Reference > Brewer’s Dictionary > Bar’rister.

 Barring-out.Barristers’ Bags. 
E. Cobham Brewer 1810–1897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
One admitted to plead at the bar; one who has been “called to the bar.” The bar is the rail which divides the counsel from the audience, or the place thus enclosed. Tantamount to the rood-screen of a church, which separates the chancel from the rest of the building. Both these are relics of the ancient notion that the laity are an inferior order to the privileged class.   1
   A silk gown or bencher pleads within the bar, a stuff gown or outer barrister pleads without the bar.   2
   An Outer or Utter Barrister. This phrase alludes to an ancient custom observed in courts of law, when certain barristers were allowed to plead; but not being benchers (king’s counsel or sergeants-at-law) they took their seats “at the end of the forms called the bar.” The Utter Barrister comes next to a bencher, and all barristers inferior to the Utter Barristers are termed. “Inner Barristers.”   3
   The whole society is divided into three ranks: Benchers, Utter Barristers, and Inner Barristers.   4
   An Inner Barrister. A barrister inferior in grade to a Bencher or Utter Barrister.   5
   A Revising Barrister. One appointed to revise the lists of electors.   6
   A Vacation Barrister. One newly called to the bar, who for three years has to attend in “long vacation.”   7

 Barring-out.Barristers’ Bags. 


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