E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
In Turkey, either a member of the college or the college itself. The Ulema consists of the imaums, muftis, and cadis (ministers of religion, doctors of law, and administrators of justice). Ulema is the plural of ulim, a wise man.
The Ulema is not an ecclesiastical body, except so far as law in Mahometan countries is based on the Koran.Creasy: Ottoman Turks, vi. 105.