DEMOCRACY most of all affiliates with the open air, is sunny and hardy and sane only with Naturejust as much as Art is. Something is required to temper bothto check them, restrain them from excess, morbidity. I have wanted, before departure, to bear special testimony to a very old lesson and requisite. American Democracy, in its myriad personalities, in factories, work-shops, stores, officesthrough the dense streets and houses of cities, and all their manifold sophisticated lifemust either be fibred, vitalized, by regular contact with out-door light and air and growths, farm-scenes, animals, fields, trees, birds, sun-warmth and free skies, or it will certainly dwindle and pale. We cannot have grand races of mechanics, work people, and commonalty, (the only specific purpose of America,) on any less terms. I conceive of no flourishing and heroic elements of Democracy in the United States, or of Democracy maintaining itself at all, without the Nature-element forming a main partto be its health-element and beauty-elementto really underlie the whole politics, sanity, religion and art of the New World.
Finally, the morality: Virtue, said Marcus Aurelius, what is it, only a living and enthusiastic sympathy with Nature? Perhaps indeed the efforts of the true poets, founders, religions, literatures, all ages, have been, and ever will be, our time and times to come, essentially the sameto bring people back from their persistent strayings and sickly abstractions, to the costless average, divine, original concrete.