Reference > Brewer’s Dictionary > Er’mine Street.

 Er’mine or Hermine.Ermin’ia. 
E. Cobham Brewer 1810–1897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Er’mine Street.
One of the four great public ways made in England by the Romans. The other three are Watling Street, Ikenild Street, and the Fosse. German’icus derives Ermin from Hermës, whence Irminsull (a column of Mercury), because Mercury presided over public roads. This is not correct; Irminsul, or rather Ermensul, is the Scandinavian Odin, not a “Column of Mercury” at all; and Erming Street really means Odin’s Street.   1
“Fair weyes many on ther ben in Englond,
But four most of all ben zunderstond …
Fram the south into the north takit Erming-strete;
Fram the east into the west goeth Ikeneld-strete;
Fram south-est [east] to North-west (that is sum del grete)
Fram Dorer [Dover] into Chestre go’th Watling-strete;
The forth is most of all that tills from Totëneys—
Fram the one end of Cornwall anon to Catenays [Caithness]—
Fram the south to North-est into Englondes end
Fosse men callith thisk voix.”
Robert of Gloucester.

 Er’mine or Hermine.Ermin’ia. 


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