Reference > Brewer’s Dictionary > Acad’emy.

 Academ’icsAcademy Figures. 
E. Cobham Brewer 1810–1897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Divided into—Old, the philosophic teaching of Plato and his immediate followers; Middle, a modification of the Platonic system, taught by Arcesila’os; New, the half - sceptical school of Car’neads.   1
   Plato taught that matter is eternal and infinite, but without form or order; and that there is an intelligent cause, the author of everything. He maintained that we could grasp truth only so far as we had elevated our mind by thought to its divine essence.   2
   Arcesila’os was the great antagonist of the Stoics, and wholly denied man’s capacity for grasping truth.   3
   Car’neads maintained that neither our senses nor our understanding could supply us with a sure criterion of truth.   4
   The talent of the Academy, so Plato called Aristotle (B.C. 384–322).   5

 Academ’icsAcademy Figures. 


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