Prometheus Unbound: A Lyrical Drama in Four Acts.



Act I

SCENE, a Ravine of Icy Rocks in the Indian Caucasus. PROMETHEUS is discovered bound to the Precipice. PANTEA and IONE are seated at his feet. Time, Night. During the Scene morning slowly breaks.
 PROMETHEUS MONARCH of Gods and Dæmons, and all Spirits But One, who throng those bright and rolling worlds Which Thou and I alone of living things Behold with sleepless eyes! regard this Earth Made multitudinous with thy slaves, whom thou Requitest for knee-worship, prayer, and praise, And toil, and hecatombs of broken hearts, With fear and self-contempt and barren hope; Whilst me, who am thy foe, eyeless in hate, Hast thou made reign and triumph, to thy scorn, 10 O'er mine own misery and thy vain revenge. Three thousand years of sleep-unsheltered hours, And moments aye divided by keen pangs Till they seemed years, torture and solitude, Scorn and despair--these are mine empire: More glorious far than that which thou surveyest From thine unenvied throne, O Mighty God! Almighty, had I deigned to share the shame Of thine ill tyranny, and hung not here Nailed to this wall of eagle-baffling mountain, 20 Black, wintry, dead, unmeasured; without herb, Insect, or beast, or shape or sound of life. Ah me! alas, pain, pain ever, forever! No change, no pause, no hope! Yet I endure. I ask the Earth, have not the mountains felt? I ask yon Heaven, the all-beholding Sun, Has it not seen? The Sea, in storm or calm, Heaven's ever-changing shadow, spread below, Have its deaf waves not heard my agony? Ah me! alas, pain, pain ever, forever! 30 The crawling glaciers pierce me with the spears Of their moon-freezing crystals; the bright chains Eat with their burning cold into my bones. Heaven's wingèd hound, polluting from thy lips His beak in poison not his own, tears up My heart; and shapeless sights come wandering by, The ghastly people of the realm of dream, Mocking me; and the Earthquake-fiends are charged To wrench the rivets from my quivering wounds When the rocks split and close again behind; 40 While from their loud abysses howling throng The genii of the storm, urging the rage Of whirlwind, and afflict me with keen hail. And yet to me welcome is day and night, Whether one breaks the hoar-frost of the morn, Or starry, dim, and slow, the other climbs The leaden-colored east; for then they lead The wingless, crawling hours, one among whom-- As some dark Priest hales the reluctant victim-- Shall drag thee, cruel King, to kiss the blood 50 From these pale feet, which then might trample thee If they disdained not such a prostrate slave. Disdain! Ah, no! I pity thee. What ruin Will hunt thee undefended through the wide Heaven! How will thy soul, cloven to its depth with terror, Gape like a hell within! I speak in grief, Not exultation, for I hate no more, As then ere misery made me wise. The curse Once breathed on thee I would recall. Ye Mountains, Whose many-voicèd Echoes, through the mist 60 Of cataracts, flung the thunder of that spell! Ye icy Springs, stagnant with wrinkling frost, Which vibrated to hear me, and then crept Shuddering through India! Thou serenest Air Through which the Sun walks burning without beams! And ye swift Whirlwinds, who on poisèd wings Hung mute and moveless o'er yon hushed abyss, As thunder, louder than your own, made rock The orbèd world! If then my words had power, Though I am changed so that aught evil wish 70 Is dead within; although no memory be Of what is hate, let them not lose it now! What was that curse? for ye all heard me speak. FIRST VOICE: from the Mountains Thrice three hundred thousand years O'er the earthquake's couch we stood; Oft, as men convulsed with fears, We trembled in our multitude. SECOND VOICE: from the Springs Thunderbolts had parched our water, We had been stained with bitter blood, And had run mute, 'mid shrieks of slaughter 80 Through a city and a solitude. THIRD VOICE: from the Air I had clothed, since Earth uprose, Its wastes in colors not their own, And oft had my serene repose Been cloven by many a rending groan. FOURTH VOICE: from the Whirlwinds We had soared beneath these mountains Unresting ages; nor had thunder, Nor yon volcano's flaming fountains, Nor any power above or under Ever made us mute with wonder. 90 FIRST VOICE But never bowed our snowy crest As at the voice of thine unrest. SECOND VOICE Never such a sound before To the Indian waves we bore. A pilot asleep on the howling sea Leaped up from the deck in agony, And heard, and cried, 'Ah, woe is me!' And died as mad as the wild waves be. THIRD VOICE By such dread words from Earth to Heaven My still realm was never riven; 100 When its wound was closed, there stood Darkness o'er the day like blood. FOURTH VOICE And we shrank back: for dreams of ruin To frozen caves our flight pursuing Made us keep silence--thus--and thus-- Though silence is a hell to us. THE EARTH The tongueless caverns of the craggy hills Cried, 'Misery!' then; the hollow Heaven replied, 'Misery!' And the Ocean's purple waves, Climbing the land, howled to the lashing winds, 110 And the pale nations heard it, 'Misery!' PROMETHEUS I hear a sound of voices; not the voice Which I gave forth. Mother, thy sons and thou Scorn him, without whose all-enduring will Beneath the fierce omnipotence of Jove, Both they and thou had vanished, like thin mist Unrolled on the morning wind. Know ye not me, The Titan? He who made his agony The barrier to your else all-conquering foe? O rock-embosomed lawns and snow-fed streams, 120 Now seen athwart frore vapors, deep below, Through whose o'ershadowing woods I wandered once With Asia, drinking life from her loved eyes; Why scorns the spirit, which informs ye, now To commune with me? me alone who checked, As one who checks a fiend-drawn charioteer, The falsehood and the force of him who reigns Supreme, and with the groans of pining slaves Fills your dim glens and liquid wildernesses: Why answer ye not, still? Brethren! THE EARTH They dare not. 130 PROMETHEUS Who dares? for I would hear that curse again. Ha, what an awful whisper rises up! 'Tis scarce like sound; it tingles through the frame As lightning tingles, hovering ere it strike. Speak, Spirit! from thine inorganic voice I only know that thou art moving near And love. How cursed I him? THE EARTH How canst thou hear Who knowest not the language of the dead? PROMETHEUS Thou art a living spirit; speak as they. THE EARTH I dare not speak like life, lest Heaven's fell King 140 Should hear, and link me to some wheel of pain More torturing than the one whereon I roll. Subtle thou art and good; and though the Gods Hear not this voice, yet thou art more than God, Being wise and kind: earnestly hearken now. PROMETHEUS Obscurely through my brain, like shadows dim, Sweep awful thoughts, rapid and thick. I feel Faint, like one mingled in entwining love; Yet 't is not pleasure. THE EARTH No, thou canst not hear; Thou art immortal, and this tongue is known 150 Only to those who die. PROMETHEUS And what art thou, O melancholy Voice? THE EARTH I am the Earth, Thy mother; she within whose stony veins, To the last fibre of the loftiest tree Whose thin leaves trembled in the frozen air, Joy ran, as blood within a living frame, When thou didst from her bosom, like a cloud Of glory, arise, a spirit of keen joy! And at thy voice her pining sons uplifted Their prostrate brows from the polluting dust, 160 And our almighty Tyrant with fierce dread Grew pale, until his thunder chained thee here. Then--see those million worlds which burn and roll Around us--their inhabitants beheld My spherèd light wane in wide Heaven; the sea Was lifted by strange tempest, and new fire From earthquake-rifted mountains of bright snow Shook its portentous hair beneath Heaven's frown; Lightning and Inundation vexed the plains; Blue thistles bloomed in cities; foodless toads 170 Within voluptuous chambers panting crawled. When Plague had fallen on man and beast and worm, And Famine; and black blight on herb and tree; And in the corn, and vines, and meadow-grass, Teemed ineradicable poisonous weeds Draining their growth, for my wan breast was dry With grief, and the thin air, my breath, was stained With the contagion of a mother's hate Breathed on her child's destroyer; ay, I heard Thy curse, the which, if thou rememberest not, 180 Yet my innumerable seas and streams, Mountains, and caves, and winds, and yon wide air, And the inarticulate people of the dead, Preserve, a treasured spell. We meditate In secret joy and hope those dreadful words, But dare not speak them. PROMETHEUS Venerable mother! All else who live and suffer take from thee Some comfort; flowers, and fruits, and happy sounds, And love, though fleeting; these may not be mine. But mine own words, I pray, deny me not. 190 THE EARTH They shall be told. Ere Babylon was dust, The Magus Zoroaster, my dead child, Met his own image walking in the garden. That apparition, sole of men, he saw. For know there are two worlds of life and death: One that which thou beholdest; but the other Is underneath the grave, where do inhabit The shadows of all forms that think and live, Till death unite them and they part no more; Dreams and the light imaginings of men, 200 And all that faith creates or love desires, Terrible, strange, sublime and beauteous shapes. There thou art, and dost hang, a writhing shade, 'Mid whirlwind-peopled mountains; all the gods Are there, and all the powers of nameless worlds, Vast, sceptred phantoms; heroes, men, and beasts; And Demogorgon, a tremendous gloom; And he, the supreme Tyrant, on his throne Of burning gold. Son, one of these shall utter The curse which all remember. Call at will 210 Thine own ghost, or the ghost of Jupiter, Hades or Typhon, or what mightier Gods From all-prolific Evil, since thy ruin, Have sprung, and trampled on my prostrate sons. Ask, and they must reply: so the revenge Of the Supreme may sweep through vacant shades, As rainy wind through the abandoned gate Of a fallen palace. PROMETHEUS Mother, let not aught Of that which may be evil pass again My lips, or those of aught resembling me. 220 Phantasm of Jupiter, arise, appear! IONE My wings are folded o'er mine ears; My wings are crossèd o'er mine eyes; Yet through their silver shade appears, And through their lulling plumes arise, A Shape, a throng of sounds. May it be no ill to thee O thou of many wounds! Near whom, for our sweet sister's sake, Ever thus we watch and wake. 230 PANTHEA The sound is of whirlwind underground, Earthquake, and fire, and mountains cloven; The shape is awful, like the sound, Clothed in dark purple, star-inwoven. A sceptre of pale gold, To stay steps proud, o'er the slow cloud, His veinèd hand doth hold. Cruel he looks, but calm and strong, Like one who does, not suffers wrong. PHANTASM OF JUPITER Why have the secret powers of this strange world 240 Driven me, a frail and empty phantom, hither On direst storms? What unaccustomed sounds Are hovering on my lips, unlike the voice With which our pallid race hold ghastly talk In darkness? And, proud sufferer, who art thou? PROMETHEUS Tremendous Image! as thou art must be He whom thou shadowest forth. I am his foe, The Titan. Speak the words which I would hear, Although no thought inform thine empty voice. THE EARTH Listen! And though your echoes must be mute, 250 Gray mountains, and old woods, and haunted springs, Prophetic caves, and isle-surrounding streams, Rejoice to hear what yet ye cannot speak. PHANTASM A spirit seizes me and speaks within; It tears me as fire tears a thunder-cloud. PANTHEA See how he lifts his mighty looks! the Heaven Darkens above. IONE He speaks! Oh, shelter me! PROMETHEUS I see the curse on gestures proud and cold, And looks of firm defiance, and calm hate, And such despair as mocks itself with smiles, 260 Written as on a scroll: yet speak! Oh, speak! PHANTASM Fiend, I defy thee! with a calm, fixed mind, All that thou canst inflict I bid thee do; Foul tyrant both of Gods and humankind, One only being shalt thou not subdue. Rain then thy plagues upon me here, Ghastly disease, and frenzying fear; And let alternate frost and fire Eat into me, and be thine ire Lightning, and cutting hail, and legioned forms 270 Of furies, driving by upon the wounding storms. Ay, do thy worst! Thou art omnipotent. O'er all things but thyself I gave thee power, And my own will. Be thy swift mischiefs sent To blast mankind, from yon ethereal tower. Let thy malignant spirit move In darkness over those I love; On me and mine I imprecate The utmost torture of thy hate; And thus devote to sleepless agony, 280 This undeclining head while thou must reign on high. But thou, who art the God and Lord: O thou Who fillest with thy soul this world of woe, To whom all things of Earth and Heaven do bow In fear and worship--all-prevailing foe! I curse thee! let a sufferer's curse Clasp thee, his torturer, like remorse; Till thine Infinity shall be A robe of envenomed agony; And thine Omnipotence a crown of pain, 290 To cling like burning gold round thy dissolving brain! Heap on thy soul, by virtue of this Curse, Ill deeds; then be thou damned, beholding good; Both infinite as is the universe, And thou, and thy self-torturing solitude. An awful image of calm power Though now thou sittest, let the hour Come, when thou must appear to be That which thou art internally; And after many a false and fruitless crime, 300 Scorn track thy lagging fall through boundless space and time! PROMETHEUS Were these my words, O Parent? THE EARTH They were thine. PROMETHEUS It doth repent me; words are quick and vain; Grief for awhile is blind, and so was mine. I wish no living thing to suffer pain. THE EARTH Misery, oh, misery to me, That Jove at length should vanquish thee! Wail, howl aloud, Land and Sea, The Earth's rent heart shall answer ye! Howl, Spirits of the living and the dead, 310 Your refuge, your defence, lies fallen and vanquishèd! FIRST ECHO Lies fallen and vanquishèd! SECOND ECHO Fallen and vanquishèd! IONE Fear not: 't is but some passing spasm, The Titan is unvanquished still. But see, where through the azure chasm Of yon forked and snowy hill, Trampling the slant winds on high With golden-sandalled feet, that glow Under plumes of purple dye, 320 Like rose-ensanguined ivory, A Shape comes now, Stretching on high from his right hand A serpent-cinctured wand. PANTHEA 'T is Jove's world-wandering herald, Mercury. IONE And who are those with hydra tresses And iron wings, that climb the wind, Whom the frowning God represses,-- Like vapors steaming up behind, Clanging loud, an endless crowd? 330 PANTHEA These are Jove's tempest-walking hounds, Whom he gluts with groans and blood, When charioted on sulphurous cloud He bursts Heaven's bounds. IONE Are they now led from the thin dead On new pangs to be fed? PANTHEA The Titan looks as ever, firm, not proud. FIRST FURY Ha! I scent life! SECOND FURY Let me but look into his eyes! THIRD FURY The hope of torturing him smells like a heap Of corpses to a death-bird after battle. 340 FIRST FURY Darest thou delay, O Herald! take cheer, Hounds Of Hell: what if the Son of Maia soon Should make us food and sport--who can please long The Omnipotent? MERCURY Back to your towers of iron, And gnash, beside the streams of fire and wail, Your foodless teeth. Geryon, arise! and Gorgon, Chimæra, and thou Sphinx, subtlest of fiends, Who ministered to Thebes Heaven's poisoned wine, Unnatural love, and more unnatural hate: These shall perform your task. FIRST FURY Oh, mercy! mercy! 350 We die with our desire! drive us not back! MERCURY Crouch then in silence. Awful Sufferer! To thee unwilling, most unwillingly I come, by the great Father's will driven down, To execute a doom of new revenge. Alas! I pity thee, and hate myself That I can do no more; aye from thy sight Returning, for a season, Heaven seems Hell, So thy worn form pursues me night and day, Smiling reproach. Wise art thou, firm and good, 360 But vainly wouldst stand forth alone in strife Against the Omnipotent; as yon clear lamps, That measure and divide the weary years From which there is no refuge, long have taught And long must teach. Even now thy Torturer arms With the strange might of unimagined pains The powers who scheme slow agonies in Hell, And my commission is to lead them here, Or what more subtle, foul, or savage fiends People the abyss, and leave them to their task. 370 Be it not so! there is a secret known To thee, and to none else of living things, Which may transfer the sceptre of wide Heaven, The fear of which perplexes the Supreme. Clothe it in words, and bid it clasp his throne In intercession; bend thy soul in prayer, And like a suppliant in some gorgeous fane, Let the will kneel within thy haughty heart, For benefits and meek submission tame The fiercest and the mightiest. PROMETHEUS Evil minds 380 Change good to their own nature. I gave all He has; and in return he chains me here Years, ages, night and day; whether the Sun Split my parched skin, or in the moony night The crystal-wingèd snow cling round my hair; Whilst my belovèd race is trampled down By his thought-executing ministers. Such is the tyrant's recompense. 'T is just. He who is evil can receive no good; And for a world bestowed, or a friend lost, 390 He can feel hate, fear, shame; not gratitude. He but requites me for his own misdeed. Kindness to such is keen reproach, which breaks With bitter stings the light sleep of Revenge. Submission thou dost know I cannot try. For what submission but that fatal word, The death-seal of mankind's captivity, Like the Sicilian's hair-suspended sword, Which trembles o'er his crown, would he accept, Or could I yield? Which yet I will not yield. 400 Let others flatter Crime where it sis throned In brief Omnipotence; secure are they; For Justice, when triumphant, will weep down Pity, not punishment, on her own wrongs, Too much avenged by those who err. I wait, Enduring thus, the retributive hour Which since we spake is even nearer now. But hark, the hell-hounds clamor: fear delay: Behold! Heaven lowers under thy Father's frown. MERCURY Oh, that we might be spared; I to inflict, 410 And thou to suffer! Once more answer me. Thou knowest not the period of Jove's power? PROMETHEUS I know but this, that it must come. MERCURY Alas! Thou canst not count thy years to come of pain! PROMETHEUS They last while Jove must reign; nor more, nor less Do I desire or fear. MERCURY Yet pause, and plunge Into Eternity, where recorded time, Even all that we imagine, age on age, Seems but a point, and the reluctant mind Flags wearily in its unending flight, 420 Till it sink, dizzy, blind, lot, shelterless; Perchance it has not numbered the slow years Which thou must spend in torture, unreprieved? PROMETHEUS Perchance no thought can count them, yet they pass. MERCURY If thou mightst dwell among the Gods the while, Lapped in voluptuous joy? PROMETHEUS I would not quit This bleak ravine, these unrepentant pains. MERCURY Alas! I wonder at, yet pity thee. PROMETHEUS Pity the self-despising slaves of Heaven, Not me, within whose mind sits peace serene, 430 As light in the sun, throned. How vain is talk! Call up the fiends. IONE Oh, sister, look! White fire Has cloven to the roots yon huge snow-loaded cedar; How fearfully God's thunder howls behind! MERCURY I must obey his words and thine. Alas! Most heavily remorse hangs at my heart! PANTHEA See where the child of Heaven, with wingèd feet, Runs down the slanted sunlight of the dawn. IONE Dear sister, close thy plumes over thine eyes Lest thou behold and die; they come--they come-- 440 Blackening the birth of day with countless wings, And hollow underneath, like death. FIRST FURY Prometheus! SECOND FURY Immortal Titan! THIRD FURY Champion of Heaven's slaves! PROMETHEUS He whom some dreadful voice invokes is here, Prometheus, the chained Titan. Horrible forms, What and who are ye? Never yet there came Phantasms so foul through monster-teeming Hell From the all-miscreative brain of Jove. Whilst I behold such execrable shapes, Methinks I grow like what I contemplate, 450 And laugh and stare in loathsome sympathy. FIRST FURY We are the ministers of pain, and fear, And disappointment, and mistrust, and hate, And clinging crime; and as lean dogs pursue Through wood and lake some struck and sobbing fawn, We track all things that weep, and bleed, and live, When the great King betrays them to our will. PROMETHEUS O many fearful natures in one name, I know ye; and these lakes and echoes know The darkness and the clangor of your wings! 460 But why more hideous than your loathèd selves Gather ye up in legions from the deep? SECOND FURY We knew not that. Sisters, rejoice, rejoice! PROMETHEUS Can aught exult in its deformity? SECOND FURY The beauty of delight makes lovers glad, Gazing on one another: so are we. As from the rose which the pale priestess kneels To gather for her festal crown of flowers The aërial crimson falls, flushing her cheek, So from our victim's destined agony 470 The shade which is our form invests us round; Else we are shapeless as our mother Night. PROMETHEUS I laugh your power, and his who sent you here, To lowest scorn. Pour forth the cup of pain. FIRST FURY Thou thinkest we will rend thee bone from bone And nerve from nerve, working like fire within? PROMETHEUS Pain is my element, as hate is thine; Ye rend me now; I care not. SECOND FURY Dost imagine We will but laugh into thy lidless eyes? PROMETHEUS I weigh not what ye do, but what ye suffer, 480 Being evil. Cruel was the power which called You, or aught else so wretched, into light. THIRD FURY Thou think'st we will live through thee, one by one, Like animal life, and though we can obscure not The soul which burns within, that we will dwell Beside it, like a vain loud multitude, Vexing the self-content of wisest men; That we will be dread thought beneath thy brain, And foul desire round thine astonished heart, And blood within thy labyrinthine veins 490 Crawling like agony? PROMETHEUS Why, ye are thus now; Yet am I king over myself, and rule The torturing and conflicting throngs within, As Jove rules you when Hell grows mutinous. CHORUS OF FURIES From the ends of the earth, from the ends of the earth, Where the night has its grave and the morning its birth, Come, come, come! O ye who shake hills with the scream of your mirth When cities sink howling in ruin; and ye Who with wingless footsteps trample the sea, 500 And close upon Shipwreck and Famine's track Sit chattering with joy on the foodless wreck; Come, come, come! Leave the bed, low, cold, and red, Strewed beneath a nation dead; Leave the hatred, as in ashes Fire is left for future burning; It will burst in bloodier flashes When ye stir it, soon returning; Leave the self-contempt implanted 510 In young spirits, sense-enchanted, Misery's yet unkindled fuel; Leave Hell's secrets half unchanted To the maniac dreamer; cruel More than ye can be with hate Is he with fear. Come, come, come! We are steaming up from Hell's wide gate And we burden the blasts of the atmosphere, But vainly we toil till ye come here. 520 IONE. Sister, I hear the thunder of new wings. PANTHEA These solid mountains quiver with the sound Even as the tremulous air; their shadows make The space within my plumes more black than night. FIRST FURY Your call was as a wingèd car, Driven on whirlwinds fast and far; It rapt us from red gulfs of war. SECOND FURY From wide cities, famine-wasted; THIRD FURY Groans half heard, and blood untasted; FOURTH FURY Kingly conclaves stern and cold, 530 Where blood with gold is bought and sold; FIFTH FURY From the furnace, white and hot, In which-- A FURY Speak not; whisper not; I know all that ye would tell, But to speak might break the spell Which must bend the Invincible, The stern of thought; He yet defies the deepest power of Hell. FURY Tear the veil! ANOTHER FURY It is torn. CHORUS The pale stars of the morn Shine on a misery, dire to be borne. 540 Dost thou faint, mighty Titan? We laugh thee to scorn. Dost thou boast the clear knowledge thou waken'dst for man? Then was kindled within him a thirst which outran Those perishing waters; a thirst of fierce fever, Hope, love, doubt, desire, which consume him forever. One came forth of gentle worth, Smiling on the sanguine earth; His words outlived him, like swift poison Withering up truth, peace, and pity. Look! where round the wide horizon 550 Many a million-peopled city Vomits smoke in the bright air! Mark that outcry of despair! 'T is his mild and gentle ghost Wailing for the faith he kindled. Look again! the flames almost To a glow-worm's lamp have dwindled; The survivors round the embers Gather in dread. Joy, joy, joy! 560 Past ages crowd on thee, but each one remembers, And the future is dark, and the present is spread Like a pillow of thorns for thy slumberless head. SEMICHORUS I Drops of bloody agony flow From his white and quivering brow. Grant a little respite now. See! a disenchanted nation Spring like day from desolation; To Truth its state is dedicate, And Freedom leads it forth, her mate; 570 A legioned band of linkèd brothers, Whom Love calls children-- SEMICHORUS II 'T is another's. See how kindred murder kin! 'T is the vintage-time for Death and Sin; Blood, like new wine, bubbles within; Till Despair smothers The struggling world, which slaves and tyrants win. [All the FURIES vanish, except one. IONE Hark, sister! what a low yet dreadful groan Quite unsuppressed is tearing up the heart Of the good Titan, as storms tear the deep, 580 And beasts hear the sea moan in inland caves. Darest thou observe how the fiends torture him? PANTHEA Alas! I looked forth twice, but will no more. IONE What didst thou see? PANTHEA A woful sight: a youth With patient looks nailed to a crucifix. IONE What next? PANTHEA The heaven around, the earth below, Was peopled with thick shapes of human death, All horrible, and wrought by human hands; And some appeared the work of human hearts, For men were slowly killed by frowns and smiles; 590 And other sights too foul to speak and live Were wandering by. Let us not tempt worse fear By looking forth; those groans are grief enough. FURY Behold an emblem: those who do endure Deep wrongs for man, and scorn, and chains, but heap Thousand-fold torment on themselves and him. PROMETHEUS Remit the anguish of that lighted stare; Close those wan lips; let that thorn-wounded brow Stream not with blood; it mingles with thy tears! Fix, fix those tortured orbs in peace and death, 600 So thy sick throes shake not that crucifix, So those pale fingers play not with thy gore. Oh, horrible! Thy name I will not speak-- It hath become a curse. I see, I see The wise, the mild, the lofty, and the just, Whom thy slaves hate for being like to thee, Some hunted by foul lies from their heart's home, An early-chosen, late-lamented home, As hooded ounces cling to the driven hind; Some linked to corpses in unwholesome cells; 610 Some--hear I not the multitude laugh loud?-- Impaled in lingering fire; and mighty realms Float by my feet, like sea-uprooted isles, Whose sons are kneaded down in common blood By the red light of their own burning homes. FURY Blood thou canst see, and fire; and canst hear groans: Worse things unheard, unseen, remain behind. PROMETHEUS Worse? FURY In each human heart terror survives The ruin it has gorged: the loftiest fear All that they would disdain to think were true. 620 Hypocrisy and custom make their minds The fanes of many a worship, now outworn. They dare not devise good for man's estate, And yet they know not that they do not dare. The good want power, but to weep barren tears. The powerful goodness want; worse need for them. The wise want love; and those who love want wisdom; And all best things are thus confused to ill. Many are strong and rich, and would be just, But live among their suffering fellow-men 630 As if none felt; they know not what they do. PROMETHEUS Thy words are like a cloud of wingèd snakes; And yet I pity those they torture not. FURY Thou pitiest them? I speak no more! [Vanishes. PROMETHEUS Ah woe! Ah woe! Alas! pain, pain ever, forever! I close my tearless eyes, but see more clear Thy works within my woe-illumèd mind, Thou subtle tyrant! Peace is in the grave. The grave hides all things beautiful and good. I am a God and cannot find it there, 640 Nor would I seek it; for, though dread revenge, This is defeat, fierce king, not victory. The sights with which thou torturest gird my soul With new endurance, till the hour arrives When they shall be no types of things which are. PANTHEA Alas! what sawest thou? PROMETHEUS There are two woes-- To speak and to behold; thou spare me one. Names are there, Nature's sacred watchwords, they Were borne aloft in bright emblazonry; The nations thronged around, and cried aloud, 650 As with one voice, Truth, Liberty, and Love! Suddenly fierce confusion fell from heaven Among them; there was strife, deceit, and fear; Tyrants rushed in, and did divide the spoil. This was the shadow of the truth I saw. THE EARTH I felt thy torture, son, with such mixed joy As pain and virtue give. To cheer thy state I bid ascend those subtle and fair spirits, Whose homes are the dim caves of human thought, And who inhabit, as birds wing the wind, 660 Its world-surrounding ether; they behold Beyond that twilight realm, as in a glass, The future; may they speak comfort to thee! PANTHEA Look, sister, where a troop of spirits gather, Like flocks of clouds in spring's delightful weather, Thronging in the blue air! IONE And see! more come, Like fountain-vapors when the winds are dumb, That climb up the ravine in scattered lines. And hark! is it the music of the pines? Is it the lake? Is it the waterfall? 670 PANTHEA 'T is something sadder, sweeter far than all. CHORUS OF SPIRITS From unremembered ages we Gentle guides and guardians be Of heaven-oppressed mortality; And we breathe, and sicken not, The atmosphere of human thought: Be it dim, and dank, and gray, Like a storm-extinguished day, Travelled o'er by dying gleams; Be it bright as all between 680 Cloudless skies and windless streams, Silent, liquid, and serene; As the birds within the wind, As the fish within the wave, As the thoughts of man's own mind Float through all above the grave; We make there our liquid lair, Voyaging cloudlike and unpent Through the boundless element: Thence we bear the prophecy 690 Which begins and ends in thee! IONE More yet come, one by one; the air around them Looks radiant as the air around a star. FIRST SPIRIT On a battle-trumpet's blast I fled hither, fast, fast, fast, 'Mid the darkness upward cast. From the dust of creeds outworn, From the tyrant's banner torn, Gathering round me, onward borne, There was mingled many a cry-- 700 Freedom! Hope! Death! Victory! Till they faded through the sky; And one sound above, around, One sound beneath, around, above, Was moving; 't was the soul of love; 'T was the hope, the prophecy, Which begins and ends in thee. SECOND SPIRIT A rainbow's arch stood on the sea, Which rocked beneath, immovably; And the triumphant storm did flee, Like a conqueror, swift and proud, Begirt with many a captive cloud, A shapeless, dark and rapid crowd, Each by lightning riven in half. I heard the thunder hoarsely laugh. Mighty fleets were strewn like chaff And spread beneath a hell of death O'er the white waters. I alit On a great ship lightning-split, And speeded hither on the sigh 720 Of one who gave an enemy His plank, then plunged aside to die. THIRD SPIRIT I sat beside a sage's bed, And the lamp was burning red Near the book where he had fed, When a Dream with plumes of flame To his pillow hovering came, And I knew it was the same Which had kindled long ago Pity, eloquence, and woe; 730 And the world awhile below Wore the shade its lustre made. It has borne me here as fleet As Desire's lightning feet; I must ride it back ere morrow, Or the sage will wake in sorrow. FOURTH SPIRIT On a poet's lips I slept Dreaming like a love-adept In the sound his breathing kept; Nor seeks nor finds he mortal blisses, 740 But feeds on the aërial kisses Of shapes that haunt thought's wildernesses. He will watch from dawn to gloom The lake-reflected sun illume The yellow bees in the ivy-bloom, Nor heed nor see what things they be; But from these create he can Forms more real than living man, Nurslings of immortality! One of these awakened me, 750 And I sped to succor thee. IONE Behold'st thou not two shapes from the east and west Come, as two doves to one belovèd nest, Twin nurslings of the all-sustaining air, On swift still wings glide down the atmosphere? And, hark! their sweet sad voices! 't is despair Mingled with love and then dissolved in sound. PANTHEA Canst thou speak, sister? all my words are drowned. IONE Their beauty gives me voice. See how they float On their sustaining wings of skyey grain, 760 Orange and azure deepening into gold! Their soft smiles light the air like a star's fire. CHORUS OF SPIRITS Hast thou beheld the form of Love? FIFTH SPIRIT As over wide dominions I sped, like some swift cloud that wings the wide air's wildernesses, That planet-crested Shape swept by on lightning-braided pinions, Scattering the liquid joy of life from his ambrosial tresses. His footsteps paved the world with light; but as I passed 't was fading, And hollow Ruin yawned behind; great sages bound in madness, And headless patriots, and pale youths who perished, unupbraiding, Gleamed in the night. I wandered o'er, till thou, O King of sadness, 770 Turned by thy smile the worst I saw to recollected gladness. SIXTH SPIRIT Ah, sister! Desolation is a delicate thing: It walks not on the earth, it floats not on the air, But treads with killing footstep, and fans with silent wing The tender hopes which in their hearts the best and gentlest bear; Who, soothed to false repose by the fanning plumes above And the music-stirring motion of its soft and busy feet, Dream visions of aërial joy, and call the monster, Love, And wake, and find the shadow Pain, as he whom now we greet. CHORUS Though Ruin now Love's shadow be, 780 Following him, destroyingly, On Death's white and wingèd steed, Which the fleetest cannot flee, Trampling down both flower and weed, Man and beast, and foul and fair, Like a tempest through the air; Thou shalt quell this horseman grim, Woundless though in heart or limb. PROMETHEUS Spirits! how know ye this shall be? CHORUS In the atmosphere we breathe, 790 As buds grow red, when the snow-storms flee, From spring gathering up beneath, Whose mild winds shake the elder-brake, And the wandering herdsmen know That the white-thorn soon will blow: Wisdom, Justice, Love, and Peace, When they struggle to increase, Are to us as soft winds be To shepherd boys, the prophecy Which begins and ends in thee. 800 IONE Where are the Spirits fled? PANTHEA Only a sense Remains of them, like the omnipotence Of music, when the inspired voice and lute Languish, ere yet the responses are mute, Which through the deep and labyrinthine soul, Like echoes through long caverns, wind and roll. PROMETHEUS How fair these air-born shapes! and yet I feel Most vain all hope but love; and thou art far, Asia! who, when my being overflowed, Wert like a golden chalice to bright wine 810 Which else had sunk into the thirsty dust. All things are still. Alas! how heavily This quiet morning weighs upon my heart; Though I should dream I could even sleep with grief, If slumber were denied not. I would fain Be what it is my destiny to be, The saviour and the strength of suffering man, Or sink into the original gulf of things. There is no agony, and no solace left; Earth can console, Heaven can torment no more. 820 PANTHEA Hast thou forgotten one who watches thee The cold dark night, and never sleeps but when The shadow of thy spirit falls on her? PROMETHEUS I said all hope was vain but love; thou lovest. PANTHEA Deeply in truth; but the eastern star looks white, And Asia waits in that far Indian vale, The scene of her sad exile; rugged once And desolate and frozen, like this ravine; But now invested with fair flowers and herbs, And haunted by sweet airs and sounds, which flow 830 Among the woods and waters, from the ether Of her transforming presence, which would fade If it were mingled not with thine. Farewell! 



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