| See they suffer death,|
But in their deaths remember they are men,
Strain not the laws to make their tortures grievous.
AddisonCato. Act III. Sc. 5.
|Let them stew in their own grease (or juice).|
Bismarck, at the time of the Franco-German war, to Mr. Malet at Meaux. See LabouchereDiary of a Besieged Resident. Stewing in our own gravy. Ned WardLondon Spy. Pt. IX. P. 219. (1709). (Describing a Turkish bath.) Idea in PlautusCaptives. Act I. Ver. 8084. Teubners ed.
|Some have been beaten till they know|
What wood a cudgels of by th blow:
Some kickd until they can feel whether
A shoe be Spanish or neats leather.
ButlerHudibras. Pt. II. Canto I. L. 221.
|Frieth in his own grease.|
ChaucerWife of Bathes Tale. V. 6069. Prologue. L. 487. Morris ed. HeywoodProverbs. Pt. I. Ch. XI. (her for his.)
|Noxiæ pna par esto.|
Let the punishment be equal with the offence.
CiceroDe Legibus. Bk. III. 20.
| Cavendum est ne major pna quam culpa sit; et ne iisdem de causis alii plectantur, alii ne appellentur quidem.|
Care should be taken that the punishment does not exceed the guilt; and also that some men do not suffer for offenses for which others are not even indicted.
CiceroDe Officiis. I. 23.
| Diis proximus ille est|
Quem ratio non ira movet: qui factor rependens
Consilio punire potest.
He is next to the gods whom reason, and not passion, impels; and who, after weighing the facts, can measure the punishment with discretion.
ClaudinausDe Consulatu Malii Theodori Panegyris. CCXXVII.
|I stew all night in my own grease.|
CottonVirgil Travestie. P. 35. (Ed. 1807). Fat enough to be stewed in their own liquor. FullerHoly State and the Profane State. P. 396. (Ed. 1840).
| Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.|
Deuteronomy. XIX. 21.
|Tis I that call, remember Milos end,|
Wedged in that timber which he strove to rend.
Wentworth DillonEssay on Translated Verse. Ovid.
| That is the bitterest of all,to wear the yoke of our own wrong-doing.|
George EliotDaniel Deronda. Bk. V. Ch. XXXVI.
|Send them into everlasting Coventry.|
EmersonEssays. Manners. During the Civil War in England officers were sent for punishment to the garrison at Coventry.
| Vengeance comes not slowly either upon you or any other wicked man, but steals silently and imperceptibly, placing its foot on the bad.|
|My punishment is greater than I can bear|
Genesis. IV. 13.
| Whoso sheddeth mans blood, by man shall his blood be shed.|
Genesis. IX. 6.
| Something lingering with boiling oil in it
. something humorous but lingeringwith either boiling oil or melted lead.|
W. S. GilbertMikado.
|My object all sublime|
I shall achieve in time
To let the punishment fit the crime.
W. S. GilbertMikado.
|The wolf must die in his own skin.|
|Culpam pna premit comes.|
Punishment follows close on crime.
HoraceCarmina. IV. 5. 24.
|Ne scutica dignum horribili sectere flagello.|
Do not pursue with the terrible scourge him who deserves a slight whip.
HoraceSatires. I. 3. 119.
| For whoso spareth the spring [switch] spilleth his children.|
|Breach for breach, eye for eye, tooth for tooth.|
Leviticus. XXIV. 20.
|Quidquid multis peccatur inultum est.|
The sins committed by many pass unpunished.
LucanPharsalia. V. 260.
| It were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and he cast into the sea.|
Luke. XVII. 2.
| The object of punishment is, prevention from evil; it never can be made impulsive to good.|
Horace MannLectures and Reports on Education. Lecture VII.
| Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.|
Mark. IX. 44.
|Unrespited, unpitied, unreprievd.|
MiltonParadise Lost. Bk. II. L. 185.
|Our torments also may in length of time|
Become our elements.
MiltonParadise Lost. Bk. II. L. 274.
| Back to thy punishment,|
False fugitive and to thy speed add wings.
MiltonParadise Lost. Bk. II. L. 699.
|Just prophet, let the damnd one dwell|
Full in the sight of Paradise,
Beholding heaven and feeling hell.
MooreLalla Rookh. Fire Worshippers. L. 1,028.
|Aydown to the dust with them, slaves as they are,|
From this hour, let the blood in their dastardly veins,
That shrunk at the first touch of Libertys war,
Be wasted for tyrants, or stagnant in chains.
MooreLines on the Entry of the Austrians into Naples. (1821).
|Die and be damned.|
Thomas MortimerAgainst the Calvinistic doctrine of eternal punishment.
|Æquo animo pnam, qui meruere, ferant.|
Let those who have deserved their punishment, bear it patiently.
OvidAmorum. II. 7. 12.
|Paucite paucarum diffundere crimen in omnes.|
Do not lay on the multitude the blame that is due to a few.
OvidArs Amatoria. III. 9.
|Estque pati pnas quam meruisse minus.|
It is less to suffer punishment than to deserve it.
OvidEpistolæ Ex Ponto. I. 1. 62.
| Deos agere curam rerum humanarum credi, ex usu vitæ est: pnasque maleficiis, aliquando seras, nunquam autem irritas esse.|
It is advantageous that the gods should be believed to attend to the affairs of man; and the punishment for evil deeds, though sometimes late, is never fruitless.
Pliny the ElderHistoria Naturalis. II. 5. 10.
|Heaven is not always angry when he strikes,|
But most chastises those whom most he likes.
John PomfretTo a Friend Under Affliction. L. 89.
| But if the first Eve|
Hard doom did receive
When only one apple had she,
What a punishment new
Must be found out for you,
Who eating hath robbd the whole tree.
PopeTo Lady Montague.
|He that spareth his rod hateth his son.|
Proverbs. XIII. 24.
|To kiss the rod.|
History of Reynard the Fox. William Caxtons trans., printed by him. (1481). Arbers English Scholars Library. Ch. XII.
|Quod antecedit tempus, maxima venturi supplicii pars est.|
The time that precedes punishment is the severest part of it.
SenecaDe Beneficiis. II. 5.
| Corrigendus est, qui peccet, et admonitione et vi, et molliter et aspere, meliorque tam sibi quam alii faciendus, non sine castigatione, sed sine ira.|
He, who has committed a fault, is to be corrected both by advice and by force, kindly and harshly, and to be made better for himself as well as for another, not without chastisement, but without passion.
SenecaDe Ira. I. 14.
| Maxima est factæ injuriæ pæna, fecisse: nec quisquam gravius adficitur, quam qui ad supplicium pnitentiæ traditur.|
The severest punishment a man can receive who has injured another, is to have committed the injury; and no man is more severely punished than he who is subject to the whip of his own repentance.
SenecaDe Ira. III. 26.
| Nec ulla major pna nequitiæ est, quam quod sibi et suis displicet.|
There is no greater punishment of wickedness than that it is dissatisfied with itself and its deeds.
SenecaEpistolæ Ad Lucilium. XLII.
|Sequitur superbos ultor a tergo deus.|
An avenging God closely follows the haughty.
SenecaHercules Furens. 385.
|Minor in parvis fortuna furit,|
Leviusque ferit leviora Deus.
Fortune is less severe against those of lesser degree, and God strikes what is weak with less power.
SenecaHippolytus. Act IV. 1124.
|Thou shalt be whippd with wire, and stewd in brine,|
Smarting in lingring pickle.
Antony and Cleopatra. Act II. Sc. 5. L. 65.
|Vex not his ghost: Oh; let him pass! he hates him,|
That would upon the rack of this tough world
Stretch him out longer.
King Lear. Act V. Sc. 2. Tough world altered by Pope to rough world.
|Some of us will smart for it.|
Much Ado About Nothing. Act V. Sc. 1. L. 109.
|Off with his head! so much for Buckingham!|
Richard III. Act IV. Sc. 3. As altered by Colley Cibber.
|A testy babe will scratch the nurse,|
And presently all humbled kiss the rod.
Two Gentlemen of Verona. Act I. Sc. 2. 59.
|There is nothynge that more dyspleaseth God|
Than from theyr children to spare the rod.
SkeltonMagnyfycence. L. 1,954.
|Punitis ingeniis, gliscit auctoritas.|
When men of talents are punished, authority is strengthened.
TacitusAnnales. IV. 35.
| Habet aliquid ex iniquo omne magnum exemplum, quod contra singulos, utilitate publica rependitus.|
Every great example of punishment has in it some injustice, but the suffering individual is compensated by the public good.
TacitusAnnales. XIV. 44.
|The woman, Spaniel, the walnut tree,|
The more you beat them the better they be.
John Taylor. From an early song. Same idea in Gilbertus CognatusAdagia. Included in GrynæusAdagia. P. 484. (Ed. 1629).
|Verbera sed audi.|
Strike, but hear.
Themistocles. When Eurybiades, commander of the Spartan fleet, raised his staff to strike him. In Plutarchs Life of Themistocles. Ch. XI.
|Ah, miser! et si quis primo perjuria celat,|
Sera tamen tacitis Pna venit pedibus.
Ah, wretch! even though one may be able at first to conceal his perjuries, yet punishment creeps on, though late, with noiseless step.
TibullusCarmina. I. 9. 3.
|They spare the rod, and spoyle the child.|
Ralph VenningMysteries and Revelations. P. 5. (1649).
|What heavy guilt upon him lies!|
How cursed is his name!
The ravens shall pick out his eyes,
And eagles eat the same.
|Du spottest noch? Erzittre! Immer schlafen|
Des Rächers Blitze nicht.
Thou mockest? Tremble! the avengers lightning bolts do not forever dormant lie.
WielandOberon. I. 50.
|Hanging was the worst use a man could be put to.|
Sir Henry WottonThe Disparity between Buckingham and Essex.
|Jupiter is late in looking into his note-book.|
ZenobiusCent. IV. 11. Same idea in HoraceOdes. III. 2. 30. PersiusSatires. II. 24.