E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
To tease or annoy by superior numbers. In allusion to the ancient custom of badger-baiting. A badger was kennelled in a tub, where dogs were set upon him to worry him out. When dragged from his tub the poor beast was allowed to retire to it till he recovered from the attack. This process was repeated several times.
Badger. It is a vulgar error that the legs of a badger are shorter on one side than on the other.
I think that Titus Oates was as uneven as a badger.Lord Macaulay.
Drawing a badger is drawing him out of his tub by means of dogs.