Reference > Brewer’s Dictionary > Doncaster.

E. Cobham Brewer 1810–1897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Sigebert, monk of Gemblours, in 1100, derived this word from Thong-ceaster, the “Castle of the thong,” and says that Hengist and Horsa purchased of the British king as much land as he could encompass with a leather thong. The thong was cut into strips, and encompassed the land occupied by the city of Doncaster.   1
   This is the old tale of Dido and the hide, and so is the Russian Yakutsks. (See BURSA.)   2
   Of course it means the “City on the river Don.” (Celtic, Don, that which spreads.)   3



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