[For a good bibliography of Addison, see Selections from the writings of Joseph Addison, edited by Wendell, Barrett and Greenough, Chester Noues. Athenaeum Press Series, n.d.]
A. Collected Works
The Works of Joseph Addison, Esq. Collected by Tickell, T. 4 vols. 1721.
The Works of The Late Right Honourable Joseph Addison, Esq. Printed by Baskerville, J. With a Complete Index. 4 vols. Birmingham, 1761.
The Works of the Right Hon. Joseph Addison. A New Edition with Notes. By Hurd, Richard (bp. of Worcester). 6 vols. 1811. New ed. (Bohns Standard Library.) 6 vols. 1856.
The Works of Joseph Addison, including the whole contents of Bishop Hurds edition, with letters and other pieces not found in any previous collection; and Macaulays essay on his life and works. Ed., with critical and explanatory notes, Greene, G. W. 6 vols. New York, 1856.
B. Particular (including Dramatic) Works
Addisons most important Latin poems are Sphaeristerium; Machinae Gesticulantes, Anglicè A puppet-show; Resurrectio delineata ad Altare Col. Magd.; Barometri Descriptio; Insignissimo viro Thomae Burnet (also translated in Mr. Addisons fine ode to Dr. Thomas Burnet on his sacred theory of the earth done into English by the author of a late tale called Coffee, 1727); Praelium inter Pygmaeos et grues commissum. All these appeared in Examen Poeticum Duplex: sive Musarum Anglicanarum Delectus Alter; Cui subjicitur Epigrammatum seu Poematum Minorum Specimen Novum
1698; and in Musarum Anglicanarum Analecta: Sive Poemata quaedam melioris notae, seu hactenus Inedita, seu sparsim Edita. 2 vols. 1699. (Vol. II.)
Translations of Praelium and of Machinae Gesticulantes appeared as Battle of the Pygmies and Cranes and The Puppet-Show, 1716, and were added to 4th edn of Miscellanies in Prose and Verse, 1721. All the above mentioned were rptd with translations in Miscellanea, 1818.
The Fourth Book of Georgics (except the story of Aristeus); the Song for St. Cecilias Day at Oxford; Story of Salmacis, from the Fourth Book of Ovids Metamorphoses; An Account of the Greatest English Poets, appeared in The Annual Miscellany: For the Year 1694. Being the Fourth Part of Miscellany Poems. Containing Great Variety of New Translations and Original Copies By the most Eminent Hands, 1694.
The Story of Phaeton, beginning the Second Book of Ovids Metamorphoses, and Europas Rape: translated from Ovid, both pieces followed by Notes on the foregoing Story; Miltons Stile imitated, in a Translation of a Story out of the Third Aeneid; The Third Book of Ovids Metamorphoses, appeared in Poetical Miscellanies: The Fifth Part
A Letter from Italy to Charles, Lord Halifax. Rptd in Tonsons Miscellany, part V, 1704; separately, 1709. Transl. into Latin Hexameters by Murphy, A. 1799. [Wendell and Greenough suggest 1703 for its date; but see Addisoni Epistola, missa ex Italia ad illustrem Dominum Halifax anno 1701.]
The Campaign, A Poem, To His Grace the Duke of Marlborough. By Mr. Addison. 1705. With Latin version Expeditio militaris, by T. G. 1708.
Remarks On Several Parts of Italy in the Years 1701, 1702, 1703. 1705, and many subsequent edns. Rpts: Moore, J. H. in A New
Collection of Voyages, vol. II, 1785(?); Mayor, W. F. in General Collection of Voyages and Travels, 1810. French trans. by Misson, F. M.: Remarques sur divers endroits de lItalie, 1722.
A Table of all the accurate remarks and surprising Discoveries of the most learned and ingenious Mr. Addison, 1706, [satirical]. See Somers, J., A Collection of Scarce and Valuable Tracts, vol. 1, 1748, and vol. XII in ed. 1809.
Le Clerc, J. Observations upon Mr. Addisons Travels through Italy. 1715.
Most of Addisons early work, including translations, was rptd. in Poems on Se eral occasions with a dissertation upon the Roman Poets, 1719; and, with Tentamen de Scriptis Addisonianis, by R. Young, with Engl. trans., in Poems on several Occasions by Mr. Addison, 1724.
Rosamond. An Opera. 1707. With the Opera of Operas: or Tom Thumb the Great, 1743.
Tickell, T. To Mr. Addison on his opera of Rosamond. In Works of the most celebrated Minor Poets, 1749.
Cato. A Tragedy. As it is Acted at the Theatre-Royal in Drury-Lane, By Her Majestys Servants. By Mr. Addison. MDCCXIII. Rpts. [without the love scenes] English and Latin, 1764; Bells British Theatre, vol. III, 1776; ptd
. from the prompt book. With remarks by Mrs. Inchbald, 1806; adapted to the stage by J. P. Kemble, 1811.
Translations: French: Guillemard, G., 1767; de La Bruère, C., 1789; Camarsac, G., 1814. German: Gottsched, L. A. V., 1735; anon., 1763; Gottsched J. C. (Louise G.s husband), produced, 1731, Der Sterbende Cato, for the most part copied from Caton dUtique by Deschamps, J. (1715), but with ending adapted from Addisons drama. Italian: Salvini, A. M., 1715, 1725; Corinteo, P.-A. [i. e. Golt, G.], 1776.
Parodies: Parody on Catos Soliloquy (act IV, sc. 1), 1785, (?); Steere, W. Billings Gate, 1860.
Comments and criticisms: Dennis, J., Remarks upon Cato, 1713; The Life and Character of
Cato . . Designd for the Readers of Cato, a Tragedy, 1713; Cato examined: or, animadversions on the fable or plot
of the new tragedy of Cato. Dedicated to Joseph Addison, 1713; Mr. Addison turnd Tory; or, the scene inverted, wherein it is made appear that the Whigs have misunderstood that author in his tragedy calld Cato
to which are added some cursory remarks upon the play itself. By a gentleman of Oxford, 1713. [All four pamphlets were rptd. in one vol. in same year.] The Unfortunate general
together with a key or explanation of the new play called Cato, a tragedy, 1713(?). Sewell, G. A., Vindication of the English stage, exemplified in the Cato of Mr. Addison, 1716; Tickell, T., To Mr. Addison on his Tragedy of Cato. In Works of the most celebrated Minor Poets, vol. II, 1749. A parallel betwixt the Tragedy of Cato
by Mr. Addison and the Cato of Utica by Mr. Des Champs, 1719.
The Drummer; Or, the Haunted House. A Comedy. As it is Acted at the Theatre-Royal in Drury-Lane. 1716. 2nd edn, with preface by Sir R. Steele, Dedicated to William Congreve
occasioned by Mr. Tickells preface to Addisons Works, 1721. Rptd in Bells British Theatre, vol. II, 1776. [Plot founded on story of the drummer of Tedworth, recounted in Sadducismus Triumphatus by Glanvil (see ante, Vol. VII, Chap. XVI).]
Translations: French: Destouches, N., 1733; Desgranges, D., 1737.
German: In Gottsched, J. C., Die deutsche Schaübuhne Bd. 2, 1742; Gottsched, L. A. V., Ein Lustspiel des Herrn Addison nach dem Französischen des Herrn Destouches übersetzt, 1764. Italian: anon., 1750.
Dialogues upon the Usefulness of Ancient Medals. [Probably composed 17035.] First published in Tickells ed. of Addisons Works. Vol. 1. 1721.
French trans. in vol. II of De LAllégorie, ou Traités sur cette matière par Winckelmann, Addison, Sulzer, an VII de la République Françoise. See, also, Remarques sur les Dialogues dAddison by Gibbon, E., rptd. in the above. originally composed in French at Lausanne. [Miscellaneous Works of Edward Gibbon, 1696. Vol. IIPièces Détachées.]
Of the Christian Religion. Ibid. vol. IV. Rptd. as Evidences of the Christian Religion by Joseph Addison
to which are added several discourses against atheism and infidelity and in defence of the Christian Revelation
. 1730. Latin trans. by Seigneux de Correvon, G. 1746.
A Discourse On Ancient and Modern Learning. By the late
Joseph Addison, Esq.; Now first published from an Original Manuscript. 1739. [Of doubtful authenticity.]
Collection of the Psalms
Mr. Addison. 1756.
The Tatler. See under II. Steele.
The Spectator. Begun 1 March 1711; appeared daily in a series of 555 nos. till 6 Dec. 1712, surviving imposition of stamp duty, 1 Aug., 1712. [See No. 445.] Addison contributed 274 papers, all signed by one of the letters of C L I O. In 1714 The Spectator was revived 18 June29 September, possibly by Budgell (D. N. B.), and Addison contributed 24 papers.
Rptd in seven octavo vols., 171213 (see Wendell and Greenough, below, on the chronological order of the vols.), vol. VIII being added in 1715. The complete edition, frequently rptd. in eighteenth century, also in British Classics, 1803, vols. VXII; Chalmers, A., British Essayists, vols. VIXV, 1817; vols. VXII, 1823 and 1856; Lynam, R., British Essayists, vols. IVIX, 1827; Smith, G. G. with introd. essay by Dobson, A., 18978; Aitken, G. A. [with introd., notes, etc.], 1898. See, also, C[ampbell], J. D., Some portions of Essays. Contributed to the Spectator by
Joseph Addison, now first printed from his MS. Note Book, 1864.
Translations: French, 1746. The Spectator inspired what were, virtually, imitations in German e. g. Diskurse der Maler, 17213; Bodmer and Breitinger, Die Maler der Sitten, Zürich, 1729; both rptd 1746, as Die Maler der Sitten; Neue Beiträge), zum Vergnügen des Verstancles und Witzes (generally called Bremer Beiträge Bremen und Leipzig, 174559; Gerstenberg, Der Hypochondrist, 1763; Moser, Justus, Osnabrückische Intelligenzblätter, 1768.
See Milberg E., Die moralischen Wochenschriften des 18 Jhts. Ein Beitrag zur deutschen Literaturgesch
Meissen; Kawcynski, M., Studien zur Literurgesch. des XVIII Jhts., Moralische Zeitschriften, Leipzig, 1880; Koch, M., Uber die Beiziehungen der Englischen Literatur zur deutschen in 18 Jht., Leipzig, 1883.
Selections and Commentaries: Arnold, T., Oxford, 1866; Auszug des Englischen Zuschauers, nach einer neuen Uebersetzung, 17823; Dobson, A., 1906; Ewald, A. C., 1887; Green, J. R., 1880, last edn 1910 (G.T.S.); Les Beautés du Spectateur
en anglais et en français, 1804; Mézières, M. L., Encyclopédie Morale, ou choix des Essais du Spectateur, du Babillard et du Tuteur, 1826; Wendell, B. and Greenough, C. N., 1905 (Athenaeum Press Series), n. d.
Mottos: Mottoes in Five Volumes of The Tatler and to the Two Volumes of Spectators, Latin and English, 1712; The Mottoes to the Spectators, Tatlers, and Guardians, translated into English, 2nd edn., 1737.
Milton Papers: Bodmer, J. J., Critische Abhandlung
des Gedichtes J. Miltons von dem verlohrnen Paradiese; der beygefüget ist Joseph Addisons Abhandlung von den Schönheiten in demselben Gedichte, 1740; Cook, A. S., Criticisms on P. L., 1892; Lille, J. de, Paradise Lost
(Remarques dAddison sur le Paradis Perdu), 1805; Mariottini, F., Critiche di Mr. Addison al P. P., 1894; Morley, H., Criticisms on Milton by J. A., 1886; Paraiso Perdido
com o Paraiso Restaurado
e as observaçoes de M. Addison sobre o Paraiso Perdido, 1789; Paraiso Perdido
coñ notas de Addison, 1882; Rolli, P., Note sopra i dodici libri del Paradiso Perduto, 1742; Scolari, F., Saggio di Critica sul Paradiso Perduto
e sulle annotazioni di Giuseppe Addison, 1818.
Ballad Papers: See A Comment upon the history of Tom Thumb, 1711 (in ridicule of Addisons essays on Chevy Chase).
Coverley Papers: Duke, R. E. H., Reflection on the Character and Doings of the Sir Roger le Coverley of Addison, 1990.
See Lillie, C., Original and Genuine Letters sent to the Tatler and Spectator, 1725.
The Medleys for the year 1711. To which are prefixed the five Whig-Examiners. 1712. [The Whig-Examiner was by Addison. The Medley appeared 5 Oct., 171027 Nov., 1711, ed. by Maynwarning, A. and Oldmixon, J.]
Addison also contributed 51 pages to The Guardian, two to The Lover (for both of which see post), and edited The Freeholder (1st no. 23 Dec., 1715, rptd. in book, 1716), containing among academic and political essays, the papers on The Tory Foxhunter.
Correspondence of J. Hughes and Mr. Addison, 1773.
Johnson, Brimley. Eighteenth Century Letters, 1897, vol. 1 with introd. by Lane-Poole, S.
Letters by several eminent persons deceased, 1772.
Mr. Addison and Mr. Pope from 17111715, 1735.
Warner, Rebecca. Epistolary curiosities
consisting of unpublished letters
illustrative of the Herbert family
Joseph Addison, part 11, 1818.
E. Biography, Criticism and Addisoniana
Addison, Joseph, ou un attique en Angleterre. 1873.
Addison, Joseph, and Sir Andrew Fountaine; or the Romance of a Portrait. [Rptd. from the Athenaeum.] 1858.
Addisoniana. 2 vols. 1803.
Aikin, Lucy. Life of Joseph Addison. 2 vols. 1843. (See Macaulays Essay below.)
Ashton, J. Social Life in the Reign of Queen Anne. New edn. 1883.
Beljame, A. Le public et les hommes de lettres en Angleterre au dix-huitième siècle. 1881. [pp. 225338.]
British Censor, The. 1712. [Poetical satire.]
Contrast, The; or, Addison and Hume; describing their respective feelings and opinions. 1831.
Courthope, W. J. Addison (English Men of Letters). 1884.
D. [Paul, A.]. Addisons influence on the social reform of his age. 1876.
Dobson, A. Side-Walk Studies. 1902.
Drake, N. Essays, Biographical, Critical, and Historical, Illustrative of the Tatler, Spectator, and Guardian. 3 vols. 1805.
Elton, O. The Augustan Ages. Edinburgh, 1899.
General Dictionary. The Life of Addison extracted from
to which is prefixed the life of Lancelot Addison
his father. 1733.
Gosse, E. W. A History of Eighteenth Century Literature. 1887.
Hazlitt, W. Lectures on the English Comic Writers. Works, vol. VIII. Edd. Waller, A. R. and Glover, A. 1903.
J., G. Memoirs of the Life and Writings of the Right Hon. Joseph Addison, Esq.; with his Character by Sir Richard Steele. 1719.
Johnson, Samuel. Lives of the Most Eminent English Poets. 177981; ed. Cunningham, P., 1854; ed. Waugh, A. 1896.
Kippis, A. Addison. In Biographia Britannica. 2nd edn. 1778.
Macaulay, T. B. The Life and Writings of Addison. [Review of Life by Aikin, Lucy.] In Edinburgh Review, July, 1843. [See Hadow, G. E., Essay on Addison by Macaulay and Thackeray, with twelve essays by Addison, 1907.]
Memoirs of the life of
Addison, with a particular account of his writings. 1719.
Perry, T. S. English Literature in the Eighteenth Century, pp. 13082. 1883.
Punchard, C. D. Helps to the study of Addisons Essays. 1898.
Ramsay, A. Richy and Sandy, A Pastoral on the death of Addison. 1720.
Regel, E. Thackerays Lectures on the English Humourists of the Eighteenth Century, mit bibliographischem Material, litterarischer Einleitung und sachlichen Anmerkungen für Studierende. 1886.
Sande, C. L. E. Die Grundlagen der literarischen Kritik bei Joseph Addison. 1906.
Spence, J. Anecdotes, Observations and Characters of Books and Men. 1820.
Steele, R. Dedicatory Epistle to The Drummer. See ante, sec. B. [Rptd. in Arbers English Garner, VI, 523.]
Swift, J. The Journal to Stella. [See index to edn. by Aitken, G. A. 1901.]
Thackeray, W. M. The History of Henry Esmond, Esq. 1852.
The English Humorists of the Eighteenth Century. 1853.
Thomson, Mrs. K. Celebrated Friendships. Vol. 1. 1861.
Tickell, T. To the Earl of Warwick on the Death of Mr. Addison. Works, vol. 1. 1721.
Tyers, T. An historical Essay on Mr. Addison. 1783.
Vetter, T. Der Spectator als Quelle der Discourse der Maler. 1887.
Young, E. A letter to Mr. Tickell, occasioned by the death of
[For complete bibl. see Aitken, G. A., Life of Richard Steele, vol. II, appendix V, 1889.]
A. Collected Editions
[Collections of British essayists and dramatists are mentioned under individual works.]
Dramatic: First three comedies published 1712; Complete plays, with The Christian Hero, 1759. Best modern ed. by Aitken, G. A. (Mermaid Series), 1903.
Political: The Political Writings of Sir Richard Steele, 1715, 1723. Oeuvres Diverses de Mr. Richard Steele, sur les Affaires de la Grande Bretagne. Traduit de lAnglois, Amsterdam, 1715.
Essays: Nichols, J.: (1) The Lover and Reader; to which are prefixed The Whig Examiner, and a selection from the Medley of Papers written by the principal authors of The Tatler, Spectator, and Guardian, 1789. (2) The Theatre,
The Anti-Theatre; the character of Sir John Edgar; Steeles Case with the Lord Chamberlain; the Crisis of Property, with the Sequel, Two Pasquins, etc., 1791. (3) The Town Talk, the Fish Pool, The Plebeian, The old Whig, The Spinster
B. Particular (including Dramatic) Works
The Christian Hero: an Argument proving that no Principles but those of Religion are sufficient to make a great man. 1701. [About 20 edns. up to 1820.]
The Funeral; or Grief a-la-Mode. Acted at Drury Lane and published 1701, but dated 1702. [About 20 edns up to 1811.] Modern rpts: Bells British Theatre, vol. VIII, 1776; vol. XXVII, 1794; The New Engl. Theatre, vol. VII, 1777; Modern British Drama, vol. IVComedies, 1811; Aitken, G. A., Dramatic Works of R. Steele (Mermaid Series), 1903.
Translations: French: Les Funérailles, 1749; vol. VIII of Le Théâtre anglois by La Place, P. A. de, 17469. Italian: Il Funerale, 1742.
See A Comparison between the two stages, with
some critical remarks on the Funeral
and others, April, 1702 [attributed to Gildon, C.].
The Lying Lover; or, The Ladies Friendship. Acted Dec., 1703, published 1704. 8th edn. 1776. Rpt, Aitken, G. A. (Mermaid Series), 1894.
The Tender Husband; or, The Accomplished Fools. Acted April and published May, 1705. 14th edn. 1799. Rpts: Bell, vol. VIII, 1778; vol. XX, 1791; Mod. Brit. Drama vol. IVComedies, 1811; Dibdins London Theatre, vol. XXVI, 1818; London Stage, vol. III., 1824 and 1826; Joness Brit. Drama, vol. II, 1824 and 1853; Dicks Standard Plays, no. 139, 1884; Aitken, G. A. (Mermaid Series).
The Englishmans Thanks to the Duke of Marlborough. Jan., 1712. [Signed Scoto-Britannus.]
Letter to Sir Miles Wharton concerning Occasional Peers. March, 1713. [Signed F. Hicks.]
Poetical Miscellanies. Consisting of Original Poems and Translations By the best Hands. Published by Mr. Steele. 1714 (actually Dec., 1713). [Contains two of Steeles productions: To Mr. Congreve, occasiond by his comedy called The Way of the World and Procession; a Poem on her Majesties Funeral. By a gentleman of the Army, 1695.]
The Importance of Dunkirk considerd. In defence of the Guardian of August the 7th. In a Letter to the Bailiff of Stockbridge. By Mr. Steele. Sept., 1713. [4 edns the same year.]
French trans.: Réflexions sur limportance de Dunkerque, 1715.
[Steele had urged the demolition of the fortifications of Dunkirk in no. 128 of the Guardian. The Examiner having retorted by accusing him of disloyalty, Steele replied with the above pamphlet, which Swift met with Importance of the Guardian considerd.]
The Crisis: Or a Discourse representing, from the most authentic Records, the just causes of the late Happy Revolution
With some Seasonable Remarks on the Danger of a Popish Successor. Jan., 1714. 3 more edns same year. Republication of a portion, 1745, as The Wisdom of our Fore Fathers recommended to the present times, shewing the noble stand made by them at the Revolution, and their care to provide against a Popish Succession, and 1746 as Extracts from Sir Richard Steeles Crisis, adapted to the present more dangerous and more important Crisis.
Translations: French: La Crise, London and Amsterdam, both in 1714.
German: Des Herrn Richard Steele Crisis, 1714; Rpt., Famous Pamphlets [Morleys Universal Lib.], 1886.
[Treats of the Hanoverian Succession. Answered by Swifts Public Spirit of the Whigs, Feb., 1714, which stirred up a formidable paper war, and was the chief cause of Steeles expulsion from the House of Commons, 18 March, 1714.]
Romish Ecclesiastical History of late years. May, 1714.
French trans.: LHistoire ecclésiastique de Rome. (By Sallengre, A. H. de.)
Letter to a Member of Parliament concerning the Bill for preventing the Growth of Schism, June, 1714. 3 more edns. same year. Answered by Schism destructive of the Government
being a defence of the Bill
The Ladies Library. Written by a Lady. Published by Mr. Steele. 3 vols. 1714.
French trans.: Janiçon, F. M. La Bibliothèque des Dames, 1717, 1719, 1724 (Amsterdam). Dutch: De Boekzaal der Juffers. Uit het Engelsch vertaalt (Amsterdam), 1764.
See Mr. Steele Detected: Or, the poor and oppressed Orphans Letters
Complaining of the great injustice done
by the Ladies Library
1714. [By Meredith, R.]
Mr. Steeles Apology for himself and his Writings. Oct., 1714. [A defence of his political character, containing allusions to his literary works.]
The Court of Honour; or, the laws, rules and ordinances establishd for the suppression of Duels in France
With some observations thereon by Sir Richard Steele. 1720.
The Crisis of Property. An Argument proving that the Annuitants for ninety-nine years, as such, are not in the condition of other subjects of Great Britain, but by compact with the Legislature are exempt from any new direction relating to the said estates. 1 Feb., 1720; 2nd edn. same year. [Answered by Meres, Sir J., The Equity of Parliaments
vindicated; and The Crisis of Honesty, both in 1720. On 27 Feb. appeared a sequel by Steele, A Nation a Family.]
Preface to 2nd edn. of The Drummer (see ante, sec. I. B), 1721. [Addressed to William Congreve in reply to Tickells preface to Addisons Works, 1721. Rptd. in Arbers English Garner, vol. VI.]
The State of the Case between the Lord-Chamberlain of His Majestys Household, and the Governor of the Royal Company of Comedians. With the opinions of Pemberton, Northey and Parker, concerning the Theatre. 1720.
The Conscious Lovers. Acted Nov., 1722. Published in vol. 1 of Select Collection of English Plays. Edinburgh, 1755. Rpts. by Bell, Mrs. Inchbald, Brit. Theatre, vol. XII, 1808, and Dibdin, and in Modern British Drama and in London Stage. Ed. with notes, introduction, etc. by Aitken, G. A. (Mermaid Series).
Translations: French: Quétant, F. A., Les Amans réservés, Paris, 1778;
Vasse, Mme. de, Les Amants généreux. Théâtre Anglois, Paris, 1784. German: Ober-Elbe, Geandern von der [i. e. Müldener, J. E.], The Conscious Lovers, das ist: Die sich mit einander verstehenden Liebhaber
See, also, Victor, B., An Epistle to Sir Richard Steele, on his play calld The Conscious Lovers, 1722, and Dennis, J., Remarks on
The Conscious Lovers, 1723.
The School of Action and The Gentleman. Fragments printed by Nichols, 1809, and Aitken, as above.
The Tatler. By Isaac Bickerstaff, Esq., appeared tri-weekly, 12 April, 17092nd Jan., 1711, 271 nos., about 188 by Steele. Rptd. in 4 vols., 171011. About 25 edns. up to 1797. Re-ed. Nichols, J., with notes, etc., 1786, 1789, 1797; Bisset, R., 1797; Chalmers, A., 1803, 1806, 1808; Sharpes Brit. Classics, vols. IIV, 1804, 1815. Also in Chalmers and Lynams Brit. Ess. as above. Ed. Aitken, G. A., with notes, introduction, etc., 4 vols. 18989. [Standard edn.]
[Swifts pamphlet, from which Steele borrowed the name, was Predictions for the Year 1708. Followed by other Predicitions, of uncertain authorship.]
Translations: French: Le Babillard, 2 vols., Amsterdam, 1723, 1725, 17345, 1737 (twice), See, also, Annotations on the Tatler, written originally in French, by Mons. Bournelle, and translated into English by Walter Wagstaffe, Esq. (W. Oldisworth) 1710. Dutch: De Snapper of de britsche Tuchtmeester. Door den Ridder Richard Steele. Uit het Engelsch vertaalt door P. le Clerc. 4 vols. Amsterdam, 173352.
Selection: Dobson, A., 1896.
Mottos: see under Spectator.
The Spectator: See under Addison. Steele contributed 236 papers.
The Guardian. Appeared daily 12 March1 Oct., 1713. 175 nos. 2 vols. Dec., 1713 (dated 1714). [About 26 edns. by 1797.] Rpts. by Sharpe, Chalmers, Ferguson, Lynam, etc.
Translations: French: Le Mentor Moderne, Rouen, 1725, Amsterdam, 1727 and 1728, Bâle, 1737. Dutch: De Guardiaen of de britsche Zedenmeester, Amsterdam, 1723 [incomplete]. All these trans. by Van Effen, J. Also by Clercq, P. de, Rotterdam, 3 vols., 17301, 1734. German: Der getreue Hofmeister, sorfältige Vormund und neue Mentor, oder einige Discurse über die Sitten der gegenwärtigen Zeit
. Frankfort und Leipzig, 1725; Der Engländische Guardian oder Aufseher, 1749, by Gottsched, L. A. V.
Mottos: The Mottoes to the Two Volumes of Guardians, translated into English, 1713.
The Englishman; Being the Sequel to the Guardian. 56 nos., 6 Oct., 171311 Feb., 1714; 57th No. appeared 15 Feb., 1714, as The Englishman. Being the Close of the Paper so called. Revived 11 July21 Nov., 1715.
The Lover. By Marmaduke Myrtle, Gent. 40 nos., 25 Feb.27 May, 1714. Rpt., Nichols, J., 1789; Harrisons Brit. Classics, vol. VIII, 1797; Lewin, W. (Camelot Series). 1887.
The Reader. 9 nos. 22 April10 May, 1714; Rpt, Nichols, J., 1789.
Town Talk. In a Letter to a Lady in the Country. 9 nos., 17 Dec., 171513 Feb. 1716. Rpt, Nichols, J., 1789, 1790.
The Tea-Table. 3 nos., 2 Feb.March, 1716.
Chit-Chat. In a Letter to a Lady in the Country. 3 nos., March, 1716.
Plebeian. To be continued weekly. 4 nos., 14 March6 April, 1719. [Started to denounce Lord Sunderlands bill for limiting the power of creating peers. Addison replied in The Old Whig (rptd. by Nichols, J., 1790); also met by The Patrician
In answer to the Plebeian. 4 nos., 1719.]
The Theatre. By Sir John Edgar. 28 nos., 2 Jan.5 April, 1720. Rpt., Nichols, J., 1791.
and Mr. Pope. 1735. Nichols, J. The Epistolary Correspondence of Sir Richard Steele
with literary and historical anecdotes. 1787. 2nd edn. [including his familiar letters to his wife and daughters; to which are prefixed fragments of three Plays
]. 1809. Johnson, B. Eighteenth Century Letters, vol. 1. 1897.
E. Biography, Criticism and Ana
S e, also, I. E ante
Aitken, G. A. Life of Richard Steele. 2 vols. 1889.
Dennis, J. Studies in English Literature. 1883.
Dilke, C. W. Papers of a Critic. 1875.
Dobson, A. A Paladin of Philanthropy. 1899.
Eighteenth Century Vignettes. 1892.
Richard Steele. (English Writers.) 1888.
Forster, J. Historical and Biographical Essays. Vol. II. 1858.
G[ay], J. The Present State of Wit. 1711.
Hartmann, H. Steele als Dramatiker. Königsberg. 1880.
Hazlitt, W. Lectures on the English Comic Writers. 1819.
[Hoffmann, F.] Two Very Odd Characters tho the Number be Even. 1714.
John Dennis, the Sheltring Poets Invitation to Richard Steele, The Secluded Party-Writer, and Member; to come and live with him in the Mint
1714. (Imitation of Horaces Epp. bk 1, ep. 1.)
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