E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Minerva (in Greek, Athen).
The most famous statue of this goddess was by Phidias, the Greek sculptor. It was wood encased with ivory; the drapery, however, was of solid gold. It represented the goddess standing, clothed with a tunic reaching to the ankles, a spear in her left hand, and an image of Victory (four cubits high = about six feet) in her right. She is girded with the ægis, has a helmet on her head, and her shield rests by her side on the ground. The entire height was nearly forty feet. This statue was anciently one of the Seven Wonders of the World. A superb statue of the goddess was found at Velletri, but, whether this was the famous statue of Phidias is not known. It is preserved in the Imperial Museum.
The exquisite antique statue of Minerva Medica is in the Vatican of Rome.