Reference > World Factbook, 2003
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   The World Factbook.  2003.
 
Bassas da India
 
Flag of Bassas da India                Map of Bassas da India
  
Background:This atoll is a volcanic rock surrounded by reefs and is awash at high tide. A French possession since 1897, it was placed under the administration of a commissioner residing in Reunion in 1968.
  
Geography
  
Location:Southern Africa, islands in the southern Mozambique Channel, about one-half of the way from Madagascar to Mozambique
Geographic coordinates:21 30 S, 39 50 E
Map references:Africa
Area:total: 0.2 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 0.2 sq km
Area—comparative:about one-third the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries:0 km
Coastline:35.2 km
Maritime claims:exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate:tropical
Terrain:volcanic rock
Elevation extremes:lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 2.4 m
Natural resources:none
Land use:arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (all rock) (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:maritime hazard since it is usually under water during high tide and surrounded by reefs; subject to periodic cyclones
Environment—current issues:NA
Geography—note:the islands emerge from a circular reef that sits atop a long-extinct, submerged volcano
  
People
  
Population:uninhabited (July 2003 est.)
  
Government
  
Country name:conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Bassas da India
Dependency status:possession of France; administered by a high commissioner of the Republic, resident in Reunion
Legal system:the laws of France, where applicable, apply
Flag description:the flag of France is used
  
Economy
  
Economy—overview:no economic activity
  
Transportation
  
Waterways:none
Ports and harbors:none; offshore anchorage only
  
Military
  
Military—note:defense is the responsibility of France
  
Transnational Issues
  
Disputes—international:claimed by Madagascar
 
 
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