Reference > Brewer’s Dictionary > Raph’ael.

 Rape of the Lock.Raphael of Cats (The). 
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E. Cobham Brewer 1810–1897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
 
Raph’ael.
 
The sociable archangel who travelled with Tobi’as into Me’dia and back again, instructing him on the way how to marry Sara and to drive away the wicked spirit. Milton introduces him as sent by God to advertise Adam of his danger. (See SEVEN SPIRITS.)   1
       
“Raphael, the sociable spirit, hath deigned
To travel with Tobias, and secured
His marriage with the seven-times-wedded maid.”
       
Paradise Lost, v. 221–3.
   Raphael, according to Longfellow, is the angel of the Sun, who brings to man the “gift of faith.”   2
       
“I am the angel of the Sun,
Whose flaming wheels began to run
When God Almighty’s breath
Said to the darkness and the night,
‘Let there be light,’ and there was light,—
I bring the gift of faith.”
       
Golden Legend: The Miracle Play, iii.
   St. Raphael, the archangel, is usually distinguished in Christian art by a pilgrim’s staff, or carrying a fish, in allusion to his aiding Tobias to capture the fish which performed the miraculous cure of his father’s eyesight.   3
   The French Raphael. Eustace Lesueur (1617–1655).   4
 


 Rape of the Lock.Raphael of Cats (The). 

 
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