driven off after a number of heads had been broken.
New York still remained doubtful. In fact, all of the colonies outside of Virginia and New Englandalthough containing strong patriot parties, animated by the most fiery zealwere as a whole somewhat lukewarm in the Revolution, for they contained also large Tory, and still larger neutral elements in their midst. If left to themselves it is even doubtful if at this precise time they would have revolted; they were pushed into independence by the Virginians and New Englanders. Not only was the Tory element in New York very large, but there was also a powerful body of Whigstypified by Schuyler and Gouverneur Morriswho furnished very able soldiers and statesmen when the actual fighting broke out, but who were thoroughly disgusted by the antics of the city mob; and though the major portion of this mob was rabidly anti-British as far as noise went, it was far more anxious to maltreat unhappy individual Tories than to provoke a life and death struggle with the troops and war-ships of the British king. Nor must it be forgotten that there were plenty of Tories in the mob itself, and these among the most abandoned and violent of the citys population.
The provincial legislature was as a body actively loyal to the king. But, in spite of the presence of