James Ford Rhodes (18481927). History of the Civil War, 18611865 1917.
arrived at the opinion that a battle at Gettysburg is now forced on us;1 and he issued orders to all of his corps to concentrate at that point. He himself arrived on the battle-field about midnight, pale, tired-looking, hollow-eyed and worn out from loss of sleep, anxiety and the weight of responsibility.
At about eight oclock on the morning of July 2, accompanied by a staff-officer and orderly, he rode forth on a visit to his right wing. Schurz, who spoke with him on this occasion, was struck with his long-bearded, haggard face, his care-worn and tired look, as if he had not slept that night. His mind was evidently absorbed by a hard problem, Schurz went on. But this simple, cold, serious soldier with his business-like air did inspire confidence. The officers and men as much as was permitted crowded around and looked up to him with curious eyes and then turned away not enthusiastic but clearly satisfied. With a rapid glance he examined the position of our army and nodded seemingly with approval. After the usual salutations I asked him how many men he had on the ground. I remember his answer well, In the course of the day I expect to have about 95,000enough I guess for this business. After another sweeping glance over the field, he added, as if reflecting something to himself, Well we may fight it out here just as well as anywhere else.2
By the afternoon of July 2, Lee and Meade had their whole forces on the field,. Lee mustering 70,000, Meade 93,000,3 less the losses of the first day, which had been much greater on the Union than on the Confederate side. The armies were about a mile apart, the Confederates occupying the eminence concave in form called Seminary Ridge, whilst