E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Polypheme (3 syl.).
One of the Cyclops, who lived in Sicily. He was an enormous giant, with only one eye, and that in the middle of his forehead. When Ulysses landed on the island, this monster made him and twelve of his crew captives; six of them he ate, and then Ulysses contrived to blind him, and make good his escape with the rest of the crew. Polypheme was most passionately in love with Galatea, a sea-nymph, but Galatea had set her heart on the shepherd Acis, whom Polypheme, in a fit of jealousy, crushed beneath a rock.
In the gallery of the Farnse palace is a superb painting of Polyphmus, in three parts; (1) playing a flute to Galatea; (2) hurling a rock at Acis; and (3) pursuing the ships of Ulysses. Poussin has also introduced, in one of his landscapes, Polyphemus sitting on a rock and playing a flute.