E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Founders of Rome. (1) Romulus, the legendary founder, B.C. 752; (2) Camillus was termed the Second Romulus, for saving Rome from the Gauls, B.C. 365; (3) Caius Marius was called the Third Romulus, for saving Rome from the Teutones and Cimbri, B.C. 101.
From Rome to May. A bantering expression, equivalent to the following:From April to the foot of Westminster Bridge; Inter pascha Rennesque feror (Reinardus, ii. 690); Inter Cluniacum et Sancti festa Johannis obit (Reinardus, iv. 972); Cela sest passé entre Maubeuge et la Pentecóte.
Tis ill sitting at Rome and striving with the Pope. Never tread on a mans corns. Never wear a brown hat in Friesland (q.v.).
Mr. Harrison the steward, and Gudyell the butler, are no very fond ous, and its ill sitting at Rome and striving with the pope, sae I thought it best to flit before ill came.Sir W. Scott: Old Mortality, chap. viii.
Oh, that all Rome had but one head, that I might strike it off at a blow! Caligula, the Roman emperor, is said to have uttered this amiable sentiment.
When you go to Rome, do as Rome doesi.e. conform to the manners and customs of those amongst whom you live, and dont wear a brown hat in Friesland. St. Monica and her son St. Augustine, said to St. Ambrose: At Rome they fast on Saturday, but not so at Milan; which practice ought to be observed? To which St. Ambrose replied, When I am at Milan, I do as they do at Milan; but when I do as they do at Milan; but when I go to Rome, I do as Rome does. (Epistle xxxvi.) Compare 2 Kings v. 18, 19.