The World Factbook. 2008. 

Roadways 


Country  Roadways 
Afghanistan  total: 34,782 km paved: 8,229 km unpaved: 26,553 km (2004) 
Albania  total: 18,000 km paved: 7,020 km unpaved: 10,980 km (2002) 
Algeria  total: 108,302 km paved: 76,028 km unpaved: 32,274 km (2004) 
American Samoa  total: 185 km (2004) 
Andorra  total: 269 km paved: 198 km unpaved: 71 km 
Angola  total: 51,429 km paved: 5,349 km unpaved: 46,080 km (2001) 
Anguilla  total: 175 km paved: 82 km unpaved: 93 km (2004) 
Antigua and Barbuda  total: 1,165 km paved: 384 km unpaved: 781 km (2002) 
Argentina  total: 229,144 km paved: 68,809 km (includes 734 km of expressways) unpaved: 160,335 km (2004) 
Armenia  total: 7,700 km paved: 7,700 km (includes 1,561 km of expressways) (2006) 
Aruba  total: 800 km paved: 513 km unpaved: 287 km 
Australia  total: 810,641 km paved: 336,962 km unpaved: 473,679 km (2004) 
Austria  total: 133,718 km paved: 133,718 km (includes 1,677 km of expressways) (2003) 
Azerbaijan  total: 59,141 km paved: 29,210 km unpaved: 29,931 km (2004) 
Bahamas, The  total: 2,693 km paved: 1,546 km unpaved: 1,147 km (1999) 
Bahrain  total: 3,498 km paved: 2,768 km unpaved: 730 km (2003) 
Bangladesh  total: 239,226 km paved: 22,726 km unpaved: 216,500 km (2003) 
Barbados  total: 1,600 km paved: 1,600 km (2004) 
Belarus  total: 93,310 km paved: 81,180 km unpaved: 12,130 km (2004) 
Belgium  total: 150,567 km paved: 117,442 km (includes 1,747 km of expressways) unpaved: 33,125 km (2004) 
Belize  total: 2,872 km paved: 488 km unpaved: 2,384 km (1999) 
Benin  total: 16,000 km paved: 1,400 km unpaved: 14,600 km (2005) 
Bermuda  total: 447 km paved: 447 km note: public roads  225 km; private roads  222 km (2002) 
Bhutan  total: 8,050 km paved: 4,991 km unpaved: 3,059 km (2003) 
Bolivia  total: 62,479 km paved: 3,749 km unpaved: 58,730 km (2004) 
Bosnia and Herzegovina  total: 21,846 km paved: 11,425 km (4,714 km of interurban roads) unpaved: 10,421 km (2006) 
Botswana  total: 24,355 km paved: 8,914 km unpaved: 15,441 km (2004) 
Brazil  total: 1,751,868 km paved: 96,353 km unpaved: 1,655,515 km (2004) 
British Indian Ocean Territory  total: NA paved: short section of paved road between port and airfield on Diego Garcia 
British Virgin Islands  total: 177 km paved: 177 km (2002) 
Brunei  total: 3,650 km paved: 2,819 km unpaved: 831 km (2005) 
Bulgaria  total: 44,033 km paved: 43,593 km (includes 333 km of expressways) unpaved: 440 km (2004) 
Burkina Faso  total: 15,272 km paved: 4,766 km unpaved: 10,506 km (2004) 
Burma  total: 27,000 km paved: 3,200 km unpaved: 23,800 km (2005) 
Burundi  total: 12,322 km paved: 1,286 km unpaved: 11,036 km (2004) 
Cambodia  total: 38,257 km paved: 2,406 km unpaved: 35,851 km (2004) 
Cameroon  total: 50,000 km paved: 5,000 km unpaved: 45,000 km (2004) 
Canada  total: 1,042,300 km paved: 415,600 km (includes 17,000 km of expressways) unpaved: 626,700 km (2006) 
Cape Verde  total: 1,350 km paved: 932 km unpaved: 418 km (2000) 
Cayman Islands  total: 785 km paved: 785 km (2002) 
Central African Republic  total: 23,810 km (1999) 
Chad  total: 33,400 km paved: 267 km unpaved: 33,133 km (1999) 
Chile  total: 79,605 km paved: 16,080 km (includes 407 km of expressways) unpaved: 63,525 km (2001) 
China  total: 1,870,661 km paved: 1,515,797 km (with at least 34,288 km of expressways) unpaved: 354,864 km (2004) 
Christmas Island  total: 142 km paved: 32 km unpaved: 110 km (2006) 
Cocos (Keeling) Islands  total: 22 km paved: 10 km unpaved: 12 km (2006) 
Colombia  total: 112,988 km paved: 16,270 km unpaved: 96,718 km (2004) 
Comoros  total: 880 km paved: 673 km unpaved: 207 km (1999) 
Congo, Democratic Republic of the  total: 153,497 km paved: 2,794 km unpaved: 150,703 km (2004) 
Congo, Republic of the  total: 17,289 km paved: 864 km unpaved: 16,425 km (2004) 
Cook Islands  total: 320 km paved: 33 km unpaved: 287 km (2003) 
Costa Rica  total: 35,330 km paved: 8,621 km unpaved: 26,709 km (2004) 
Cote d'Ivoire  total: 80,000 km paved: 6,500 km unpaved: 73,500 km note: includes intercity and urban roads; another 20,000 km of dirt roads are in poor condition and 150,000 km of dirt roads are impassable (2006) 
Croatia  total: 28,436 km paved: 28,436 km (includes 792 km of expressways) (2006) 
Cuba  total: 60,858 km paved: 29,820 km (includes 638 km of expressway) unpaved: 31,038 km (1999) 
Cyprus  total: 14,630 km (area under government control: 12,280 km; area administered by Turkish Cypriots: 2,350 km) paved: area under government control: 7,979 km (includes 257 km of expressways); area administered by Turkish Cypriots: 1,370 km unpaved: area under government control: 4,301 km; area administered by Turkish Cypriots: 980 km (2006) 
Czech Republic  total: 127,865 km paved: 127,865 km (includes 633 km of expressways) (2006) 
Denmark  total: 72,257 km paved: 72,257 km (includes 1,032 km of expressways) (2005) 
Djibouti  total: 2,890 km paved: 364 km unpaved: 2,526 km (1999) 
Dominica  total: 780 km paved: 393 km unpaved: 387 km (1999) 
Dominican Republic  total: 12,600 km paved: 6,224 km unpaved: 6,376 km (1999) 
Ecuador  total: 43,197 km paved: 6,467 km unpaved: 36,730 km (2004) 
Egypt  total: 92,370 km paved: 74,820 km unpaved: 17,550 km (2004) 
El Salvador  total: 10,886 km paved: 2,827 km unpaved: 8,059 km (2000) 
Equatorial Guinea  total: 2,880 km (1999) 
Eritrea  total: 4,010 km paved: 874 km unpaved: 3,136 km (1999) 
Estonia  total: 56,856 km paved: 13,384 km (includes 99 km of expressways) unpaved: 43,472 km (2004) 
Ethiopia  total: 36,469 km paved: 6,980 km unpaved: 29,489 km (2004) 
European Union  total: 2,394,641 km (includes 61,522 km of expressways) paved: 1,809,821 km unpaved: 584,820 km (2005) 
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)  total: 440 km paved: 50 km unpaved: 390 km (2003) 
Faroe Islands  total: 463 km (2006) 
Fiji  total: 3,440 km paved: 1,692 km unpaved: 1,748 km (1999) 
Finland  total: 78,189 km paved: 50,760 km (includes 700 km of expressways) unpaved: 27,429 km (2007) 
France  total: 956,303 km (includes 5,083 km of roads in the overseas departments) paved: 951,220 km (metropolitan France; including 10,490 km of expressways) (2004) 
French Polynesia  total: 2,590 km paved: 1,735 km unpaved: 855 km (1999) 
Gabon  total: 9,170 km paved: 937 km unpaved: 8,233 km (2004) 
Gambia, The  total: 3,742 km paved: 723 km unpaved: 3,019 km (2004) 
Gaza Strip  note: see entry for West Bank 
Georgia  total: 20,247 km paved: 7,973 km unpaved: 12,274 km (2004) 
Germany  total: 231,581 km paved: 231,581 km (includes 12,200 km of expressways) (2005) 
Ghana  total: 42,623 km paved: 3,267 km unpaved: 39,356 km (2004) 
Gibraltar  total: 29 km paved: 29 km (2002) 
Greece  total: 114,931 km paved: 105,507 km (includes 880 km of expressways) unpaved: 9,424 km (2004) 
Greenland  total: NA note: while there are short roads in towns, there are no roads between towns; intertown transport takes place either by sea or air (2005) 
Grenada  total: 1,127 km paved: 687 km unpaved: 440 km (1999) 
Guam  total: 977 km (2004) 
Guatemala  total: 14,095 km paved: 4,863 km (includes 75 km of expressways) unpaved: 9,232 km (1999) 
Guernsey  total: NA 
Guinea  total: 44,348 km paved: 4,342 km unpaved: 40,006 km (2003) 
GuineaBissau  total: 3,455 km paved: 965 km unpaved: 2,490 km (2002) 
Guyana  total: 7,970 km paved: 590 km unpaved: 7,380 km (1999) 
Haiti  total: 4,160 km paved: 1,011 km unpaved: 3,149 km (1999) 
Honduras  total: 13,603 km paved: 2,775 km unpaved: 10,828 km (1999) 
Hong Kong  total: 2,009 km paved: 2,009 km (2007) 
Hungary  total: 159,568 km paved: 70,050 km (30,874 km of interurban roads including 626 km of expressways) unpaved: 89,518 km (2005) 
Iceland  total: 13,028 km paved/oiled gravel: 4,241 km (does not include urban roads) unpaved: 8,787 km (2005) 
India  total: 3,383,344 km paved: 1,603,705 km unpaved: 1,779,639 km (2002) 
Indonesia  total: 368,360 km paved: 213,649 km unpaved: 154,711 km (2002) 
Iran  total: 179,388 km paved: 120,782 km (includes 878 km of expressways) unpaved: 58,606 km (2003) 
Iraq  total: 45,550 km paved: 38,399 km unpaved: 7,151 km (1999) 
Ireland  total: 96,602 km paved: 96,602 km (includes 200 km of expressways) (2003) 
Isle of Man  total: 800 km paved: 800 km (1999) 
Israel  total: 17,446 km paved: 17,446 km (includes 144 km of expressways) (2004) 
Italy  total: 484,688 km paved: 484,688 km (includes 6,621 km of expressways) (2004) 
Jamaica  total: 20,996 km paved: 15,386 km (includes 33 km of expressways) unpaved: 5,610 km (2004) 
Japan  total: 1.183 million km paved: 925,000 km (includes 6,946 km of expressways) unpaved: 258,000 km (2003) 
Jersey  total: 577 km 
Jordan  total: 7,500 km paved: 7,500 km (2004) 
Kazakhstan  total: 90,018 km paved: 84,104 km unpaved: 5,914 km (2004) 
Kenya  total: 63,265 km (interurban roads) paved: 8,933 km unpaved: 54,332 km note: there also are 100,000 km of rural roads and 14,500 km of urban roads for a national total of 177,765 km (2004) 
Kiribati  total: 670 km (1999) 
Korea, North  total: 25,554 km paved: 724 km unpaved: 24,830 km (2006) 
Korea, South  total: 100,279 km paved: 87,032 km (includes 3,060 km of expressways) unpaved: 13,247 km (2004) 
Kosovo  total: 1,925 km (2005) 
Kuwait  total: 5,749 km paved: 4,887 km unpaved: 862 km (2004) 
Kyrgyzstan  total: 18,500 km paved: 16,854 km unpaved: 1,646 km (1999) 
Laos  total: 31,210 km paved: 4,494 km unpaved: 26,716 km (2003) 
Latvia  total: 69,532 km paved: 69,532 km (2004) 
Lebanon  total: 7,300 km paved: 6,198 km unpaved: 1,102 km (1999) 
Lesotho  total: 5,940 km paved: 1,087 km unpaved: 4,853 km (1999) 
Liberia  total: 10,600 km paved: 657 km unpaved: 9,943 km (1999) 
Libya  total: 83,200 km paved: 47,590 km unpaved: 35,610 km (1999) 
Liechtenstein  total: 380 km paved: 380 km (2006) 
Lithuania  total: 79,497 km paved: 70,549 km (includes 417 km of expressways) unpaved: 8,948 km (2005) 
Luxembourg  total: 5,227 km paved: 5,227 km (includes 147 km of expressways) (2004) 
Macau  total: 384 km paved: 384 km (2006) 
Macedonia  total: 8,684 km paved: 5,540 km unpaved: 3,144 km (1999) 
Madagascar  total: 49,827 km paved: 5,780 km unpaved: 44,047 km (1999) 
Malawi  total: 15,451 km paved: 6,956 km unpaved: 8,495 km (2003) 
Malaysia  total: 98,721 km paved: 80,280 km (includes 1,821 km of expressways) unpaved: 18,441 km (2004) 
Maldives  total: 88 km paved roads: 88 km  60 km in Male; 14 km on Addu Atolis; 14 km on Laamu note: village roads are mainly compacted coral (2006) 
Mali  total: 18,709 km paved: 3,368 km unpaved: 15,341 km (2004) 
Malta  total: 2,227 km paved: 2,014 km unpaved: 213 km (2004) 
Marshall Islands  total: 64.5 km paved: 64.5 km note: paved roads on major islands (Majuro, Kwajalein), otherwise stone, coral, or lateritesurfaced roads and tracks (2002) 
Mauritania  total: 7,660 km paved: 866 km unpaved: 6,794 km (1999) 
Mauritius  total: 2,020 km paved: 2,020 km (includes 75 km of expressways) (2005) 
Mayotte  total: 93 km paved: 72 km unpaved: 21 km 
Mexico  total: 235,670 km paved: 116,751 km (includes 6,144 km of expressways) unpaved: 118,919 km (2004) 
Micronesia, Federated States of  total: 240 km paved: 42 km unpaved: 198 km (1999) 
Moldova  total: 12,733 km paved: 10,976 km unpaved: 1,757 km (2004) 
Monaco  total: 50 km paved: 50 km (1999) 
Mongolia  total: 49,250 km paved: 1,724 km unpaved: 47,526 km (2002) 
Montenegro  total: 7,353 km paved: 4,274 km unpaved: 3,079 km (2005) 
Montserrat  total: 227 km note: volcanic eruptions that began in 1995 destroyed most of the road system (2003) 
Morocco  total: 57,493 km paved: 32,716 km (includes 507 km of expressways) unpaved: 24,777 km (2004) 
Mozambique  total: 30,400 km paved: 5,685 km unpaved: 24,715 km (1999) 
Namibia  total: 42,237 km paved: 5,406 km unpaved: 36,831 km (2002) 
Nauru  total: 30 km paved: 24 km unpaved: 6 km (1999 est.) 
Nepal  total: 17,380 km paved: 9,886 km unpaved: 7,494 km (2004) 
Netherlands  total: 134,000 km (includes 3,270 km of expressways) (2004) 
New Caledonia  total: 5,432 km (2000) 
New Zealand  total: 92,931 km paved: 59,783 km (includes 171 km of expressways) unpaved: 33,148 km (2003) 
Nicaragua  total: 19,036 km paved: 2,299 km unpaved: 16,737 km (2005) 
Niger  total: 14,565 km paved: 3,641 km unpaved: 10,924 km (2004) 
Nigeria  total: 194,394 km paved: 60,068 km unpaved: 134,326 km (1999) 
Niue  total: 234 km paved: 86 km unpaved: 148 km (2001) 
Norfolk Island  total: 80 km paved: 53 km unpaved: 27 km (2002) 
Northern Mariana Islands  total: 536 km (2004) 
Norway  total: 92,513 km paved: 71,832 km (includes 664 km of expressways) unpaved: 20,681 km (2005) 
Oman  total: 34,965 km paved: 9,673 km (includes 550 km of expressways) unpaved: 25,292 km (2001) 
Pakistan  total: 258,340 km paved: 167,146 km (includes 711 km of expressways) unpaved: 91,194 km (2004) 
Palau  total: 61 km paved: 36 km unpaved: 25 km 
Panama  total: 11,643 km paved: 4,028 km unpaved: 7,615 km (2000) 
Papua New Guinea  total: 19,600 km paved: 686 km unpaved: 18,914 km (1999) 
Paraguay  total: 29,500 km paved: 14,986 km unpaved: 14,514 km (1999) 
Peru  total: 78,829 km paved: 11,351 km (includes 276 km of expressways) unpaved: 67,478 km (2004) 
Philippines  total: 200,037 km paved: 19,804 km unpaved: 180,233 km (2003) 
Pitcairn Islands  total: 6 km unpaved: 6 km (dirt roads) 
Poland  total: 423,997 km paved: 295,356 km (includes 484 km of expressways) unpaved: 128,641 km (2004) 
Portugal  total: 78,470 km paved: 67,484 km (includes 2,002 km of expressways) unpaved: 10,986 km (2004) 
Puerto Rico  total: 25,735 km paved: 24,353 km (includes 427 km of expressways) unpaved: 1,382 km (2005) 
Qatar  total: 1,230 km paved: 1,107 km unpaved: 123 km (1999) 
Romania  total: 198,817 km paved: 60,043 km (includes 228 km of expressways) unpaved: 138,774 km (2004) 
Russia  total: 871,000 km paved: 738,000 km (includes 29,000 km of expressways) unpaved: 133,000 km note: includes public and departmental roads (2004) 
Rwanda  total: 14,008 km paved: 2,662 km unpaved: 11,346 km (2004) 
Saint Helena  total: 198 km (Saint Helena 138 km, Ascension 40 km, Tristan da Cunha 20 km) paved: 168 km (Saint Helena 118 km, Ascension 40 km, Tristan da Cunha 10 km) unpaved: 30 km (Saint Helena 20 km, Ascension 0 km, Tristan da Cunha 10 km) (2002) 
Saint Kitts and Nevis  total: 320 km paved: 138 km unpaved: 182 km (1999 est) 
Saint Lucia  total: 910 km paved: 48 km unpaved: 862 km (2000) 
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines  total: 829 km paved: 580 km unpaved: 249 km (2003) 
Samoa  total: 2,337 km paved: 332 km unpaved: 2,005 km (2004) 
San Marino  total: 104 km paved: 104 km (2003) 
Sao Tome and Principe  total: 320 km paved: 218 km unpaved: 102 km (1999) 
Saudi Arabia  total: 152,044 km paved: 45,461 km unpaved: 106,583 km (2000) 
Senegal  total: 13,576 km paved: 3,972 km (includes 7 km of expressways) unpaved: 9,604 km (2003) 
Serbia  total: 37,841 km (note  excludes Kosovo) paved: 32,100 km unpaved: 5,741 km (2006) 
Seychelles  total: 458 km paved: 440 km unpaved: 18 km (2003) 
Sierra Leone  total: 11,300 km paved: 904 km unpaved: 10,396 km (2002) 
Singapore  total: 3,234 km paved: 3,234 km (includes 150 km of expressways) (2005) 
Slovakia  total: 42,993 km paved: 37,533 km (includes 316 km of expressways) unpaved: 5,460 km (2004) 
Slovenia  total: 38,451 km paved: 38,451 km (includes 483 km of expressways) (2004) 
Solomon Islands  total: 1,360 km paved: 34 km unpaved: 1,326 km (1999) 
Somalia  total: 22,100 km paved: 2,608 km unpaved: 19,492 km (1999) 
South Africa  total: 362,099 km paved: 73,506 km (includes 239 km of expressways) unpaved: 288,593 km (2002) 
Spain  total: 666,292 km paved: 659,629 km (includes 12,009 km of expressways) unpaved: 6,663 km (2003) 
Sri Lanka  total: 97,287 km paved: 78,802 km unpaved: 18,485 km (2003) 
Sudan  total: 11,900 km paved: 4,320 km unpaved: 7,580 km (1999) 
Suriname  total: 4,304 km paved: 1,130 km unpaved: 3,174 km (2003) 
Swaziland  total: 3,594 km paved: 1,078 km unpaved: 2,516 km (2002) 
Sweden  total: 424,947 km paved: 129,651 km (includes 1,591 km of expressways) unpaved: 295,296 km (2004) 
Switzerland  total: 71,297 km paved: 71,297 km (includes 1,728 of expressways) (2004) 
Syria  total: 94,890 km paved: 19,073 km unpaved: 75,817 km (2004) 
Taiwan  total: 40,262 km paved: 38,171 km (includes 976 km of expressways) unpaved: 2,091 km (2007) 
Tajikistan  total: 27,767 km (2000) 
Tanzania  total: 78,891 km paved: 6,808 km unpaved: 72,083 km (2003) 
Thailand  total: 57,403 km paved: 56,542 km unpaved: 861 km (2000) 
TimorLeste  total: 6,040 km paved: 2,600 km unpaved: 3,440 km (2005) 
Togo  total: 7,520 km paved: 2,376 km unpaved: 5,144 km (1999) 
Tonga  total: 680 km paved: 184 km unpaved: 496 km (1999) 
Trinidad and Tobago  total: 8,320 km paved: 4,252 km unpaved: 4,068 km (1999) 
Tunisia  total: 19,232 km paved: 12,655 km (includes 262 km of expressways) unpaved: 6,577 km (2004) 
Turkey  total: 426,906 km paved: 177,550 km (includes 1,892 km of expressways) unpaved: 249,356 km (2004) 
Turkmenistan  total: 24,000 km paved: 19,488 km unpaved: 4,512 km (1999) 
Turks and Caicos Islands  total: 121 km paved: 24 km unpaved: 97 km (2003) 
Tuvalu  total: 8 km paved: 8 km (2002) 
Uganda  total: 70,746 km paved: 16,272 km unpaved: 54,474 km (2003) 
Ukraine  total: 169,477 km paved: 164,732 km (includes 15 km of expressways) unpaved: 4,745 km (2004) 
United Arab Emirates  total: 1,088 km paved: 1,088 km (includes 253 km of expressways) (1999) 
United Kingdom  total: 388,008 km paved: 388,008 km (includes 3,520 km of expressways) (2005) 
United States  total: 6,430,366 km paved: 4,165,110 km (includes 75,009 km of expressways) unpaved: 2,265,256 km (2005) 
Uruguay  total: 77,732 km paved: 7,743 km unpaved: 69,989 km (2004) 
Uzbekistan  total: 81,600 km paved: 71,237 km unpaved: 10,363 km (1999) 
Vanuatu  total: 1,070 km paved: 256 km unpaved: 814 km (1999) 
Venezuela  total: 96,155 km paved: 32,308 km unpaved: 63,847 km (1999) 
Vietnam  total: 222,179 km paved: 42,167 km unpaved: 180,012 km (2004) 
Virgin Islands  total: 1,257 km (2004) 
West Bank  total: 4,996 km paved: 4,996 km note: includes Gaza Strip (2004) 
World  total: 32,345,165 km paved: 19,403,061 km unpaved: 12,942,104 km (2002) 
Yemen  total: 71,300 km paved: 6,200 km unpaved: 65,100 km (2005) 
Zambia  total: 91,440 km paved: 20,117 km unpaved: 71,323 km (2001) 
Zimbabwe  total: 97,440 km paved: 18,514 km unpaved: 78,926 km (2002) 

