Reference > Brewer’s Dictionary > City of the Violet Crown.

 City of the Sun (The).Civic Crown. 
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E. Cobham Brewer 1810–1897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
 
City of the Violet Crown.
 
Athens is so called by Aristophans (iotaosigmatauεphialphanuozetasee Equites, 1323 and 1329; and Acharnians, 637). Macaulay refers to Athens as the “violet-crowned city.” Ion (a violet) was a representative king of Athens, whose four sons gave names to the four Athenian classes; and Greece, in Asia Minor, was called Ionia. Athens was the city of “Ion crowned its king” or “of the Violet crowned.” Similarly Paris is the “city of lilies”—i.e. fleursde-luce or Louis-flowers.   1
   I do not think that Athens was called iotaosigmatauεphialphanuozeta from “the purple hue which Hymettus assumed in the evening sky.”   2
 


 City of the Sun (The).Civic Crown. 

 
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