poem of You, Whoever You Are.”

  l. 2  “supposed” added in 1867.

  l. 5  1856 reads “begetting, dying,” and adds,

“They receive these in their places, they find these or the like of these, eternal, for reasons,
They find themselves eternal, they do not find that the water and soil tend to endure forever, and they not endure.”

  l. 32  1856 ’60 add “I track through your windings and turnings, I come upon you where you thought eye should never come upon you.”

  l. 39  1856 reads “you are to hold your own at any hazard!”

176. As the Time Draws Nigh

First published in “Songs Before Parting,” 1865–6, under title of “As Nearing Departure.”

  l. 1  “Songs Before Parting” before line 1 reads “As nearing departure.”

  l. 4  “awhile” added in 1870.

177. Years of the Modern

First published in “Drum-Taps,” 1865, under title of “Years of the Unperformed.”

  l. 1  “Years of the modern” added in 1870.

  l. 6  “the old wars” added in 1870.

  l. 7  “and Peace on the other” added in 1870.

  l. 8  Drum-Taps reads “Both issuing forth,” etc.

178. Thoughts

First published in 1860.

  l. 1  1860 begins poem “A Thought of what I am here for.”

  l. 2  “and have pass’d” added in 1867.

  l. 3  “The Absolute Success” added in 1870.

  l. 5  “Western” added in 1870.

  l. 6  “of the war” added in 1870.

  l. 13  “and war itself, with all its horrors” added in 1870.

  l. 15  First published in 1860 as “Chants Democratic.”

  1860 begins poem

“The thought of fruitage,
Of Death, (the life greater)—of seeds,” etc.

  l. 19  Line 19 added in 1870.

  l. 21  Line 21 added in 1870.

  l. 23  1860 reads “Of departing—of the growth of a mightier race than any yet.”

  l. 28  1860 adds “and westward still.”

  l. 29  1860 reads “men and women.”

  l. 30  “mighty inland” added in 1870.

179. Song at Sunset

First published in 1860.

  l. 1  1860. For “ended” reads “falling.”

  l. 28  1860. For “satisfied” reads “amours.” “Songs Before Parting” reads “happy.”

  l. 51  Line 51 added in 1870.

  l. 53  “modern or old” added in 1870.

  l. 59  1860 reads “O when the time comes.”


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