E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Public games were held both in Greece and Rome in honour of the honoured dead. Examples of this custom are numerous: as at the death of Azan (son of Arcas, father of the Arcadians); the games instituted by Hercules at the death of Pelops; those held at the death of dipus; the games held by Achilles in honour of his friend Patroclos (Homer: Iliad, book xxiii.); those held by Ænas in honour of his father Anchses (Virgil: Ænid, book v.); the games held in honour of Miltids (Herodotos); those in honour of Brasdas (Thucydds); and those in honour of Timolon mentioned on Plutarch. The spectators at these games generally dressed in white.