Nonfiction > Henry Craik, ed. > English Prose > Vol. I. Fourteenth to Sixteenth Century
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Henry Craik, ed.  English Prose.  1916.
Vol. I. Fourteenth to Sixteenth Century
 
Whitehall
By John Stow (1525?–1605)
 
From the Survey of London

SOUTH from Charing Cross, on the right hand, are divers fair houses lately built before the park, then a large tiltyard for noblemen, and other, to exercise themselves in justing, turning, and fighting at barriers.
  1
  On the left hand from Charing Cross be also divers fair tenements lately built, till ye come to a large plot of ground inclosed with brick, and is called Scotland, where great buildings have been for receipt of the kings of Scotland, and other estates of that country; for Margaret, queen of Scots, and sister to King Henry VIII., had her abiding there, when she came into England after the death of her husband, as the kings of Scotland had in former times, when they came to the parliament of England.  2
  Then is the said Whitehall, sometime belonging to Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent, and justice of England, who gave it to the Black Friars in Oldborne, as I have before noted. King Henry VIII. ordained it to be called an honour, and built there a sumptuous gallery and a beautiful gate-house, thwart the high street to St. James’ park, etc.  3
  In this gallery, the princes, with their nobility, used to stand or sit, and at windows, to behold all triumphant justings and other military exercises.  4
  Beyond this gallery, on the left hand, is the garden or orchard belonging to the said Whitehall.  5
  On the right hand be divers fair tennis-courts, bowling-alleys, and a cock-pit, all built by King Henry VIII., and then one other arched gate, with a way over it, thwarting the street from the king’s gardens to the said park.  6
  From this gate up King’s street to a bridge over Long ditch (so called for that the same almost insulateth the city of Westminster), near which bridge is a way leading to Chanon row, so called for that the same belonged to the dean and chanons of St. Stephen’s chapel, who were there lodged, as now divers noblemen and gentlemen be; whereof one is belonging to Sir Edward Hobbey, one other to John Thine, esquire, one stately built by Ann Stanhope, duchess of Somerset, mother to the earl of Hartford, who now enjoyeth that house. Next a stately house now in building by William earl of Darby; over against the which is a fair house, built by Henry Clinton, earl of Lincoln.  7
  From this way up to the Woolestaple and to the high tower, or gate which entereth the palace court, all is replenished with buildings and inhabitants.  8
 
 
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