|Mawson, C.O.S., ed. (18701938). Rogets International Thesaurus. 1922.|
|Class VI. Words Relating to the Sentient and Moral Powers|
|Section IV. Moral Affections|
| 5. Institutions|
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|NOUN:||PUNISHMENT, punition, chastisement, chastening, correction, castigation; discipline, infliction, trial; judgment; penalty [See Penalty]; retribution; thunderbolt, Nemesis, Eumenides, the Furies; requital (reward) [See Reward]; retributive justice; penology.|
[FORMS OF PUNISHMENT] lash, scaffold &c. (instrument of punishment) [See Scourge]; imprisonment (restraint) [See Restraint]; transportation, banishment, expulsion, exile, involuntary exile, ostracism; penal servitude, hard labor; galleys [See Scourge]; beating &c. v.; flagellation, fustigation, cudgeling, gantlet, strappado, estrapade, bastinado, argumentum baculinum [L.], stick law, rap on the knuckles, box on the ear; blow (impulse) [See Impulse]; stripe, cuff, kick, buffet, pummel; slap, - in the face; wipe [dial. or slang], douse or dowse [rare]; torture, rack; rail-riding, scarpines; picket [obs.], picketing; dragonnade.
CAPITAL PUNISHMENT, execution; hanging, shooting &c. v.; electrocution, decapitation, decollation, dismemberment; strangling, strangulation, garrote or garrotte; crucifixion, impalement; martyrdom, auto-da-fé (pl. autos-da-fé) [Pg.], auto-de-fe [Sp.], noyade [F.], harakiri [Jap.], seppuku [Jap.], happy dispatch [jocular], lethal chamber, hemlock.
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|VERB:||PUNISH, chastise, chasten, castigate, correct, inflict punishment, administer correction, deal retributive justice; tar and feather; masthead, keelhaul.|
visit upon, pay; pay out [colloq.], serve out [colloq.], settle, settle with, do for [colloq.], get even with, get ones own back [slang], make short work of, give a lesson to, serve one right, make an example of; have a rod in pickle for; give it to, give it one [both colloq.].
STRIKE [See Impulse]; deal a blow to, administer the lash, smite; slap, - the face; smack, cuff, box the ears, spank, thwack, thump, beat, lay on, swinge, buffet; thresh, thrash, pummel, drub, leather [colloq. or slang], trounce, baste, belabor; lace, - ones jacket; dress, dress down, give a dressing, trim [colloq.], warm [colloq. & dial.], warm ones jacket [colloq.], wipe [dial. or slang], tund [obs.], cob [dial., Eng.], bang, strap, comb [humorous], lick, larrup [both colloq.], wallop [Scot., dial. Eng. & colloq., U. S]., cowhide, lambaste [slang], lash, whop [obs.], flog, scourge, whip, birch, cane, give the stick, switch, flagellate, horsewhip, bastinado, towel [slang or dial. Eng.], rub down with an oaken towel [slang], ribroast [slang], dust ones jacket [colloq. or slang], fustigate, pitch into [colloq.], lay about one, beat black and blue; beat to a -mummy, - jelly; give a black eye; hit on the head, crack on the bean [slang], sandbag, blackjack, put away [slang]; pelt, stone, lapidate.
EXECUTE; bring to the -block, - gallows; behead, decapitate, decollate, guillotine; hang, turn off [slang], gibbet, bowstring, dismember, hang draw and quarter; shoot; burn; break on the wheel, crucify; impale or empale, flay; lynch; electrocute.
TORTURE, agonize, rack, put on (or to) the rack, martyr, martyrize, picket [obs. or hist.]; prolong the agony, kill by inches.
BANISH, exile, transport, deport, expel, ostracize; rusticate; drum out; dismiss, disbar, disbench [Eng. law]; strike off the roll, unfrock; post.
SUFFER, suffer for, suffer punishment; be flogged, be hanged &c.; come to the gallows, dance upon nothing [ironical], die in ones shoes; be rightly served.
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|ADJECTIVE:||PUNISHING &c. v.; penal, punitory, punitive, inflictive, castigatory; punished &c. v.|
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|INTERJECTION:||à la lanterne! [F.].|
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- Culpam pæna premit comes.Horace
- Eating the bitter bread of banishment.Richard II
- Gravis ira regum est semper.Seneca
- Sera tamen tacitis pæna venit pedibus.Tibullus
- Suo sibi gladio hunc jugulo.Terence
- Thou shalt be whippd with wire, and stewed in brine, Smarting in lingring pickle.Antony and Cleopatra
- Back to thy punishment, False fugitive, and to thy speed add wings.Paradise Lost