Verse > Walt Whitman > Leaves of Grass

Walt Whitman (1819–1892).  Leaves of Grass.  1900.

NOTES  180–189

180. When I heard the Learn’d Astronomer

First published in “Drum-Taps,” 1865.

181. To Rich Givers

First published in 1860.

  l. 5  1860 reads “For I know that what I bestow upon any man or woman is no less than the entrance,” etc.

182. So Long

First published in 1860.

  l. 1  After line 1, 1860 reads “The thought must be promulged, that all I know at any time suffices for that time only—not subsequent time.”

  l. 2  1860 for “mightier” reads “greater.”

  “for the present” added in 1870.

  l. 3  1860 reads “I remember I said to myself at the winter close, before my leaves sprang at all, that I would become a candid and unloosed summer-poet.”

  l. 5  After line 5, 1860 reads:

“When each part is peopled with free people,
When there is no city on earth to lead my city, the city of young men, the Mannahatta city—But when the Mannahatta leads all the cities of the earth.”

  l. 8  After line 8, 1860 reads:

“When fathers, firm, unconstrained, open-eyed—When breeds of the most perfect mothers denote America,
Then to me ripeness and conclusion.

Yet not me, after all—let none be content with me,
I myself seek a man better than I am, or a woman better than I am,
I invite defiance, and to make myself superseded,
All I have done, I would cheerfully give to be trod under foot, if it might only be the soil of superior poems.

I have established nothing for good,
I have but established these things, till things farther onward shall be prepared to be established,
And I am myself the preparer of things farther onward.”

  l. 13  Lines 12–13 added in 1870.

  l. 16  After line 16, 1860 adds:

“Once more I enforce you to give play to yourself—and not depend on me, or on any one but yourself,
Once more I proclaim the whole of America for each individual, without exception.

As I have announced the true theory of the youth, manhood, womanhood, of The States, I adhere to it;
As I have announced myself on immortality, the body, procreation, hauteur, prudence,
As I joined the stern crowd that still confronts the President with menacing weapons—I adhere to all,
As I have announced each age for itself, this moment I set the example.

I demand the choicest edifices to destroy them;
Room! room! for new far-planning draughtsmen and engineers!
Clear that rubbish from the building-spots and the paths!

So long!”

  l. 22  “indissoluble” added in 1870.

  l. 26  “(So long!)” begins line in 1860.

  l. 28  Line begins “So long” in 1860.

  l. 29  1860 for “an end” reads “an old age.”

  l. 31  Lines 30–31 added in 1870.

  l. 32  “(So long!)” added in 1867.

  l. 36  1860 reads “Now throat, sound your last!”

  l. 37  1860 for “days” reads “future.”

  l. 45  “out of the army, the war arising” added in 1870.

  l. 49  “really” added in 1867.

  l. 54  “solely” added in 1867.

  l. 55  “Camerado!” added in 1867.

  l. 68  1860 reads “I feel like one who has done his work—I progress on.” 1867 adds “(Long enough have I dallied with life.)”

  l.   Line 69 added in 1870.

  l. 71  “I may again return” added in 1870.

183. Passage to India

First published in 1870.

184. Thought

First published in 1860.

  l. 4  Lines 3–4 added in 1870.

185. O Living Always—Always Dying

First published in 1860 where poem begins “O Love! O dying—always dying!”

186. Proud Music of The Storm

First published in 1870.

187. Ashes of Soldiers

First published in “Drum-Taps,” 1865, under title of “Hymn of Dead Soldiers.”

  l. 11  Introduction and lines 1–11 added in 1870. Drum-Taps reads:

“One breath, O my silent soul,
A perfum’d thought—no more I ask for the sake of all dead soldiers.
Buglers off in my armies!
At present I ask not you to sound.”

  Then follows line 12.

  l. 19  Drum-Taps reads “But aside from these, and the crowd’s hurrahs and the land’s congratulations.”

  l. 21  Line 21 added in 1870.

  l. 25  Drum-Taps reads “Phantoms, welcome, divine and tender.”

  l. 30  Drum-Taps reads “Dearest comrades! all is now over.”

  l. 35  Line 35 added in 1870.

  l. 37  Line 37 added in 1870.

  l. 38  “fructify all” added in 1870.

  l. 40  “like a moist perennial dew” added in 1870.

188. In Midnight Sleep

First published in “When Lilacs Last in the Door-yard Bloom’d,” 1865–6, under title of “In Clouds Descending, in Midnight Sleep.”

  l. 1  Lilacs reads “In clouds descending, in midnight sleep,” etc.

  l. 9  Lilacs reads “Long have they pass’d, long lapsed—faces,” etc.

189. Camps of Green

First published in “Drum-Taps,” 1865.

  l. 18  Drum-Taps reads “of us and ours and all.”


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