Henry Fielding. (17071754). The History of Tom Jones.
The Harvard Classics Shelf of Fiction. 1917.
Book VII. Containing Three Days
XIII. Containing the Great Address of the Landlady, the Great Learning of a Surgeon, and the Solid Skill in Casuistry of the Worthy Lieutenant
WHEN the wounded man was carried to his bed and the house began again to clear up from the hurry which this accident had occasioned, the landlady thus addressed the commanding officer: I am afraid, sir, said she, this young man did not behave himself as well as he should do to your honours; and if he had been killed I suppose he had but his desarts: to be sure, when gentlemen admit inferior parsons into their company, they oft to keep their distance; but, as my first husband used to say, few of em know how to do it. For my own part, I am sure I should not have suffered any fellows to include themselves into gentlemens company; but I thoft he had been an officer himself, till the serjeant told me he was but a recruit.
Landlady, answered the lieutenant, you mistake the whole matter. The young man behaved himself extremely well, and is, I believe, a much better gentleman than the ensign who abused him. If the young fellow dies the man who struck him will have most reason to be sorry for it: for the regiment will get rid of a very troublesame fellow, who is a scandal to the army; and if he escapes from the hands of justice, blame me, madam, thats all.
Ay! ay! good lack-a-day! said the landlady; who could have thoft it? Ay, ay, ay, I am satisfied your honour will see justice done; and to be sure it oft to be to every one. Gentlemen oft not to kill poor folks without answering for it. A poor man hath a soul to be saved as well as his betters.
Ay! cries the landlady; why, look you there, now: well, my first husband was a wise man; he used to say, you cant always know the inside by the outside. Nay, that might have been well enough, too; for I never sawd him till he was all over blood. Who would have thoft it? Mayhap some young gentleman crossed in love. Good lack-a-day, if he should die, what a concern it will be to his parents! Why, sure the devil must possess the wicked wretch to do such an act. To be sure, he is a scandal to the army, as your honour says; for most of the gentlemen of the army that ever I saw are quite different sort of people, and look as if they would scorn to spill any Christian blood as much as any men: I mean, that is, in a civil way, as my first husband used to say. To be sure, when they come into the wars there must be bloodshed: but that they are not to be blamed for. The more of our enemies they kill there the better: and I wish with all my heart they could kill every mothers son of them.
Not at all, sir, answered she; I am not at all bloody-minded, only to our enemies; and there is no harm in that. To be sure, it is natural for us to wish our enemies dead, that the wars may be at an end and our taxes be lowered; for it is a dreadful thing to pay as we do. Why now, there is above forty shillings for window-lights, and yet we have stopt up all we could; we have almost blinded the house, I am sure. Says I to the exciseman, says I, I think you oft to favour us; I am sure we are very good friends to the government: and so we are for sartain, for we pay a mint of money to um. And yet I often think to myself the government doth not imagine itself more obliged to us, than to those that dont pay um a farthing. Ay, ay, it is the way of the world.
She was proceeding in this manner when the surgeon entered the room. The lieutenant immediately asked how his patient did. But he resolved him only by saying, Better, I believe, than he would have been by this time, if I had not been called; and even as it is, perhaps it would have been lucky if I could have been called sooner.I hope, sir, said the lieutenant, the skull is not fractured. Hum, cries the surgeon, fractures are not always the most dangerous symptoms. Contusions and lacerations are often attended with worse phænomena, and with more fatal consequences, than fractures. People who know nothing of the matter conclude, if the skull is not fractured, all is well; whereas I had rather see a mans skull broke all to pieces, than some contusions I have met with. I hope, says the lieutenant, there are no such symptoms here.Symptoms, answered the surgeon, are not always regular nor constant. I have known very unfavourable symptoms in the morning change to favourable ones at noon, and return to unfavourable again at night. Of wounds, indeed, it is rightly and truly said, Nemo repente fuit turpissimus. I was once, I remember, called to a patient who had received a violent contusion in his tibia, by which the exterior cutis was lacerated, so that there was a profuse sanguinary discharge; and the interior membranes were so divellicated that the os or bone very plainly appeared through the aperture of the vulnus or wound. Some febrile symptoms intervening at the same time (for the pulse was exuberant and indicated much phlebotomy); I apprehended an immediate mortification. To prevent which, I presently made a large orifice in the vein of the left arm, whence I drew twenty ounces of blood; which I expected to have found extremely sizy and glutinous or indeed coagulated as it is in pleuretic complaints; but, to my surprize, it appeared rosy and florid, and its consistency differed little from the blood of those in perfect health. I then applied a fomentation to the part, which highly answered the intention; and after three or four times dressing, the wound began to discharge a thick pus or matter, by which means the cohesionBut perhaps I do not make myself perfectly well understood? No, really, answered the lieutenant, I cannot say I understand a syllable.Well, sir, said the surgeon, then I shall not tire your patience; in short, within six weeks my patient was able to walk upon his legs as perfectly as he could have done before he received the contusion.I wish, sir, said the lieutenant, you would be so kind only as to inform me whether the wound this young gentleman hath had the misfortune to receive is likely to prove mortal.Sir, answered the surgeon, to say whether a wound will prove mortal or not at first dressing would be very weak and foolish presumption; we are all mortal, and symptoms often occur in a cure which the greatest of our profession could never foresee.But do you think him in danger? says the other.In danger! ay, surely, cries the doctor, who is there among us who, in the most perfect health, can be said not to be in danger? Can a man, therefore, with so bad a wound as this be said to be out of danger? All I can say at present is that it is well I was called as I was, and perhaps it would have been better if I had been called sooner. I will see him again early in the morning; and in the meantime let him be kept extremely quiet and drink liberally of water-gruel.Wont you allow him sack-whey? said the landlady.Ay, ay, sack-whey, cries the doctor, if you will, provided it be very small.And a little chicken broth, too? added she.Yes, yes, chicken broth, said the doctor, is very good.Maynt I make him some jellies, too? said the landlady.Ay, ay, answered the doctor, jellies are very good for wounds, for they promote cohesion. And, indeed, it was lucky she had not named soup or high sauces, for the doctor would have complied rather than have lost the custom of the house.
The doctor was no sooner gone than the landlady began to trumpet forth his fame to the lieutenant, who had not, from their short acquaintance, conceived quite so favourable an opinion of his physical abilities as the good woman, and all the neighbourhood, entertained (and perhaps very rightly); for, though I am afraid the doctor was a little of a coxcomb, he might be, nevertheless, very much of a surgeon.
The lieutenant, having collected from the learned discourse of the surgeon that Mr. Jones was in great danger, gave orders for keeping Mr. Northerton under a very strict guard, designing in the morning to attend him to a justice of peace, and to commit the conducting the troops to Gloucester to the French lieutenant, who, though he could neither read, write nor speak any language, was, however, a good officer.
In the evening our commander sent a message to Mr. Jones that if a visit would not be troublesome he would wait on him. This civility was very kindly and thankfully received by Jones, and the lieutenant accordingly went up to his room, where he found the wounded man much better than he expected; nay, Jones assured his friend that if he had not received express orders to the contrary from the surgeon he should have got up long ago; for he appeared to himself to be as well as ever, and felt no other inconvenience from his wound but an extreme soreness on that side of his head.
I should be very glad, quoth the lieutenant, if you was as well as you fancy yourself, for then you could be able to do yourself justice immediately; for when a matter cant be made up, as in case of a blow, the sooner you take him out the better; but I am afraid you think yourself better than you are, and he would have too much advantage over you.
My sword is heartily at your service, my dear boy, cries the lieutenant, kissing him; you are a brave lad, and I love your spirit; but I fear your strength, for such a blow and so much loss of blood must have very much weakened you; and, though you feel no want of strength in your bed, yet you most probably would after a thrust or two. I cant consent to your taking him out to-night; but I hope you will be able to come up with us before we get many days march advance; and I give you my honour you shall have satisfaction, or the man who hath injured you shant stay in our regiment.
Oh, never think of it, returned the other: a few days will make no difference. The wounds of honour are not like those in your body: they suffer nothing by the delay of cure. It will be altogether as well for you to receive satisfaction a week hence as now.
Then your honour, answered the lieutenant, will require no reparation at all. I myself will do justice to your character and testify to the world your intention to have acted properly, if you had recovered.
Still, replied Jones, I am concerned at the delay. I am almost afraid to mention it to you who are a soldier; but, though I have been a very wild young fellow, still in my most serious moments and at the bottom, I am really a Christian.
So am I too, I assure you, said the officer; and so zealous a one that I was pleased with you at dinner for taking up the cause of your religion; and I am a little offended with you now, young gentleman, that you should express a fear of declaring your faith before any one.
But how terrible must it be, cries Jones, to any one who is really a Christian to cherish malice in his breast, in opposition to the command of Him who hath expressly forbid it? How can I bear to do this on a sick-bed? Or how shall I make up my account with such an article as this in my bosom against me?
Why, I believe there is such a command, cries the lieutenant; but a man of honour cant keep it. And you must be a man of honour if you will be in the army. I remember I once put the case to our chaplain over a bowl of punch, and he confessed there was much difficulty in it; but he said, he hoped there might be a latitude granted to soldiers in this one instance; and to be sure it is our duty to hope so; for who would bear to live without his honour? No, no, my dear boy, be a good Christian as long as you live; but be a man of honour, too, and never put up an affront; not all the books nor all the parsons in the world shall ever persuade me to that. I love my religion very well, but I love my honour more. There must be some mistake in the wording the text, or in the translation, or in the understanding it, or somewhere or other. But, however that may be, a man must run the risque, for he must preserve his honour. So compose yourself to-night, and I promise you you shall have an opportunity of doing yourself justice. Here he gave Jones a hearty buss, shook him by the hand, and took his leave.
But, though the lieutenants reasoning was very satisfactory to himself, it was not entirely so to his friend. Jones, therefore, having resolved this matter much in his thoughts, at last came to a resolution, which the reader will find in the next chapter.