Reference > Brewer’s Dictionary > Letter of Marque.

 Letter of Licence (A).Letter of Orders (A). 
E. Cobham Brewer 1810–1897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Letter of Marque.
A commission authorising a privateer to make reprisals on a hostile nation till satisfaction for injury has been duly made. Here “marque” means march, or marca, a border-land (whence our “marquis,” the lords appointed to prevent border-incursions). A letter of marque or mart was permission given for reprisals after a border-incursion. Called jus marchium.   1

 Letter of Licence (A).Letter of Orders (A). 


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