The Worlds Famous Orations. America: I. (17611837). 1906.
Logan to Lord Dunmore
James Logan (c.17251780)
Born about 1725 died in 1780; his real name, Tahgahjute; by birth a Cayuga, but made a Chief of the Mingoes; lived for many years in western Pennsylvania; his family murdered by the whites in 1774; killed near Detroit in a skirmish with Indians.
I APPEAL1 to any white man to say if ever he entered Logans cabin hungry, and he gave him not meat; if ever he came cold and naked, and he clothed him not. During the course of the. last long and bloody war Logan remained idle in his cabin, an advocate for peace. Such was my love for the whites that my countrymen pointed at me as they passed, and said: Logan is the friend of white men.
I had even thought to have lived with you, but for the injuries of one man. Colonel Cresap,2 the last spring, in cold blood and unprovoked, murdered all the relations of Logan, not sparing even my women and children. There runs not a drop of my blood in the veins of any living creature.
This called on me for revenge. I have sought it. I have killed many. I have glutted my vengeance. For my country, I rejoice at the beams of peace. But do not think that mine is the joy of fear. Logan never felt fear. Logan will not turn on his heel to save his life. Who is there to mourn for Logan? Not one!
Note 1. Lord Dunmore at this time was governor of Virginia. Logans speech was really a message sent to Dunmore by Logan through John Gibson, an Indian trader. There was war at that time between the Indians and whites on the western frontier of Virginia. Trouble had long existed in that region, but the killing of Logans family had now become the immediate cause of a general outbreak. The war was brought to a close on October 10 by the Battle of Point Pleasant, in which Logan is said personally to have taken thirty scalps. [back]
Note 2. Colonel Michael Cresap, after whom this war has sometimes been named, tho it is more often called Lord Dunmores War, was not responsible for the murder of Logans family. Some white men, led by one Greathouse, a liquor dealer, murdered them. [back]