E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
A county division mentioned in Domesday Book, and supposed to embrace ten tithings for military and constabulary purposes. If a crime was committed (such as robbery, maiming cattle, stack-burning, etc.), these sureties were bound to make it good, or bring the offender to justice.
Northumberland, Cumberland, Westmoreland, and Durham are divided into wards (q.v.).
Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, and Notts, into wapentakes (q.v.). Yorkshire has also a special division, called ridings (q.v.).
Kent is divided into five lathes, with subordinate hundreds. (See LATHES.)
Sussex is divided into six rapes (1 syl.), with subordinate hundreds. (See RAPES.)