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CONTENTS · BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD
Alexander Pope (1688–1744).  Complete Poetical Works.  1903.
 
Translations from Homer
The Iliad
Book IX. The Embassy to Achilles
 
        
The Argument
  Agamemnon, after the last day’s defeat, proposes to the Greeks to quit the siege, and return to their country. Diomed opposes this, and Nestor seconds him, praising his wisdom and resolution. He orders the guard to be strengthened, and a council summoned to deliberate what measures were to be followed in this emergency. Agamemnon pursues this advice, and Nestor farther prevails upon him to send ambassadors to Achilles, in order to move him to a reconciliation. Ulysses and Ajax are made choice of, who are accompanied by old Phœnix. They make, each of them, very moving and pressing speeches, but are rejected with roughness by Achilles, who notwithstanding retains Phœnix in his tent. The ambassadors return unsuccessfully to the camp, and the troops betake themselves to sleep.
  This book, and the next following, take up the space of one night, which is the twenty-seventh from the beginning of the poem. The scene lies on the sea-shore, the station of the Grecian ships.

  THUS Troy maintain’d the watch of night:
While Fear, pale comrade of inglorious Flight,
And heav’n-bred Horror, on the Grecian part,
Sat on each face, and sadden’d ev’ry heart.
As from its cloudy dungeon issuing forth,        5
A double tempest of the west and north
Swells o’er the sea, from Thracia’s frozen shore,
Heaps waves on waves, and bids th’ Ægean roar;
This way and that the boiling deeps are toss’d;
Such various passions urged the troubled host.        10
Great Agamemnon griev’d above the rest;
Superior sorrows swell’d his royal breast;
Himself his orders to the heralds bears,
To bid to council all the Grecian peers,
But bid in whispers: these surround their Chief,        15
In solemn sadness and majestic grief.
The King amidst the mournful circle rose;
Down his wan cheek a briny torrent flows:
So silent fountains, from a rock’s tall head,
In sable streams soft-trickling waters shed.        20
With more than vulgar grief he stood oppress’d;
Words, mix’d with sighs, thus bursting from his breast:
  ‘Ye of Greece! partake your leader’s care,
Fellows in arms, and Princes of the war!
Of partial Jove too justly we complain,        25
And heav’nly oracles believ’d in vain.
A safe return was promis’d to our toils
With conquest honour’d, and enrich’d with spoils:
Now shameful flight alone can save the host,
Our wealth, our people, and our glory,        30
So Jove decrees, almighty Lord of all!
Jove, at whose nod whole empires rise or fall,
Who shakes the feeble props of human trust,
And towers and armies humbles to the dust.
Haste then, for ever quit these fatal fields,        35
Haste to the joys our native country yields;
Spread all your canvas, all your oars employ,
Nor hope the fall of Heav’n-defended Troy.’
  He said; deep silence held the Grecian band;
Silent, unmov’d, in dire dismay they stand,        40
A pensive scene! till Tydeus’ warlike son
Roll’d on the King his eyes, and thus begun:
  ‘When Kings advise us to renounce our fame,
First let him speak, who first has suffer’d shame.
If I oppose thee, Prince! thy wrath withhold;        45
The laws of council bid my tongue be bold.
Thou first, and thou alone, in fields of fight,
Durst brand my courage, and defame my might;
Nor from a friend th’ unkind reproach appear’d,
The Greeks stood witness, all our army heard.        50
The Gods, O Chief! from whom our honours spring,
The Gods have made thee but by halves a King:
They gave thee sceptres and a wide command,
They gave dominion o’er the seas and land;
The noblest power that might the world control        55
They gave thee not—a brave and virtuous soul.
Is this a gen’ral’s voice, that would suggest
Fears like his own in ev’ry Grecian breast?
Confiding in our want of worth he stands,
And if we fly, ’t is what our King commands.        60
Go thou, inglorious! from th’ embattled plain,
Ships thou hast, store, and nearest to the main;
A nobler care the Grecians shall employ,
To combat, conquer, and extirpate Troy.
Here Greece shall stay; or, if all Greece retire,        65
Myself will stay, till Troy or I expire;
Myself, and Sthenelus, will fight for fame;
God bade us fight, and ’t was with God we came.’
  He ceas’d; the Greeks loud acclamations raise,
And voice to voice resounds Tydides’ praise.        70
Wise Nestor then his rev’rend figure rear’d;
He spoke: the host in still attention heard:
  ‘O truly great! in whom the Gods have join’d
Such strength of body with such force of mind;
In conduct, as in courage, you excel,        75
Still first to act what you advise so well.
Those wholesome counsels which thy wisdom moves,
Applauding Greece, with common voice, approves.
Kings thou canst blame; a bold, but prudent youth;
And blame ev’n Kings with praise, because with truth.        80
And yet those fears that since thy birth have run,
Would hardly style thee Nestor’s youngest son.
Then let me add what yet remains behind,
A thought unfinish’d in that gen’rous mind;
Age bids me speak; nor shall th’ advice I bring        85
Distaste the people, or offend the King:
  ‘Curs’d is the man, and void of law and right,
Unworthy property, unworthy light,
Unfit for public rule, or private care,
That wretch, that monster, that delights in war:        90
Whose lust is murder, and whose horrid joy
To tear his country, and his kind destroy!
This night refresh and fortify thy train;
Between the trench and wall let guards remain:
Be that the duty of the young and bold;        95
But thou, O King, to council call the old:
Great is thy sway, and weighty are thy cares;
Thy high commands must spirit all our wars:
With Thracian wines recruit thy honour’d guests,
For happy counsels flow from sober feasts.        100
Wise, weighty counsels aid a state distress’d
And such a monarch as can choose the best.
See! what a blaze from hostile tents aspires,
How near our fleet approach the Trojan fires!
Who can, unmov’d, behold the dreadful light?        105
What eye beholds them, and can close to-night?
This dreadful interval determines all;
To-morrow, Troy must flame, or Greece must fall.’
  Thus spoke the hoary Sage: the rest obey;
Swift thro’ the gates the guards direct their way.        110
His son was first to pass the lofty mound,
The gen’rous Thrasymed, in arms renown’d:
Next him Ascalaphus, Ialmen, stood,
The double offspring of the Warrior-God.
Deïpyrus, Aphareus, Merion join,        115
And Lycomed, of Creon’s noble line.
Sev’n were the leaders of the nightly bands,
And each bold Chief a hundred spears commands.
The fires they light, to short repasts they fall,
Some line the trench, and others man the wall.        120
  The King of Men, on public counsels bent,
Convened the Princes in his ample tent;
Each seiz’d a portion of the kingly feast,
But stay’d his hand when thirst and hunger ceas’d.
Then Nestor spoke, for wisdom long approv’d,        125
And, slowly rising, thus the council mov’d:
  ‘Monarch of nations! whose superior sway
Assembled states and lords of earth obey,
The laws and sceptres to thy hand are giv’n,
And millions own the care of thee and Heav’n.        130
O King! the counsels of my age attend;
With thee my cares begin, with thee must end;
Thee, Prince! it fits alike to speak and hear,
Pronounce with judgment, with regard give ear,
To see no wholesome motion be withstood,        135
And ratify the best for public good.
Nor, tho’ a meaner give advice, repine,
But follow it, and make the wisdom thine.
Hear then a thought, not now conceiv’d in haste,
At once my present judgment, and my past:        140
When from Pelides’ tent you forced the Maid,
I first opposed, and, faithful, durst dissuade;
But, bold of soul, when headlong fury fired,
You wrong’d the man, by men and Gods admired:
Now seek some means his fatal wrath to end,        145
With prayers to move him, or with gifts to bend.’
  To whom the King: ‘With justice hast thou shewn
A Prince’s faults, and I with reason own.
That happy man whom Jove still honours most,
Is more than armies, and himself a host.        150
Bless’d in his love, this wondrous Hero stands;
Heav’n fights his war, and humbles all our bands.
Fain would my heart, which err’d thro’ frantic rage,
The wrathful Chief and angry Gods assuage.
If gifts immense his mighty soul can bow,        155
Hear, all ye Greeks, and witness what I vow:
Ten weighty talents of the purest gold,
And twice ten vases of refulgent mould;
Sev’n sacred tripods, whose unsullied frame
Yet knows no office, nor has felt the flame:        160
Twelve steeds unmatch’d in fleetness and in force,
And still victorious in the dusty course
(Rich were the man whose ample stores exceed
The prizes purchas’d by their winged speed):
Sev’n lovely captives of the Lesbian line,        165
Skill’d in each art, unmatch’d in form divine,
The same I chose for more than vulgar charms,
When Lesbos sunk beneath the hero’s arms:
All these, to buy his friendship, shall be paid,
And join’d with these the long-contested maid;        170
With all her charms, Briseës I resign,
And solemn swear those charms were never mine;
Untouch’d she staid, uninjured she removes,
Pure from my arms, and guiltless of my loves.
These instant shall be his; and if the Powers        175
Give to our arms proud Ilion’s hostile towers,
Then shall he store (when Greece the spoil divides)
With gold and brass his loaded navy’s sides.
Besides, full twenty nymphs of Trojan race
With copious love shall crown his warm embrace;        180
Such as himself will choose; who yield to none,
Or yield to Helen’s heav’nly charms alone.
Yet hear me farther: when our wars are o’er,
If safe we land on Argos’ fruitful shore,
There shall he live my son, our honours share,        185
And with Orestes’ self divide my care.
Yet more—three daughters in my court are bred,
And each well worthy of a royal bed,
Laodice and Iphigenia fair,
And bright Chrysothemis with golden hair:        190
Her let him choose whom most his eyes approve,
I ask no presents, no reward for love;
Myself will give the dower; so vast a store,
As never father gave a child before.
Sev’n ample cities shall confess his sway,        195
Him Enopé, and Pheræ him obey,
Cardamylé with ample turrets crown’d,
And sacred Pedasus for vines renown’d;
Æpea fair, the pastures Hira yields,
And rich Antheia with her flowery fields:        200
The whole extent to Pylos’ sandy plain,
Along the verdant margin of the main.
There heifers graze, and lab’ring oxen toil;
Bold are the men, and gen’rous is the soil;
There shall he reign with power and justice crown’d,        205
And rule the tributary realms around.
All this I give, his vengeance to control,
And sure all this may move his mighty soul.
Pluto, the grisly God, who never spares,
Who feels no mercy, and who hears no prayers,        210
Lives dark and dreadful in deep Hell’s abodes,
And mortals hate him as the worst of Gods.
Great tho’ he be, it fits him to obey:
Since more than his my years, and more my sway.’
  The Monarch thus: the rev’rend Nestor then:        215
‘Great Agamemnon! glorious King of Men!
Such are thy offers as a Prince may take,
And such as fits a gen’rous King to make.
Let chosen delegates this hour be sent
(Myself will name them) to Pelides’ tent:        220
Let Phænix lead, revered for hoary age,
Great Ajax next, and Ithacus the sage.
Yet more to sanctify the word you send,
Let Hodius and Eurybates attend.
Now pray to Jove to grant what Greece demands;        225
Pray, in deep silence, and with purest hands.’
  He said, and all approv’d. The heralds bring
The cleansing water from the living spring,
The youth with wine the sacred goblets crown’d,
And large libations drench’d the sands around.        230
The rite perform’d, the Chiefs their thirst allay,
Then from the royal tent they take their way;
Wise Nestor turns on each his careful eye,
Forbids t’ offend, instructs them to apply:
Much he advised them all, Ulysses most,        235
To deprecate the Chief, and save the host.
Thro’ the still night they march, and hear the roar
Of murm’ring billows on the sounding shore.
To Neptune, ruler of the seas profound,
Whose liquid arms the mighty globe surround,        240
They pour forth vows, their embassy to bless,
And calm the rage of stern Æacides.
And now arrived, where, on the sandy bay
The Myrmidonian tents and vessels lay,
Amused at ease, the godlike man they found,        245
Pleas’d with the solemn harp’s harmonious sound
(The well-wrought harp from conquer’d Thebæ came,
Of polish’d silver was its costly frame);
With this he soothes his angry soul, and sings
Th’ immortal deeds of heroes and of Kings.        250
Patroclus only of the royal train,
Placed in his tent, attends the lofty strain:
Full opposite he sat, and listen’d long
In silence waiting till he ceas’d the song.
Unseen the Grecian embassy proceeds        255
To his high tent; the great Ulysses leads.
Achilles starting, as the Chiefs he spied,
Leap’d from his seat, and laid the harp aside.
With like surprise arose Menætius’ son:
Pelides grasp’d their hands, and thus begun:        260
  ‘Princes, all hail! whatever brought you here,
Or strong necessity, or urgent fear;
Welcome, tho’ Greeks! for not as foes ye came;
To me more dear than all that bear the name.’
  With that, the Chiefs beneath his roof he led,        265
And placed in seats with purple carpets spread.
Then thus: ‘Patroclus, crown a larger bowl,
Mix purer wine, and open every soul.
Of all the warriors yonder host can send,
Thy friend most honours these, and these thy friend.’        270
  He said: Patroclus, o’er the blazing fire
Heaps in a brazen vase three chines entire:
The brazen vase Automedon sustains,
Which flesh of porket, sheep, and goat contains:
Achilles at the genial feast presides,        275
The parts transfixes, and with skill divides.
Meanwhile Patroclus sweats the fire to raise;
The tent is brighten’d with the rising blaze:
Then, when the languid flames at length subside,
He strews a bed of glowing embers wide,        280
Above the coals the smoking fragments turns,
And sprinkles sacred salt from lifted urns;
With bread the glitt’ring canisters they load,
Which round the board Menætius’ son bestow’d:
Himself, opposed t’ Ulysses full in sight,        285
Each portion parts, and orders every rite.
The first fat off’rings, to th’ immortals due,
Amidst the greedy flames Patroclus threw;
Then each indulging in the social feast,
His thirst and hunger soberly repress’d.        290
That done, to Phænix Ajax gave the sign;
Not unperceiv’d; Ulysses crown’d with wine
The foaming bowl, and instant thus began,
His speech addressing to the godlike man:
  ‘Health to Achilles! happy are thy guests!        295
Not those more honour’d whom Atrides feasts:
Tho’ gen’rous plenty crown thy loaded boards,
That, Agamemnon’s regal tent affords;
But greater cares sit heavy on our souls,
Not eased by banquets or by flowing bowls.        300
What scenes of slaughter in yon fields appear!
The dead we mourn, and for the living fear;
Greece on the brink of fate all doubtful stands,
And owns no help but from thy saving hands:
Troy and her aids for ready vengeance call;        305
Their threat’ning tents already shade our wall:
Hear how with shouts their conquest they proclaim,
And point at ev’ry ship their vengeful flame!
For them the Father of the Gods declares,
Theirs are his omens, and his Thunder theirs.        310
See, full of Jove, avenging Hector rise!
See! Heav’n and Earth the raging Chief defies;
What fury in his breast, what lightning in his eyes!
He waits but for the morn, to sink in flame
The ships, the Greeks, and all the Grecian name.        315
Heav’ns! how my country’s woes distract my mind,
Lest Fate accomplish all his rage design’d.
And must we, Gods! our heads inglorious lay
In Trojan dust, and this the fatal day?
Return, Achilles! oh return, tho’ late,        320
To save thy Greeks, and stop the course of Fate;
If in that heart or grief or courage lies,
Rise to redeem; ah yet, to conquer, rise!
The day may come, when, all our warriors slain,
That heart shall melt, that courage rise in vain.        325
Regard in time, O Prince divinely brave!
Those wholesome counsels which thy father gave.
When Peleus in his aged arms embraced
His parting son, these accents were his last:
“My child! with strength, with glory and success,        330
Thy arms may Juno and Minerva bless!
Trust that to Heav’n: but thou thy cares engage
To calm thy passions, and subdue thy rage:
From gentler manners let thy glory grow,
And shun contention, the sure source of woe;        335
That young and old may in thy praise combine,
The virtues of humanity be thine.”
This now despised advice thy father gave;
Ah! check thy anger, and be truly brave.
If thou wilt yield to great Atrides’ prayers,        340
Gifts worthy thee his royal hand prepares;
If not——but hear me, while I number o’er
The proffer’d presents, an exhaustless store.
Ten weighty talents of the purest gold;
And twice ten vases of refulgent mould;        345
Sev’n sacred tripods, whose unsullied frame
Yet knows no office, nor has felt the flame:
Twelve steeds unmatch’d in fleetness and in force,
And still victorious in the dusty course
(Rich were the man whose ample stores exceed        350
The prizes purchas’d by their winged speed):
Sev’n lovely captives of the Lesbian line,
Skill’d in each art, unmatch’d in form divine,
The same he chose more than vulgar charms,
When Lesbos sunk beneath thy conquering arms;        355
All these, to buy thy friendship, shall be paid,
And join’d with these the long-contested maid;
With all her charms, Briseïs he ’ll resign,
And solemn swear those charms were only thine;
Untouch’d she stay’d, uninjured she removes,        360
Pure from his arms, and guiltless of his loves.
These instant shall be thins: and if the Powers
Give to our arms proud Ilion’s hostile towers,
Then shalt thou store (when Greece the spoil divides)
With gold and brass thy loaded navy’s sides.        365
Besides, full twenty nymphs of Trojan race
With copious love shall crown thy warm embrace;
Such as thyself shalt choose; who yield to none,
Or yield to Helen’s heav’nly charms alone.
Yet hear me father: when our wars are o’er        370
If safe we land on Argos’s fruitful shore,
There shalt thou live his son, his honours share,
And with Orestes’ self divide his care.
Yet more—three daughters in his court are bred,
And each well worthy of a royal bed;        375
Laodice and Iphigenia fair,
And bright Chrysothemis with golden hair;
Her shalt thou wed whom most thy eyes approve;
He asks no presents, no reward for love:
Himself will give the dower: so vast a store,        380
As never father gave a child before.
Sev’n ample cities shall confess thy sway,
Thee Enopé, and Pheræ thee obey,
Cardamyle with ample turrets crown’d,
And sacred Pedasus, for vines renown’d:        385
Æpea fair, the pastures Hira yields,
And rich Antheia with her flowery fields:
The whole extent to Pylos’ sandy plain
Along the verdant margin of the main.
There heifers graze, and lab’ring oxen toil;        390
Bold are the men, and gen’rous is the soil.
There shalt thou reign with power and justice crown’d,
And rule the tributary realms around.
Such are the proffers which this day we bring,
Such the repentance of a suppliant King.        395
But if all this, relentless, thou disdain,
If honour and if int’rest plead in vain;
Yet some redress to suppliant Greece afford,
And be, amongst her guardian Gods, ador’d.
If no regard thy suffer’ing country claim,        400
Hear thy own glory, and the voice of Fame:
For now that Chief, whose unresisted ire
Made nations tremble, and whole hosts retire,
Proud Hector, now, th’ unequal fight demands,
And only triumphs to deserve thy hands.’        405
  Then thus the Goddess-born: ‘Ulysses, hear
A faithful speech, that knows nor art nor fear;
What in my secret soul is understood,
My tongue shall utter, and my deeds make good.
Let Greece then know, my purpose I retain,        410
Nor with new treaties vex my peace in vain.
Who dares think one thing, and another tell,
My heart detests him as the gates of Hell.
  ‘Then thus in short my fix’d resolves attend,
Which nor Atrides, nor his Greeks, can bend:        415
Long toils, long perils, in their cause I bore;
But now th’ unfruitful glories charm no more.
Fight or not fight, a like reward we claim,
The wretch hero find their prize the same,
Alike regretted in the dust he lies,        420
Who yields ignobly, or who bravely dies.
Of all my dangers, all my glorious pains,
A life of labours, lo! what fruit remains?
As the bold bird her helpless young attends,
From danger guards them, and from want defends;        425
In search of prey she wings the spacious air,
And with th’ untasted food supplies her care:
For thankless Greece such hardships have I braved,
Her wives, her infants, by my labours saved;
Long sleepless nights in heavy arms I stood,        430
And sweat laborious days in dust and blood.
I sack’d twelve ample cities on the main,
And twelve lay smoking on the Trojan plain:
Then at Atrides’ haughty feet were laid
The wealth I gather’d, and the spoils I made.        435
Your mighty monarch these in peace possess’d;
Some few my soldiers had, himself the rest.
Some present too to ev’ry Prince was paid;
And ev’ry Prince enjoys the gift he made;
I only must refund of all his train;        440
See what preëminence our merits gain!
My spoil alone his greedy soul delights;
My spouse alone must bless his lustful nights:
The woman, let him (as he may) enjoy;
But what ’s the quarrel then of Greece to Troy?        445
What to these shores th’ assembled nations draws,
What calls for vengeance but a woman’s cause?
Are fair endowments and a beauteous face
Belov’d by none but those of Atreus’ race?
The wife whom choice and passion both approve,        450
Sure ev’ry wise and worthy man will love.
Nor did my fair one less distinction claim;
Slave as she was, my soul ador’d the dame.
Wrong’d in my love, all proffers I disdain;
Deceiv’d for once, I trust not Kings again.        455
Ye have my answer. What remains to do,
Your Kings, Ulysses, may consult with you.
What needs he the defence this arm can make?
Has he not walls no human force can shake?
Has he not fenc’d his guarded navy round        460
With piles, with ramparts, and a trench profound?
And will not these (the wonders he has done)
Repel the rage of Priam’s single son?
There was a time (’t was when for Greece I fought)
When Hector’s prowess no such wonders wrought;        465
He kept the verge of Troy, nor dared to wait
Achilles’ fury at the Scæan gate;
He tried it once, and scarce was saved by Fate.
But now those ancient enmities are o’er;
To-morrow we the fav’ring Gods implore;        470
Then shall you see our parting vessels crown’d,
And hear with oars the Hellespont resound.
The third day hence, shall Phthia greet our sails,
If mighty Neptune send propitious gales;
Phthia to her Achilles shall restore        475
The wealth he left for this detested shore:
Thither the spoils of this long war shall pass,
The ruddy gold, the steel, and shining brass;
My beauteous captives thither I ’ll convey,
And all that rests of my unravish’d prey,        480
One only valued gift your tyrant gave,
And that resumed; the fair Lyrnessian slave.
Then tell him, loud, that all the Greeks may hear,
And learn to scorn the wretch they basely fear
(For, arm’d in impudence, mankind he braves,        485
And meditates new cheats on all his slaves;
Tho’, shameless as he is, to face these eyes
Is what he dares not; if he dares, he dies);
Tell him, all terms, all commerce I decline,
Nor share his council, nor his battle join;        490
For once deceiv’d, was his; but twice, were mine.
No—let the stupid Prince, whom Jove deprives
Of sense and justice, run where frenzy drives;
His gifts are hateful: Kings of such a kind
Stand but as slaves before a noble mind.        495
Not tho’ he proffer’d all himself possess’d,
And all his rapine could from others wrest:
Not all the golden tides of wealth that crown
The many-peopled Orchomenian town;
Not all proud Thebes’ unrivall’d walls contain,        500
The world’s great Empress on th’ Egyptian plain
(That spreads her conquests o’er a thousand states,
And pours her Heroes thro’ a hundred gates,
Two hundred horsemen and two hundred cars
From each wide portal issuing to the wars);        505
Tho’ bribes were heap’d on bribes, in number more
Than dust in fields, or sands along the shore;
Should all these offers for my friendship call;
’T is he that offers, and I scorn them all.
Atrides’ daughter never shall be led        510
(An ill-match’d consort) to Achilles’ bed;
Like golden Venus tho’ she charm’d the heart,
And vied with Pallas in the works of art.
Some greater Greek let those high nuptials grace,
I hate alliance with a tyrant’s race.        515
If Heav’n restore me to my realms with life,
The rev’rend Peleus shall elect my wife;
Thessalian nymphs there are, of form divine,
And Kings that sue to mix their blood with mine.
Bless’d in kind love, my years shall glide away,        520
Content with just hereditary sway;
There, deaf forever to the martial strife,
Enjoy the dear prerogative of life.
Life is not to be bought with heaps of gold;
Not all Apollo’s Pythian treasures hold,        525
Or Troy once held, in peace and pride of sway,
Can bribe the poor possession of a day!
Lost herds and treasures we by arms regain,
And steeds unrivall’d on the dusty plain:
But from our lips the vital spirit fled,        530
Returns no more to wake the silent dead.
My Fates long since by Thetis were disclosed,
And each alternate, Life or Fame, proposed:
Here if I stay, before the Trojan town,
Short is my date, but deathless my renown;        535
If I return, I quit immortal praise
For years on years, and long-extended days.
Convinc’d, tho’ late, I find my fond mistake,
And warn the Greeks the wiser choice to make;
To quit these shores, their native seats enjoy,        540
Nor hope the fall of Heav’n-defended Troy.
Jove’s arm display’d asserts her from the skies;
Her hearts are strengthen’d, and her glories rise.
Go then, to Greece report our fix’d design:
Bid all your councils, all your armies join,        545
Let all your forces, all your arts conspire,
To save the ships, the troops, the Chiefs, from fire.
One stratagem has fail’d, and others will:
Ye find Achilles is unconquer’d still.
Go then: digest my message as ye may:        550
But here this night let rev’rend Phænix stay:
His tedious toils and hoary hairs demand
A peaceful death in Phthia’s friendly land.
But whether he remain, or sail with me,
His age be sacred, and his will be free.’        555
  The son of Peleus ceas’d: the Chiefs around
In silence wrapp’d, in consternation drown’d,
Attend the stern reply. Then Phænix rose
(Down his white beard a stream of sorrow flows),
And while the fate of suff’ring Greece he mourn’d,        560
With accent weak these tender words return’d:
  ‘Divine Achilles! wilt thou then retire,
And leave our hosts in blood, our fleets on fire?
If wrath so dreadful fill thy ruthless mind,
How shall thy friend, thy Phænix, stay behind?        565
The royal Peleus, when from Phthia’s coast
He sent thee early to th’ Achaian host;
Thy youth as then in sage debates unskill’d,
And new to perils of the direful field;
He bade me teach thee all the ways of war;        570
To shine in councils, and in camps to dare.
Never, ah never, let me leave thy side!
No time shall part us, and no Fate divide.
Not tho’ the God, that breathed my life, restore
The bloom I boasted, and the port I bore,        575
When Greece of old beheld my youthful flames
(Delightful Greece, the land of lovely dames).
My father, faithless to my mother’s arms,
Old as he was, ador’d a stranger’s charms.
I tried what youth could do (at her desire)        580
To win the damsel, and prevent my sire.
My sire with curses loads my hated head,
And cries, “Ye Furies! barren be his bed.”
Infernal Jove, the vengeful fiends below,
And ruthless Proserpine, confirm’d his vow.        585
Despair and grief attract my lab’ring mind;
Gods! what a crime my impious heart design’d!
I thought (but some kind God that thought suppress’d)
To plunge the poniard in my father’s breast:
Then meditate my flight; my friends in vain        590
With prayers entreat me, and with force detain.
On fact of rams, black bulls, and brawny swine,
They daily feast, with draughts of fragrant wine:
Strong guards they placed, and watch’d nine nights entire:
The roofs and porches flamed with constant fire.        595
The tenth, I fore’d the gates, unseen of all:
And, favour’d by the night, o’erleap’d the wall.
My travels thence thro’ spacious Greece extend:
In Phthia’s court at last my labours end.
Your sire receiv’d me, as his son caress’d,        600
With gifts enrich’d, and with possessions bless’d.
The strong Dolopians thenceforth own’d my reign,
And all the coast that runs along the main.
By love to thee his bounties I repaid,
And early wisdom to thy soul convey’d:        605
Great as thou art, my lessons made thee brave,
A child I took thee, but a hero gave.
Thy infant breast a like affection shew’d:
Still in my arms (an ever-pleasing load),
Or at my knee, by Phænix wouldst thou stand;        610
No food was grateful but from Phænix’ hand.
I pass my watchings o’er thy helpless years,
The tender labours, the compliant cares;
The Gods (I thought) revers’d their hard decree,
And Phænix felt a father’s joys in thee:        615
Thy growing virtues justified my cares,
And promis’d comfort to my silver hairs.
Now be thy rage, thy fatal rage, resign’d;
A cruel heart ill suits a manly mind:
The Gods (the only great, and only wise)        620
Are mov’d by off’rings, vows, and sacrifice;
Offending man their high compassion wins,
And daily prayers atone for daily sins.
Prayers are Jove’s daughters, of celestial race,
Lame are their feet, and wrinkled is their face;        625
With humble mien, and with dejected eyes,
Constant they follow where Injustice flies:
Injustice, swift, erect, and unconfin’d,
Sweeps the wide earth, and tramples o’er mankind,
While Prayers, to heal her wrongs, move slow behind.        630
Who hears these daughters of almighty Jove,
For him they mediate to the throne above:
When man rejects the humble suit they make,
The sire revenges for the daughters’ sake;
From Jove commission’d, fierce Injustice then        635
Descends, to punish unrelenting men.
Oh let not headlong passion bear the sway;
These reconciling Goddesses obey:
Due honours to the seed of Jove belong;
Due honours calm the fierce and bend the strong.        640
Were these not paid thee by the terms we bring,
Were rage still harbour’d in the haughty King,
Nor Greece, nor all her fortunes, should engage
Thy friend to plead against so just a rage.
But since what honour asks, the Gen’ral sends,        645
And sends by those whom most thy heart commends,
The best and noblest of the Grecian train;
Permit not these to sue, and sue in vain!
Let me (my son) an ancient fact unfold,
A great example drawn from times of old;        650
Hear what our fathers were, and what their praise,
Who conquer’d their revenge in former days.
  ‘Where Calydon on rocky mountains stands,
Once fought th’ Ætolian and Curetian bands;
To guard it those, to conquer these, advance;        655
And mutual deaths were dealt with mutual chance.
The silver Cynthia bade Contention rise,
In vengeance of neglected sacrifice;
On Œneus’ fields she sent a monstrous boar,
That levell’d harvests and whole forests tore:        660
This beast (when many a Chief his tusks had slain)
Great Meleager stretch’d along the plain.
Then, for his spoils, a new debate arose,
The neighbour nations thence commencing foes.
Strong as they were, the bold Curetes fail’d,        665
While Meleager’s thund’ring arm prevail’d:
Till rage at length inflamed his lofty breast
(For rage invades the wisest and the best).
Curs’d by Althæa, to his wrath he yields,
And, in his wife’s embrace, forgets the fields.        670
  ‘(She from Marpessa sprung, divinely fair,
And matchless Idas, more than man in war;
The God of Day adored the mother’s charms;
Against the God the father bent his arms:
Th’ afflicted pair, their sorrows to proclaim,        675
From Cleopatra changed this daughter’s name,
And call’d Alcyone; a name to shew
The father’s grief, the mourning mother’s woe.)
To her the Chief retired from stern debate,
But found no peace from fierce Althæa’s hate:        680
Althæa’s hate th’ unhappy warrior drew,
Whose luckless hand his royal uncle slew;
She beat the ground, and call’d the Powers beneath
On her own son to wreak her brother’s death:
Hell heard her curses from the realms profound,        685
And the red fiends that walk’d the nightly round.
In vain Ætolia her deliv’rer waits,
War shakes her walls, and thunders at her gates.
She sent ambassadors, a chosen band,
Priests of the Gods, and elders of the land,        690
Besought the Chief to save the sinking state:
Their prayers were urgent, and their proffers great;
(Full fifty acres of the richest ground,
Half pasture green, and half with vineyards crown’d).
His suppliant father, aged Œneus, came;        695
His sisters follow’d: ev’n the vengeful dame
Althæa sues; his friends before him fall:
He stands relentless, and rejects them all.
Meanwhile the victors’ shouts ascend the skies;
The walls are scaled; the rolling flames arise;        700
At length his wife (a form divine) appears,
With piercing cries, and supplicating tears;
She paints the horrors of a conquer’d town,
The heroes slain, the palaces o’erthrown,
The matrons ravish’d, the whole race enslaved:        705
The warrior heard, he vanquish’d, and he saved.
Th’ Ætolians, long disdain’d, now took their turn,
And left the Chief their broken faith to mourn.
Learn hence, betimes to curb pernicious ire,
Nor stay, till yonder fleets ascend in fire:        710
Accept the presents; draw thy conquering sword;
And be amongst our guardian Gods ador’d.’
  Thus he: the stern Achilles thus replied:
‘My second father, and my rev’rend guide!
Thy friend, believe me, no such gifts demands,        715
And asks no honours from a mortal’s hands:
Jove honours me, and favours my designs:
His pleasure guides me, and his will confines:
And here I stay (if such his high behest)
While life’s warm spirit beats within my breast.        720
Yet hear one word, and lodge it in thy heart;
No more molest me on Atrides’ part:
Is it for him these tears are taught to flow,
For him these sorrows? for my mortal foe?
A gen’rous friendship no cold medium knows,        725
Burns with one love, with one resentment glows;
One should our int’rests, and our passions, be;
My friend must hate the man that injures me.
Do this, my Phœnix, ’t is a gen’rous part,
And share my realms, my honours, and my heart.        730
Let these return: our voyage, or our stay,
Rest undetermin’d till the dawning day.’
  He ceas’d: then order’d for the sage’s bed
A warmer couch with numerous carpets spread.
With that, stern Ajax his long silence broke,        735
And thus, impatient, to Ulysses spoke:
  ‘Hence let us go—why waste we time in vain?
See what effect our low submissions gain!
Liked or not liked, his words we must relate,
The Greeks expect them, and our heroes wait.        740
Proud as he is, that iron heart retains
Its stubborn purpose, and his friends disdains.
Stern, and unpitying! if a brother bleed,
On just atonement, we remit the deed;
A sire the slaughter of his son forgives;        745
The price of blood discharged, the murd’rer lives:
The haughtiest hearts at length their rage resign,
And gifts can conquer ev’ry soul but thine:
The Gods that unrelenting breast have steel’d,
And curs’d thee with a mind that cannot yield.        750
One woman-slave was ravish’d from thy arms:
Lo, sev’n are offer’d, and of equal charms.
Then hear, Achilles! be of better mind;
Revere thy roof, and to thy guests be kind;
And know the men, of all the Grecian host        755
Who honour worth, and prize thy valour most.’
  ‘Oh Soul of Battles, and thy people’s guide!’
(To Ajax thus the first of Greeks replied)
‘Well hast thou spoke; but at the tyrant’s name
My rage rekindles and my soul’s on flame;        760
’T is just resentment, and becomes the brave;
Disgraced, dishonour’d, like the vilest slave!
Return then, Heroes! and our answer bear,
The glorious combat is no more my care;
Not till amidst yon sinking navy slain,        765
The blood of Greeks shall dye the sable main;
Not till the flames, by Hector’s fury thrown,
Consume your vessels, and approach my own;
Just there, th’ impetuous homicide shall stand,
There cease his battle, and there feel our hand.’        770
  This said, each Prince a double goblet crown’d,
And cast a large libation on the ground:
Then to their vessels, thro’ the gloomy shades,
The Chiefs return; divine Ulysses leads.
Meantime Achilles’ slaves prepared a bed,        775
With fleeces, carpets, and soft linen spread:
There, till the sacred morn restor’d the day,
In slumbers sweet the rev’rend Phœnix lay,
But in his inner tent, an ampler space,
Achilles slept: and in his warm embrace        780
Fair Diomede of the Lesbian race.
Last, for Patroclus was the couch prepared,
Whose nightly joys the beauteous Iphis shared:
Achilles to his friend consign’d her charms,
When Scyros fell before his conquering arms.        785
  And now th’ elected Chiefs, whom Greece had sent,
Pass’d thro’ the hosts, and reach’d the royal tent.
Then rising all, with goblets in their hands,
The peers, and leaders of th’ Achaian bands,
Hail’d their return: Atrides first begun:        790
  ‘Say, what success? divine Laërtes’ son!
Achilles’ high resolves declare to all:
Returns the Chief, or must our navy fall?’
  ‘Great King of Nations!’ (Ithacus replied)
‘Fix’d is his wrath, unconquer’d is his pride;        795
He slights thy friendship, thy proposals scorns,
And, thus implor’d, with fiercer fury burns.
To save our army, and our fleets to free,
Is not his care; but left to Greece and thee.
Your eyes shall view, when morning paints the sky,        800
Beneath his oars the whitening billows fly.
Us too he bids our oars and sails employ,
Nor hope the fall of Heav’n-protected Troy;
For Jove o’ershades her with his arm divine,
Inspires her war, and bids her glory shine.        805
Such was his word: what farther he declared,
These sacred heralds and great Ajax heard.
But Phœnix in his tent the Chief retains,
Safe to transport him to his native plains,
When morning dawns; if other he decree,        810
His age is sacred, and his choice is free.’
  Ulysses ceas’d: the great Achaian host,
With sorrow seiz’d, in consternation lost,
Attend the stern reply. Tydides broke
The gen’ral silence, and undaunted spoke:        815
‘Why should we gifts to proud Achilles send?
Or strive with prayers his haughty soul to bend?
His country’s woes he glories to deride,
And prayers will burst that swelling heart with pride.
Be the fierce impulse of his rage obey’d;        820
Our battles let him or desert or aid;
Then let him arm when Jove or he think fit;
That, to his madness, or to Heav’n, commit:
What for ourselves we can, is always ours:
This night, let due repast refresh our powers;        825
(For strength consists in spirits and in blood,
And those are owed to gen’rous wine and food);
But when the rosy Messenger of Day
Strikes the blue mountains with her golden ray,
Ranged at the ships let all our squadrons shine,        830
In flaming arms, a long extended line:
In the dread front let great Atrides stand,
The first in danger, as in high command.’
  Shouts of acclaim the list’ning heroes raise,
Then each to Heav’n the due libations pays;        835
Till sleep, descending o’er the tents, bestows
The grateful blessings of desired repose.
 
 
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