E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
King of Nineveh and Assyria, noted for his luxury and voluptuousness. His effeminacy induced Arbaces, the Mede, to conspire against him. Myrra, an Ionian slave, and his favourite concubine, roused him from his lethargy, and induced him to appear at the head of his armies. He won three successive battles, but being then defeated, was induced by Myrra to place himself on a funeral pile, which she herself set fire to, and then jumping into the flames, perished with her beloved master. (Died B.C. 817.) (Byron: Sardanapalus.)
A Sardanapalus. Any luxurious, extravagant, self-willed tyrant. (See above.)
Sardanapalus of China. Cheo-tsin, who shut himself and his queen in his palace, and set fire to the building, that he might not fall into the hands of Woowong, who founded the dynasty of Tchow (B.C. 11541122). It was Cheotsin who invented the chopsticks.