Verse > William Wordsworth > Complete Poetical Works



                          What's in a 'Name'?
                         .    .    .    .    .
             Brutus will start a Spirit as soon as Caesar!


            THERE'S something in a flying horse,
            There's something in a huge balloon;
            But through the clouds I'll never float
            Until I have a little Boat,
            Shaped like the crescent-moon.

            And now I 'have' a little Boat,
            In shape a very crescent-moon
            Fast through the clouds my boat can sail;
            But if perchance your faith should fail,
            Look up--and you shall see me soon!                       10

            The woods, my Friends, are round you roaring,
            Rocking and roaring like a sea;
            The noise of danger's in your ears,
            And ye have all a thousand fears
            Both for my little Boat and me!

            Meanwhile untroubled I admire
            The pointed horns of my canoe;
            And, did not pity touch my breast,
            To see how ye are all distrest,
            Till my ribs ached, I'd laugh at you!                     20

            Away we go, my Boat and I--
            Frail man ne'er sate in such another;
            Whether among the winds we strive,
            Or deep into the clouds we dive,
            Each is contented with the other.

            Away we go--and what care we
            For treasons, tumults, and for wars?
            We are as calm in our delight
            As is the crescent-moon so bright
            Among the scattered stars.                                30

            Up goes my Boat among the stars
            Through many a breathless field of light,
            Through many a long blue field of ether,
            Leaving ten thousand stars beneath her:
            Up goes my little Boat so bright!

            The Crab, the Scorpion, and the Bull--
            We pry among them all; have shot
            High o'er the red-haired race of Mars,
            Covered from top to toe with scars;
            Such company I like it not!                               40

            The towns in Saturn are decayed,
            And melancholy Spectres throng them;--
            The Pleiads, that appear to kiss
            Each other in the vast abyss,
            With joy I sail among them.

            Swift Mercury resounds with mirth,
            Great Jove is full of stately bowers;
            But these, and all that they contain,
            What are they to that tiny grain,
            That little Earth of ours?                                50

            Then back to Earth, the dear green Earth:--
            Whole ages if I here should roam,
            The world for my remarks and me
            Would not a whit the better be;
            I've left my heart at home.

            See! there she is, the matchless Earth!
            There spreads the famed Pacific Ocean!
            Old Andes thrusts yon craggy spear
            Through the grey clouds; the Alps are here,
            Like waters in commotion!                                 60

            Yon tawny slip is Libya's sands;
            That silver thread the river Dnieper!
            And look, where clothed in brightest green
            Is a sweet Isle, of isles the Queen;
            Ye fairies, from all evil keep her!

            And see the town where I was born!
            Around those happy fields we span
            In boyish gambols;--I was lost
            Where I have been, but on this coast
            I feel I am a man.                                        70

            Never did fifty things at once
            Appear so lovely, never, never;--
            How tunefully the forests ring!
            To hear the earth's soft murmuring
            Thus could I hang for ever!

            "Shame on you!" cried my little Boat,
            "Was ever such a homesick Loon,
            Within a living Boat to sit,
            And make no better use of it;
            A Boat twin-sister of the crescent-moon!                  80

            "Ne'er in the breast of full-grown Poet
            Fluttered so faint a heart before;--
            Was it the music of the spheres
            That overpowered your mortal ears?
            --Such din shall trouble them no more.

            "These nether precincts do not lack
            Charms of their own;--then come with me;
            I want a comrade, and for you
            There's nothing that I would not do;
            Nought is there that you shall not see.                   90

            "Haste! and above Siberian snows
            We'll sport amid the boreal morning;
            Will mingle with her lustres gliding
            Among the stars, the stars now hiding,
            And now the stars adorning.

            "I know the secrets of a land
            Where human foot did never stray;
            Fair is that land as evening skies,
            And cool, though in the depth it lies
            Of burning Africa.                                       100

            "Or we'll into the realm of Faery,
            Among the lovely shades of things;
            The shadowy forms of mountains bare,
            And streams, and bowers, and ladies fair,
            The shades of palaces and kings!

            "Or, if you thirst with hardy zeal
            Less quiet regions to explore,
            Prompt voyage shall to you reveal
            How earth and heaven are taught to feel
            The might of magic lore!"                                110

            "My little vagrant Form of light,
            My gay and beautiful Canoe,
            Well have you played your friendly part;
            As kindly take what from my heart
            Experience forces--then adieu!

            "Temptation lurks among your words;
            But, while these pleasures you're pursuing
            Without impediment or let,
            No wonder if you quite forget
            What on the earth is doing.                              120

            "There was a time when all mankind
            Did listen with a faith sincere
            To tuneful tongues in mystery versed;
            'Then' Poets fearlessly rehearsed
            The wonders of a wild career.

            "Go--(but the world's a sleepy world,
            And 'tis, I fear, an age too late)
            Take with you some ambitious Youth!
            For, restless Wanderer! I, in truth,
            Am all unfit to be your mate.                            130

            "Long have I loved what I behold,
            The night that calms, the day that cheers;
            The common growth of mother-earth
            Suffices me--her tears, her mirth,
            Her humblest mirth and tears.

            "The dragon's wing, the magic ring,
            I shall not covet for my dower,
            If I along that lowly way
            With sympathetic heart may stray,
            And with a soul of power.                                140

            "These given, what more need I desire
            To stir, to soothe, or elevate?
            What nobler marvels than the mind
            May in life's daily prospect find,
            May find or there create?

            "A potent wand doth Sorrow wield;
            What spell so strong as guilty Fear!
            Repentance is a tender Sprite;
            If aught on earth have heavenly might,
            'Tis lodged within her silent tear.                      150

            "But grant my wishes,--let us now
            Descend from this ethereal height;
            Then take thy way, adventurous Skiff,
            More daring far than Hippogriff,
            And be thy own delight!

            "To the stone-table in my garden,
            Loved haunt of many a summer hour,
            The Squire is come: his daughter Bess
            Beside him in the cool recess
            Sits blooming like a flower.                             160

            "With these are many more convened;
            They know not I have been so far;--
            I see them there, in number nine,
            Beneath the spreading Weymouth-pine!
            I see them--there they are!

            "There sits the Vicar and his Dame;
            And there my good friend, Stephen Otter;
            And, ere the light of evening fail,
            To them I must relate the Tale
            Of Peter Bell the Potter."                               170

            Off flew the Boat--away she flees,
            Spurning her freight with indignation!
            And I, as well as I was able,
            On two poor legs, toward my stone-table
            Limped on with sore vexation.

            "O, here he is!" cried little Bess--
            She saw me at the garden-door;
            "We've waited anxiously and long,"
            They cried, and all around me throng,
            Full nine of them or more!                               180

            "Reproach me not--your fears be still--
            Be thankful we again have met;--
            Resume, my Friends! within the shade
            Your seats, and quickly shall be paid
            The well-remembered debt."

            I spake with faltering voice, like one
            Not wholly rescued from the pale
            Of a wild dream, or worse illusion;
            But, straight, to cover my confusion,
            Began the promised Tale.                                 190

                               PART FIRST

            ALL by the moonlight river side
            Groaned the poor Beast--alas! in vain;
            The staff was raised to loftier height,
            And the blows fell with heavier weight
            As Peter struck--and struck again.

            "Hold!" cried the Squire, "against the rules
            Of common sense you're surely sinning;
            This leap is for us all too bold;
            Who Peter was, let that be told,
            And start from the beginning."                           200

            ----"A Potter, Sir, he was by trade,"
            Said I, becoming quite collected;
            "And wheresoever he appeared,
            Full twenty times was Peter feared
            For once that Peter was respected.

            "He, two-and-thirty years or more,
            Had been a wild and woodland rover;
            Had heard the Atlantic surges roar
            On farthest Cornwall's rocky shore,
            And trod the cliffs of Dover.                            210

            "And he had seen Caernarvon's towers,
            And well he knew the spire of Sarum;
            And he had been where Lincoln bell
            Flings o'er the fen that ponderous knell--
            A far-renowned alarum!

            "At Doncaster, at York, and Leeds,
            And merry Carlisle had be been;
            And all along the Lowlands fair,
            All through the bonny shire of Ayr
            And far as Aberdeen.                                     220

            "And he had been at Inverness;
            And Peter, by the mountain-rills,
            Had danced his round with Highland lasses;
            And he had lain beside his asses
            On lofty Cheviot Hills:

            "And he had trudged through Yorkshire dales,
            Among the rocks and winding 'scars',
            Where deep and low the hamlets lie
            Beneath their little patch of sky
            And little lot of stars:                                 230

            "And all along the indented coast,
            Bespattered with the salt-sea foam;
            Where'er a knot of houses lay
            On headland, or in hollow bay;--
            Sure never man like him did roam!

            "As well might Peter, in the Fleet,
            Have been fast bound, a begging debtor;--
            He travelled here, he travelled there,--
            But not the value of a hair
            Was heart or head the better.                            240

            "He roved among the vales and streams,
            In the green wood and hollow dell;
            They were his dwellings night and day,--
            But nature ne'er could find the way
            Into the heart of Peter Bell.

            "In vain, through every changeful year,
            Did Nature lead him as before;
            A primrose by a river's brim
            A yellow primrose was to him,
            And it was nothing more.                                 250

            "Small change it made on Peter's heart
            To see his gentle panniered train
            With more than vernal pleasure feeding,
            Where'er the tender grass was leading
            Its earliest green along the lane.

            "In vain, through water, earth, and air,
            The soul of happy sound was spread,
            When Peter on some April morn,
            Beneath the broom or budding thorn,
            Made the warm earth his lazy bed.                        260

            "At noon, when, by the forest's edge
            He lay beneath the branches high,
            The soft blue shy did never melt
            Into his heart; he never felt
            The witchery of the soft blue sky!

            "On a fair prospect some have looked
            And felt, as I have heard them say,
            As if the moving time had been
            A thing as steadfast as the scene
            On which they gazed themselves away.                     270

            "Within the breast of Peter Bell
            These silent raptures found no place;
            He was a Carl as wild and rude
            As ever hue-and-cry pursued,
            As ever ran a felon's race.

            "Of all that lead a lawless life,
            Of all that love their lawless lives,
            In city or in village small,
            He was the wildest far of all;--
            He had a dozen wedded wives.                             280

            "Nay, start not!--wedded wives--and twelve!
            But how one wife could e'er come near him,
            In simple truth I cannot tell;
            For, be it said of Peter Bell
            To see him was to fear him.

            "Though Nature could not touch his heart
            By lovely forms, and silent weather,
            And tender sounds, yet you might see
            At once, that Peter Bell and she
            Had often been together.                                 290

            "A savage wildness round him hung
            As of a dweller out of doors;
            In his whole figure and his mien
            A savage character was seen
            Of mountains and of dreary moors.

            "To all the unshaped half-human thoughts
            Which solitary Nature feeds
            'Mid summer storms or winter's ice,
            Had Peter joined whatever vice
            The cruel city breeds.                                   300

            "His face was keen as is the wind
            That cuts along the hawthorn-fence;--
            Of courage you saw little there,
            But, in its stead, a medley air
            Of cunning and of impudence.

            "He had a dark and sidelong walk,
            And long and slouching was his gait;
            Beneath his looks so bare and bold,
            You might perceive, his spirit cold
            Was playing with some inward bait.                       310

            "His forehead wrinkled was and furred;
            A work, one half of which was done
            By thinking of his 'whens' and 'hows;'
            And half, by knitting of his brows
            Beneath the glaring sun.

            "There was a hardness in his cheek,
            There was a hardness in his eye,
            As if the man had fixed his face,
            In many a solitary place,
            Against the wind and open sky!"                          320

            ONE NIGHT, (and now my little Bess!
            We've reached at last the promised Tale:)
            One beautiful November night,
            When the full moon was shining bright
            Upon the rapid river Swale,

            Along the river's winding banks
            Peter was travelling all alone;--
            Whether to buy or sell, or led
            By pleasure running in his head,
            To me was never known.                                   330

            He trudged along through copse and brake,
            He trudged along o'er hill and dale;
            Nor for the moon cared he a tittle,
            And for the stars he cared as little,
            And for the murmuring river Swale.

            But, chancing to espy a path
            That promised to cut short the way
            As many a wiser man hath done,
            He left a trusty guide for one
            That might his steps betray.                             340

            To a thick wood he soon is brought
            Where cheerily his course he weaves,
            And whistling loud may yet be heard,
            Though often buried, like a bird
            Darkling, among the boughs and leaves.

            But quickly Peter's mood is changed,
            And on he drives with cheeks that burn
            In downright fury and in wrath;--
            There's little sign the treacherous path
            Will to the road return!                                 350

            The path grows dim, and dimmer still;
            Now up, now down, the Rover wends,
            With all the sail that he can carry,
            Till brought to a deserted quarry--
            And there the pathway ends.

            He paused--for shadows of strange shape,
            Massy and black, before him lay;
            But through the dark, and through the cold,
            And through the yawning fissures old,
            Did Peter boldly press his way                           360

            Right through the quarry;--and behold
            A scene of soft and lovely hue!
            Where blue and grey, and tender green,
            Together make as sweet a scene
            As ever human eye did view.

            Beneath the clear blue sky he saw
            A little field of meadow ground;
            But field or meadow name it not;
            Call it of earth a small green plot,
            With rocks encompassed round,                            370

            The Swale flowed under the grey rocks,
            But he flowed quiet and unseen;--
            You need a strong and stormy gale
            To bring the noises of the Swale
            To that green spot, so calm and green!

            And is there no one dwelling here,
            No hermit with his beads and glass?
            And does no little cottage look
            Upon this soft and fertile nook?
            Does no one live near this green grass?                  380

            Across the deep and quiet spot
            Is Peter driving through the grass--
            And now has reached the skirting trees;
            When, turning round his head, he sees
            A solitary Ass.

            "A Prize!" cries Peter--but he first
            Must spy about him far and near:
            There's not a single house in sight,
            No woodman's hut, no cottage light--
            Peter, you need not fear!                                390

            There's nothing to be seen but woods,
            And rocks that spread a hoary gleam,
            And this one Beast, that from the bed
            Of the green meadow hangs his head
            Over the silent stream.

            His head is with a halter bound;
            The halter seizing, Peter leapt
            Upon the Creature's back, and plied
            With ready heels his shaggy side;
            But still the Ass his station kept.                      400

            Then Peter gave a sudden jerk,
            A jerk that from a dungeon-floor
            Would have pulled up an iron ring;
            But still the heavy-headed Thing
            Stood just as he had stood before!

            Quoth Peter, leaping from his seat,
            "There is some plot against me laid;"
            Once more the little meadow-ground
            And all the hoary cliffs around
            He cautiously surveyed,                                  410

            All, all is silent--rocks and woods,
            All still and silent--far and near!
            Only the Ass, with motion dull,
            Upon the pivot of his skull
            Turns round his long left ear.

            Thought Peter, What can mean all this?
            Some ugly witchcraft must be here!
            --Once more the Ass, with motion dull,
            Upon the pivot of his skull
            Turned round his long left ear.                          420

            Suspicion ripened into dread;
            Yet with deliberate action slow,
            His staff high-raising, in the pride
            Of skill, upon the sounding hide,
            He dealt a sturdy blow.

            The poor Ass staggered with the shock;
            And then, as if to take his ease,
            In quiet uncomplaining mood,
            Upon the spot where he had stood,
            Dropped gently down upon his knees:                      430

            As gently on his side he fell;
            And by the river's brink did lie;
            And, while he lay like one that mourned,
            The patient Beast on Peter turned
            His shining hazel eye.

            'Twas but one mild, reproachful look,
            A look more tender than severe;
            And straight in sorrow, not in dread,
            He turned the eye-ball in his head
            Towards the smooth river deep and clear.                 440

            Upon the Beast the sapling rings;
            His lank sides heaved, his limbs they stirred;
            He gave a groan, and then another,
            Of that which went before the brother,
            And then he gave a third.

            All by the moonlight river side
            He gave three miserable groans;
            And not till now hath Peter seen
            How gaunt the Creature is,--how lean
            And sharp his staring bones!                             450

            With legs stretched out and stiff he lay:--
            No word of kind commiseration
            Fell at the sight from Peter's tongue;
            With hard contempt his heart was wrung,
            With hatred and vexation.

            The meagre beast lay still as death;
            And Peter's lips with fury quiver;
            Quoth he, "You little mulish dog,
            I'll fling your carcase like a log
            Head-foremost down the river!"                           460

            An impious oath confirmed the threat--
            Whereat from the earth on which he lay
            To all the echoes, south and north,
            And east and west, the Ass sent forth
            A long and clamorous bray!

            This outcry, on the heart of Peter,
            Seems like a note of joy to strike,--
            Joy at the heart of Peter knocks;
            But in the echo of the rocks
            Was something Peter did not like.                        470

            Whether to cheer his coward breast,
            Or that he could not break the chain,
            In this serene and solemn hour,
            Twined round him by demoniac power,
            To the blind work he turned again.

            Among the rocks and winding crags;
            Among the mountains far away;
            Once more the ass did lengthen out
            More ruefully a deep-drawn shout,
            The hard dry see-saw of his horrible bray!               480

            What is there now in Peter's heart!
            Or whence the might of this strange sound?
            The moon uneasy looked and dimmer,
            The broad blue heavens appeared to glimmer,
            And the rocks staggered all around--

            From Peter's hand the sapling dropped!
            Threat has he none to execute;
            "If any one should come and see
            That I am here, they'll think," quoth he,
            "I'm helping this poor dying brute."                     490

            He scans the Ass from limb to limb,
            And ventures now to uplift his eyes;
            More steady looks the moon, and clear
            More like themselves the rocks appear
            And touch more quiet skies.

            His scorn returns--his hate revives;
            He stoops the Ass's neck to seize
            With malice--that again takes flight;
            For in the pool a startling sight
            Meets him, among the inverted trees.                     500

            Is it the moon's distorted face?
            The ghost-like image of a cloud?
            Is it a gallows there portrayed?
            Is Peter of himself afraid?
            Is it a coffin,--or a shroud?

            A grisly idol hewn in stone?
            Or imp from witch's lap let fall?
            Perhaps a ring of shining fairies?
            Such as pursue their feared vagaries
            In sylvan bower, or haunted hall?                        510

            Is it a fiend that to a stake
            Of fire his desperate self is tethering?
            Or stubborn spirit doomed to yell
            In solitary ward or cell,
            Ten thousand miles from all his brethren?

            Never did pulse so quickly throb,
            And never heart so loudly panted;
            He looks, he cannot choose but look;
            Like some one reading in a book--
            A book that is enchanted.                                520

            Ah, well-a-day for Peter Bell!
            He will be turned to iron soon,
            Meet Statue for the court of Fear!
            His hat is up--and every hair
            Bristles, and whitens in the moon!

            He looks, he ponders, looks again;
            He sees a motion--hears a groan;
            His eyes will burst--his heart will break--
            He gives a loud and frightful shriek,
            And back he falls, as if his life were flown!            530

                              PART SECOND

            WE left our Hero in a trance,
            Beneath the alders, near the river;
            The Ass is by the river-side,
            And, where the feeble breezes glide,
            Upon the stream the moonbeams quiver.

            A happy respite! but at length
            He feels the glimmering of the moon;
            Wakes with glazed eve. and feebly signing--
            To sink, perhaps, where he is lying,
            Into a second swoon!                                     540

            He lifts his head, he sees his staff;
            He touches--'tis to him a treasure!
            Faint recollection seems to tell
            That he is yet where mortals dwell--
            A thought received with languid pleasure!

            His head upon his elbow propped,
            Becoming less and less perplexed,
            Sky-ward he looks--to rock and wood--
            And then--upon the glassy flood
            His wandering eye is fixed.                              550

            Thought he, that is the face of one
            In his last sleep securely bound!
            So toward the stream his head he bent,
            And downward thrust his staff, intent
            The river's depth to sound.

            'Now'--like a tempest-shattered bark,
            That overwhelmed and prostrate lies,
            And in a moment to the verge
            Is lifted of a foaming surge--
            Full suddenly the Ass doth rise!                         560

            His staring bones all shake with joy,
            And close by Peter's side he stands:
            While Peter o'er the river bends,
            The little Ass his neck extends,
            And fondly licks his hands.

            Such life is in the Ass's eyes,
            Such life is in his limbs and ears;
            That Peter Bell, if he had been
            The veriest coward ever seen,
            Must now have thrown aside his fears.                    570

            The Ass looks on--and to his work
            Is Peter quietly resigned;
            He touches here--he touches there--
            And now among the dead man's hair
            His sapling Peter has entwined.

            He pulls--and looks--and pulls again;
            And he whom the poor Ass had lost,
            The man who had been four days dead,
            Head-foremost from the river's bed
            Uprises like a ghost!                                    580

            And Peter draws him to dry land;
            And through the brain of Peter pass
            Some poignant twitches, fast and faster,
            "No doubt," quoth he, "he is the Master
            Of this poor miserable Ass!"

            The meagre Shadow that looks on--
            What would he now? what is he doing?
            His sudden fit of joy is flown,--
            He on his knees hath laid him down,
            As if he were his grief renewing;                        590

            But no--that Peter on his back
            Must mount, he shows well as he can:
            Thought Peter then, come weal or woe,
            I'll do what he would have me do,
            In pity to this poor drowned man.

            With that resolve he boldly mounts
            Upon the pleased and thankful Ass;
            And then, without a moment's stay,
            That earnest Creature turned away
            Leaving the body on the grass.                           600

            Intent upon his faithful watch,
            The Beast four days and nights had past;
            A sweeter meadow ne'er was seen,
            And there the Ass four days had been,
            Nor ever once did break his fast:

            Yet firm his step, and stout his heart;
            The mead is crossed--the quarry's mouth
            Is reached; but there the trusty guide
            Into a thicket turns aside,
            And deftly ambles towards the south.                     610

            When hark a burst of doleful sound!
            And Peter honestly might say,
            The like came never to his ears,
            Though he has been, full thirty years,
            A rover--night and day!

            'Tis not a plover of the moors,
            'Tis not a bittern of the fen;
            Nor can it be a barking fox,
            Nor night-bird chambered in the rocks,
            Nor wild-cat in a woody glen!                            620

            The Ass is startled--and stops short
            Right in the middle of the thicket;
            And Peter, wont to whistle loud
            Whether alone or in a crowd,
            Is silent as a silent cricket.

            What ails you now, my little Bess?
            Well may you tremble and look grave!
            This cry--that rings along the wood,
            This cry--that floats adown the flood,
            Comes from the entrance of a cave:                       630

            I see a blooming Wood-boy there,
            And if I had the power to say
            How sorrowful the wanderer is,
            Your heart would be as sad as his
            Till you had kissed his tears away!

            Grasping a hawthorn branch in hand,
            All bright with berries ripe and red,
            Into the cavern's mouth he peeps;
            Thence back into the moonlight creeps;
            Whom seeks he--whom?--the silent dead:                   640

            His father!--Him doth he require--
            Him hath he sought with fruitless pains,
            Among the rocks, behind the trees;
            Now creeping on his hands and knees,
            Now running o'er the open plains.

            And hither is he come at last,
            When he through such a day has gone,
            By this dark cave to be distrest
            Like a poor bird--her plundered nest
            Hovering around with dolorous moan!                      650

            Of that intense and piercing cry
            The listening Ass conjectures well;
            Wild as it is, he there can read
            Some intermingled notes that plead
            With touches irresistible.

            But Peter--when he saw the Ass
            Not only stop but turn, and change
            The cherished tenor of his pace
            That lamentable cry to chase--
            It wrought in him conviction strange;                    660

            A faith that, for the dead man's sake
            And this poor slave who loved him well,
            Vengeance upon his head will fall,
            Some visitation worse than all
            Which ever till this night befell.

            Meanwhile the Ass to reach his home,
            Is striving stoutly as he may;
            But, while he climbs the woody hill,
            The cry grows weak--and weaker still;
            And now at last it dies away.                            670

            So with his freight the Creature turns
            Into a gloomy grove of beech,
            Along the shade with footsteps true
            Descending slowly, till the two
            The open moonlight reach.

            And there, along the narrow dell,
            A fair smooth pathway you discern,
            A length of green and open road--
            As if it from a fountain flowed--
            Winding away between the fern.                           680

            The rocks that tower on either side
            Build up a wild fantastic scene;
            Temples like those among the Hindoos,
            And mosques, and spires, and abbey windows,
            And castles all with ivy green!

            And, while the Ass pursues his way,
            Along this solitary dell,
            As pensively his steps advance,
            The mosques and spires change countenance
            And look at Peter Bell!                                  690

            That unintelligible cry
            Hath left him high in preparation,--
            Convinced that he, or soon or late,
            This very night will meet his fate--
            And so he sits in expectation!

            The strenuous Animal hath clomb
            With the green path; and now he wends
            Where, shining like the smoothest sea,
            In undisturbed immensity
            A level plain extends.                                   700

            But whence this faintly-rustling sound
            By which the journeying pair are chased?
            --A withered leaf is close behind,
            Light plaything for the sportive wind
            Upon that solitary waste.

            When Peter spied the moving thing,
            It only doubled his distress;
            "Where there is not a bush or tree,
            The very leaves they follow me--
            So huge hath been my wickedness!"                        710

            To a close lane they now are come,
            Where, as before, the enduring Ass
            Moves on without a moment's stop,
            Nor once turns round his head to crop
            A bramble-leaf or blade of grass.

            Between the hedges as they go,
            The white dust sleeps upon the lane;
            And Peter, ever and anon
            Back-looking, sees, upon a stone,
            Or in the dust, a crimson stain.                         720

            A stain--as of a drop of blood
            By moonlight made more faint and wan;
            Ha! why these sinkings of despair?
            He knows not how the blood comes there--
            And Peter is a wicked man.

            At length he spies a bleeding wound,
            Where he had struck the Ass's head;
            He sees the blood, knows what it is,--
            A glimpse of sudden joy was his,
            But then it quickly fled;                                730

            Of him whom sudden death had seized
            He thought,--of thee, O faithful Ass!
            And once again those ghastly pains,
            Shoot to and fro through heart and reins,
            And through his brain like lightning pass.

                              PART THIRD

            I'VE heard of one, a gentle Soul,
            Though given to sadness and to gloom,
            And for the fact will vouch,--one night
            It chanced that by a taper's light
            This man was reading in his room;                        740

            Bending, as you or I might bend
            At night o'er any pious book,
            When sudden blackness overspread
            The snow-white page on which he read,
            And made the good man round him look.

            The chamber walls were dark all round,--
            And to his book he turned again;
            --The light had left the lonely taper,
            And formed itself upon the paper
            Into large letters--bright and plain!                    750

            The godly book was in his hand--
            And, on the page, more black than coal,
            Appeared, set forth in strange array,
            A 'word'--which to his dying day
            Perplexed the good man's gentle soul.

            The ghostly word, thus plainly seen,
            Did never from his lips depart;
            But he hath said, poor gentle wight!
            It brought full many a sin to light
            Out of the bottom of his heart.                          760

            Dread Spirits! to confound the meek
            Why wander from your course so far,
            Disordering colour, form, and stature!
            --Let good men feel the soul of nature,
            And see things as they are.

            Yet, potent Spirits! well I know,
            How ye, that play with soul and sense,
            Are not unused to trouble friends
            Of goodness, for most gracious ends--
            And this I speak in reverence!                           770

            But might I give advice to you,
            Whom in my fear I love so well;
            From men of pensive virtue go,
            Dread Beings! and your empire show
            On hearts like that of Peter Bell.

            Your presence often have I felt
            In darkness and the stormy night;
            And, with like force, if need there be,
            Ye can put forth your agency
            When earth is calm, and heaven is bright.                780

            Then, coming from the wayward world,
            That powerful world in which ye dwell,
            Come, Spirits of the Mind! and try
            To-night, beneath the moonlight sky,
            What may be done with Peter Bell!

            --O, would that some more skilful voice
            My further labour might prevent!
            Kind Listeners, that around me sit,
            I feel that I am all unfit
            For such high argument.                                  790

            I've played, I've danced, with my narration;
            I loitered long ere I began:
            Ye waited then on my good pleasure;
            Pour out indulgence still, in measure
            As liberal as ye can!

            Our Travellers, ye remember well,
            Are thridding a sequestered lane;
            And Peter many tricks is trying,
            And many anodynes applying,
            To ease his conscience of its pain.                      800

            By this his heart is lighter far;
            And, finding that he can account
            So snugly for that crimson stain,
            His evil spirit up again
            Does like an empty bucket mount.

            And Peter is a deep logician
            Who hath no lack of wit mercurial;
            "Blood drops--leaves rustle--yet," quoth he,
            "This poor man never, but for me,
            Could have had Christian burial.                         810

            "And, say the best you can, 'tis plain,
            That here has been some wicked dealing;
            No doubt the devil in me wrought;
            I'm not the man who could have thought
            An Ass like this was worth the stealing!"

            So from his pocket Peter takes
            His shining horn tobacco-box;
            And, in a light and careless way,
            As men who with their purpose play,
            Upon the lid he knocks.                                  820

            Let them whose voice can stop the clouds,
            Whose cunning eye can see the wind,
            Tell to a curious world the cause
            Why, making here a sudden pause,
            The Ass turned round his head, and 'grinned'.

            Appalling process! I have marked
            The like on heath, in lonely wood;
            And, verily, have seldom met
            A spectacle more hideous--yet
            It suited Peter's present mood.                          830

            And, grinning in his turn, his teeth
            He in jocose defiance showed--
            When, to upset his spiteful mirth,
            A murmur, pent within the earth,
            In the dead earth beneath the road

            Rolled audibly! it swept along,
            A muffled noise--a rumbling sound!--
            'Twas by a troop of miners made,
            Plying with gunpowder their trade,
            Some twenty fathoms under ground.                        840

            Small cause of dire effect! for, surely,
            If ever mortal, King or Cotter,
            Believed that earth was charged to quake
            And yawn for his unworthy sake,
            'Twas Peter Bell the Potter.

            But, as an oak in breathless air
            Will stand though to the centre hewn;
            Or as the weakest things, if frost
            Have stiffened them, maintain their post;
            So he, beneath the gazing moon!--                        850

            The Beast bestriding thus, he reached
            A spot where, in a sheltering cove,
            A little chapel stands alone,
            With greenest ivy overgrown,
            And tufted with an ivy grove;

            Dying insensibly away
            From human thoughts and purposes,
            It seemed--wall, window, roof and tower--
            To bow to some transforming power,
            And blend with the surrounding trees.                    860

            As ruinous a place it was,
            Thought Peter, in the shire of Fife
            That served my turn, when following still
            From land to land a reckless will
            I married my sixth wife!

            The unheeding Ass moves slowly on,
            And now is passing by an inn
            Brim-full of a carousing crew,
            That make, with curses not a few,
            An uproar and a drunken din.                             870

            I cannot well express the thoughts
            Which Peter in those noises found;--
            A stifling power compressed his frame,
            While-as a swimming darkness came
            Over that dull and dreary sound.

            For well did Peter know the sound;
            The language of those drunken joys
            To him, a jovial soul, I ween,
            But a few hours ago, had been
            A gladsome and a welcome noise.                          880

            'Now', turned adrift into the past,
            He finds no solace in his course;
            Like planet-stricken men of yore,
            He trembles, smitten to the core
            By strong compunction and remorse.

            But, more than all, his heart is stung
            To think of one, almost a child;
            A sweet and playful Highland girl,
            As light and beauteous as a squirrel,
            As beauteous and as wild!                                890

            Her dwelling was a lonely house,
            A cottage in a heathy dell;
            And she put on her gown of green,
            And left her mother at sixteen,
            And followed Peter Bell.

            But many good and pious thoughts
            Had she; and, in the kirk to pray,
            Two long Scotch miles, through rain or snow
            To kirk she had been used to go,
            Twice every Sabbath-day.                                 900

            And, when she followed Peter Bell,
            It was to lead an honest life;
            For he, with tongue not used to falter,
            Had pledged his troth before the altar
            To love her as his wedded wife.

            A mother's hope is hers;--but soon
            She drooped and pined like one forlorn;
            From Scripture she a name did borrow;
            Benoni, or the child of sorrow,
            She called her babe unborn.                              910

            For she had learned how Peter lived,
            And took it in most grievous part;
            She to the very bone was worn,
            And, ere that little child was born,
            Died of a broken heart.

            And now the Spirits of the Mind
            Are busy with poor Peter Bell;
            Upon the rights of visual sense
            Usurping, with a prevalence
            More terrible than magic spell.                          920

            Close by a brake of flowering furze
            (Above it shivering aspens play)
            He sees an unsubstantial creature,
            His very self in form and feature,
            Not four yards from the broad highway:

            And stretched beneath the furze he sees
            The Highland girl--it is no other;
            And hears her crying as she cried,
            The very moment that she died,
            "My mother! oh my mother!"                               930

            The sweat pours down from Peter's face,
            So grievous is his heart's contrition;
            With agony his eye-balls ache
            While he beholds by the furze-brake
            This miserable vision!

            Calm is the well-deserving brute,
            'His' peace hath no offence betrayed;
            But now, while down that slope he wends,
            A voice to Peter's ear ascends,
            Resounding from the woody glade:                         940

            The voice, though clamorous as a horn
            Re-echoed by a naked rock,
            Comes from that tabernacle--List!
            Within, a fervent Methodist
            Is preaching to no heedless flock!

            "Repent! repent!" he cries aloud,
            "While yet ye may find mercy;--strive
            To love the Lord with all your might;
            Turn to him, seek him day and night,
            And save your souls alive!                               950

            "Repent! repent! though ye have gone,
            Through paths of wickedness and woe,
            After the Babylonian harlot;
            And, though your sins be red as scarlet,
            They shall be white as snow!"

            Even as he passed the door, these words
            Did plainly come to Peter's ears;
            And they such joyful tidings were,
            The joy was more than he could bear!--
            He melted into tears.                                    960

            Sweet tears of hope and tenderness!
            And fast they fell, a plenteous shower!
            His nerves, his sinews seemed to melt;
            Through all his iron frame was felt
            A gentle, a relaxing, power!

            Each fibre of his frame was weak;
            Weak all the animal within;
            But, in its helplessness, grew mild
            And gentle as an infant child,
            An infant that has known no sin.                         970

            'Tis said, meek Beast! that, through Heaven's grace,
            He not unmoved did notice now
            The cross upon thy shoulder scored,
            For lasting impress, by the Lord
            To whom all human-kind shall bow;

            Memorial of his touch--that day
            When Jesus humbly deigned to ride,
            Entering the proud Jerusalem,
            By an immeasurable stream
            Of shouting people deified!                              980

            Meanwhile the persevering Ass,
            Turned towards a gate that hung in view
            Across a shady lane; his chest
            Against the yielding gate he pressed
            And quietly passed through.

            And up the stony lane he goes;
            No ghost more softly ever trod;
            Among the stones and pebbles, he
            Sets down his hoofs inaudibly,
            As if with felt his hoofs were shod.                     990

            Along the lane the trusty Ass
            Went twice two hundred yards or more,
            And no one could have guessed his aim,--
            Till to a lonely house he came,
            And stopped beside the door.

            Thought Peter, 'tis the poor man's home!
            He listens--not a sound is heard
            Save from the trickling household rill;
            But, stepping o'er the cottage-sill,
            Forthwith a little Girl appeared.                       1000

            She to the Meeting-house was bound
            In hopes some tidings there to gather:
            No glimpse it is, no doubtful gleam;
            She saw--and uttered with a scream,
            "My father! here's my father!"

            The very word was plainly heard,
            Heard plainly by the wretched Mother--
            Her joy was like a deep affright:
            And forth she rushed into the light,
            And saw it was another!                                 1010

            And, instantly, upon the earth,
            Beneath the full moon shining bright,
            Close to the Ass's feet she fell;
            At the same moment Peter Bell
            Dismounts in most unhappy plight.

            As he beheld the Woman lie
            Breathless and motionless, the mind
            Of Peter sadly was confused;
            But, though to such demands unused,
            And helpless almost as the blind,                       1020

            He raised her up; and, while he held
            Her body propped against his knee,
            The Woman waked--and when she spied
            The poor Ass standing by her side,
            She moaned most bitterly.

            "Oh! God be praised--my heart's at ease--
            For he is dead--I know it well!"
            --At this she wept a bitter flood;
            And, in the best way that he could,
            His tale did Peter tell.                                1030

            He trembles--he is pale as death;
            His voice is weak with perturbation;
            He turns aside his head, he pauses;
            Poor Peter, from a thousand causes,
            Is crippled sore in his narration.

            At length she learned how he espied
            The Ass in that small meadow-ground;
            And that her Husband now lay dead,
            Beside that luckless river's bed
            In which he had been drowned.                           1040

            A piercing look the Widow cast
            Upon the Beast that near her stands;
            She sees 'tis he, that 'tis the same;
            She calls the poor Ass by his name,
            And wrings, and wrings her hands.

            "O wretched loss--untimely stroke!
            If he had died upon his bed!
            He knew not one forewarning pain;
            He never will come home again--
            Is dead, for ever dead!"                                1050

            Beside the woman Peter stands;
            His heart is opening more and more;
            A holy sense pervades his mind;
            He feels what he for human kind
            Had never felt before.

            At length, by Peter's arm sustained,
            The Woman rises from the ground--
            "Oh, mercy! something must be done,
            My little Rachel, you must run,--
            Some willing neighbour must be found.                   1060

            "Make haste--my little Rachel--do,
            The first you meet with--bid him come,
            Ask him to lend his horse to-night,
            And this good Man, whom Heaven requite,
            Will help to bring the body home."

            Away goes Rachel weeping loud;--
            An Infant, waked by her distress,
            Makes in the house a piteous cry;
            And Peter hears the Mother sigh,
            "Seven are they, and all fatherless!"                   1070

            And now is Peter taught to feel
            That man's heart is a holy thing;
            And Nature, through a world of death,
            Breathes into him a second breath,
            More searching than the breath of spring.

            Upon a stone the Woman sits
            In agony of silent grief--
            From his own thoughts did Peter start;
            He longs to press her to his heart,
            From love that cannot find relief.                      1080

            But roused, as if through every limb
            Had past a sudden shock of dread,
            The Mother o'er the threshold flies,
            And up the cottage stairs she hies,
            And on the pillow lays her burning head.

            And Peter turns his steps aside
            Into a shade of darksome trees,
            Where he sits down, he knows not how,
            With his hands pressed against his brow,
            His elbows on his tremulous knees.                      1090

            There, self-involved, does Peter sit
            Until no sign of life he makes,
            As if his mind were sinking deep
            Through years that have been long asleep
            The trance is passed away--he wakes;

            He lifts his head--and sees the Ass
            Yet standing in the clear moonshine;
            "When shall I be as good as thou?
            Oh! would, poor beast, that I had now
            A heart but half as good as thine!"                     1100

            But 'He'--who deviously hath sought
            His Father through the lonesome woods,
            Hath sought, proclaiming to the ear
            Of night his grief and sorrowful fear--
            He comes, escaped from fields and floods;--

            With weary pace is drawing nigh;
            He sees the Ass--and nothing living
            Had ever such a fit of joy
            As hath this little orphan Boy,
            For he has no misgiving!

            Forth to the gentle Ass he springs,
            And up about his neck he climbs;
            In loving words he talks to him,
            He kisses, kisses face and limb,--
            He kisses him a thousand times!

            This Peter sees, while in the shade
            He stood beside the cottage-door;
            And Peter Bell, the ruffian wild,
            Sobs loud, he sobs even like a child,
            "O God! I can endure no more!"

            --Here ends my Tale: for in a trice
            Arrived a neighbour with his horse;
            Peter went forth with him straightway;
            And, with due care, ere break of day,
            Together they brought back the Corse.

            And many years did this poor Ass,
            Whom once it was my luck to see
            Cropping the shrubs of Leming-Lane,
            Help by his labour to maintain
            The Widow and her family.

            And Peter Bell, who, till that night,
            Had been the wildest of his clan,
            Forsook his crimes, renounced his folly,
            And, after ten months' melancholy,
            Became a good and honest man.



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