Reference > Brewer’s Dictionary > Flowers and Trees.

 Flower of the Lev’ant.Flowers and Trees with Christian Traditions. 
E. Cobham Brewer 1810–1897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Flowers and Trees.
(1) Dedicated to heathen gods:   1
TheCornel cherry-treeto Apollo
” Cypress” Pluto.
” Dittany” The Moon.
” Laurel” Apollo.
” Lily ” Juno.
” Maiden’s-hair” Pluto.
” Myrtle” Venus.
” Narcissus ” Cerës.
” Oak” Jupiter.
” Olive” Minerva.
” Poppy” Cerës.
” Vine” Bacchus
   (2) Dedicated to saints;   2
Canterbury Bellsto St. Augustine of England.
Crocus ” St. Valentine.
Crown Imperial” Edward the Confessor.
Daisy” St. Margaret.
Herb Christophe” St. Christopher.
Lady’s-smock” The Virgin-Mary.
Rose” Mary Magdalene.
St. John’s-wort” St. John.
St. Barnaby’s Thistle” St. Barnabas.
   (3) National emblems:   3
Leekemblem of Wales.
Lily (Fleur-de-lys)” France.
” (Giglio blanco)” Florence.
” white” the Ghibelline badge.
” red” badge of the Guelphs.
Linden” Prussia.
Mignonette” Saxony.
Pomegranate” Spain.
Rose” England.
” red, Lancastrains; white.Yorkists.
Shamrockemblem of Ireland.
Thistle” Scotland.
Violet” Athens and Napoleon
Sugar Maple” Canada.
   (4) Symbols:   4
Boxis a symbol of the resurrection.
Cedars” the faithful.
Corn-ears” the Holy Communion.
Dates” the faithful.
Grapes” this is my blood.
Holly” the resurrection.
Ivy” the resurrection.
Lily” purity
Olive” peace.
Orange-blossom” virginity.
Palm” victory.
Rose” incorruption.
Vine” Christ our Life.
Yew” death.
        N.B.—The laurel, oak, olive, myrtle, rosemary, cypress, and amaranth are all funereal plants.

 Flower of the Lev’ant.Flowers and Trees with Christian Traditions. 

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