Reference > Brewer’s Dictionary > Sat’ire (2 syl.).

E. Cobham Brewer 1810–1897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Sat’ire (2 syl.).
Scaliger’s derivation of this word from satyr is untenable. It is from sat’ura (full of variety), sat’ura lanx, a hotchpotch or olla podrida. As max’umus, optu’mus, etc., became maximus, optimus, so “satura” became sat’ira. (See Dryden’s Dedication prefixed to his Satires.)   1
   Father of satire. Archil’ochos of Paros (B.C. seventh century).   2
   Father of French satire. Mathurin Regnier (1573–1613).   3
   Father of Roman satire. Lucilius (B.C. (148–103).   4
“Lucilius was the man who, bravely bold,
To Roman vices did the mirror hold;
Protected humble goodness from reproach,
Showed worth on foot, and rascals in a coach.”
Dryden: Art of Poetry, c. ii.



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