Reference > Brewer’s Dictionary > Excheq’uer.

 Excep’tions prove the Rule.Exci’se (2 syl.) 
E. Cobham Brewer 1810–1897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Court of Exchequer. In the subdivision of the court in the reign of Edward I., the Exchequer acquired a separate and independent position. Its special duty was to order the revenues of the Crown and recover the king’s debts. It was denominated Scacca’rium, from scaccum (a chess-board), and was so called because a chequered cloth was laid on the table of the court. (Madox: History of the Exchequer.)   1
   Foss, in his Lives of the Judges, gives a slightly different explanation. He says: “All round the table was a standing ledge four fingers broad, covered with a cloth bought in the Easter Term, and this cloth was ‘black rowed with strekes about a span, like a chess-board. On the spaces of this cloth counters were arranged, marked for checking computations.’”   2

 Excep’tions prove the Rule.Exci’se (2 syl.) 


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