E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Residence or place of abode; as, winter quarters, the place where an army lodges during the winter months. We say this quarter of the town, meaning this district or part; the French speak of the Latin Quartieri.e. the district or part of Paris where the medical schools, etc., are located; the Belgians speak of quartiers à louer, lodgings to let; and bachelors in England often say, Come to my quartersi.e. apartments. All these are from the French verb écarter (to set apart).
There shall no leavened bread be seen with thee, neither shall there be leaven seen in all thy quarters [any of thy houses].Exodus xiii. 2.