|Henry Gray (18251861). Anatomy of the Human Body. 1918.|
The Tibial Collateral Ligament (ligamentum collaterale tibiale; internal lateral ligament) (Fig. 345).The tibial collateral is a broad, flat, membranous band, situated nearer to the back than to the front of the joint. It is attached, above, to the medial condyle of the femur immediately below the adductor tubercle; below, to the medial condyle and medial surface of the body of the tibia. The fibers of the posterior part of the ligament are short and incline backward as they descend; they are inserted into the tibia above the groove for the Semimembranosus. The anterior part of the ligament is a flattened band, about 10 cm. long, which inclines forward as it descends. It is inserted into the medial surface of the body of the tibia about 2.5 cm. below the level of the condyle. It is crossed, at its lower part, by the tendons of the Sartorius, Gracilis, and Semitendinosus, a bursa being interposed. Its deep surface covers the inferior medial genicular vessels and nerve and the anterior portion of the tendon of the Semimembranosus, with which it is connected by a few fibers; it is intimately adherent to the medial meniscus.
FIG. 346 Right knee-joint. Posterior view. (See enlarged image)
FIG. 347 Right knee-joint, from the front, showing interior ligaments. (See enlarged image)
The Fibular Collateral Ligament (ligamentum collaterale fibulare; external lateral or long external lateral ligament) (Fig. 348).The fibular collateral is a strong, rounded, fibrous cord, attached, above, to the back part of the lateral condyle of the femur, immediately above the groove for the tendon of the Popliteus; below, to the lateral side of the head of the fibula, in front of the styloid process. The greater part of its lateral surface is covered by the tendon of the Biceps femoris; the tendon, however, divides at its insertion into two parts, which are separated by the ligament. Deep to the ligament are the tendon of the Popliteus, and the inferior lateral genicular vessels and nerve. The ligament has no attachment to the lateral meniscus.