Reference > Brewer’s Dictionary > Koumiss or Kumiss.

E. Cobham Brewer 1810–1897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Koumiss or Kumiss.
Fermented mare’s milk used as a beverage by the Tartar tribes of Central Asia. A slightly alcoholic drink of a similar kind is made with great ceremony in Siberia. It consists of slightly sour cow’s milk, sugar, and yeast. (Russian, kumuisu.)   1
        “Kumiss is still prepared from mare’s milk by the Calmucks and Nogais, who, during the process of making it, keep the milk in constant agitation.”—Rawlinson: Herodotus, vol. iii. book iv. p. 2.
   The ceremony of making it is described at full length by Noel, in the Dictionnaire de la Fable, vol. i. 833–834.   2



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