James Ford Rhodes (18481927). History of the Civil War, 18611865 1917.
troops and thus conquer a peace. His soldiers were ragged and many of them were destitute of shoes. The army lacked much of the material of war, is feeble in transportation. Still, Lee wrote, we cannot afford to be idle; and he decided to cross the Potomac. Nothing occasioned him uneasiness but supplies of ammunition and subsistence. Desiring the friendly collision with another mind, he talked with Longstreet who, relating how during the Mexican War Worths division had marched around the city of Monterey on two days rations of roasting-ears and green oranges, thought they now could as safely trust themselves to the fields of Maryland laden with ripening corn and fruit.
On September 3, Lee began his march northward and next day wrote to his President that he should proceed with his expedition into Maryland unless you should signify your disapprobation; but before this word could have reached Richmond the Army of Northern Virginia had crossed the Potomac singing Maryland, my Maryland and had continued their rollicking march to Frederick City, which was reached on the 6th by the van led by Jackson.
We have seen that one of Lees designs in crossing the Potomac was to give the people of Maryland an opportunity of liberating themselves; he accordingly issued an address to them declaring that the South had watched with deepest sympathy their wrongs and had seen with profound indignation their sister State deprived of every right and reduced to the condition of a conquered province. To aid you in throwing off this foreign yoke is the object of our invasion. But he soon perceived that, if the people of Maryland were oppressed, they kissed the rod of the oppressor, as they gave no signs of rising. The most serious effect of the cold welcome he received was the difficulty in