E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Collectivism is the opposite of Individualism. In the latter system, everyone is to be his own master, and everything is to be free and in common. In the former system, government is to be the sole employer, the sole landlord, and the sole pay-master. Private property is to be abolished, competition to be stamped out; everyone must work for his living, and the State must find the work. Bellamys novel of Looking Backward will give a pretty fair notion of what is meant by Collectivism. (See INDIVIDUALISTS.)