Reference > World Factbook, 2008
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  The World Factbook.  2008.
 
Coral Sea Islands
 
Flag of Coral Sea Islands                                Map of Coral Sea Islands
 
Background:Scattered over more than three-quarters of a million square kilometers of ocean, the Coral Sea Islands were declared a territory of Australia in 1969. They are uninhabited except for a small meteorological staff on the Willis Islets. Automated weather stations, beacons, and a lighthouse occupy many other islands and reefs.
  
Geography
  
Location:Oceania, islands in the Coral Sea, northeast of Australia
Geographic coordinates:18 00 S, 152 00 E
Map references:Oceania
Area:total: less than 3 sq km
land: less than 3 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes numerous small islands and reefs scattered over a sea area of about 780,000 sq km, with the Willis Islets the most important
Area—comparative:NA
Land boundaries:0 km
Coastline:3,095 km
Maritime claims:territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate:tropical
Terrain:sand and coral reefs and islands (or cays)
Elevation extremes:lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location on Cato Island 6 m
Natural resources:NEGL
Land use:arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (mostly grass or scrub cover) (2005)
Irrigated land:0 sq km
Natural hazards:occasional tropical cyclones
Environment—current issues:no permanent fresh water resources
Geography—note:important nesting area for birds and turtles
  
People
  
Population:no indigenous inhabitants
note: there is a staff of three to four at the meteorological station on Willis Island (July 2007 est.)
  
Government
  
Country name:conventional long form: Coral Sea Islands Territory
conventional short form: Coral Sea Islands
Dependency status:territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Australian Attorney-General's Department
Legal system:the laws of Australia, where applicable, apply
Executive branch:administered from Canberra by the Australian Attorney-General's Department
Diplomatic representation in the US:none (territory of Australia)
Diplomatic representation from the US:none (territory of Australia)
Flag description:the flag of Australia is used
  
Economy
  
Economy—overview:no economic activity
  
Communications
  
Communications—note:there are automatic weather stations on many of the isles and reefs relaying data to the mainland
  
Transportation
  
Ports and terminals:none; offshore anchorage only
  
Military
  
Military—note:defense is the responsibility of Australia; visited regularly by the Royal Australian Navy; Australia has control over the activities of visitors
  
Transnational Issues
  
Disputes—international:none

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