Fiction > Harvard Classics > John Bunyan > The Pilgrim’s Progress
John Bunyan (1628–1688).  The Pilgrim’s Progress.
The Harvard Classics.  1909–14.
The Pilgrim’s Progress, in the Similitude of a Dream; The Second Part
Paras. 200–299
  Now I saw still in my Dream, that they went on until they were come to the place that Simple and Sloth and Presumption lay and slept in, when Christian went by on Pilgrimage. And behold they were hanged up in irons, a little way off on the other side.  200
Simple, and Sloth, and Presumption hanged, and why

  Mercy.  Then said Mercy to him that was their Guide and Conductor, What are those three men? and for what are they hanged there?  201
  Great-heart.  These three men were men of very bad qualities, they had no mind to be Pilgrims themselves, and whosoever they could they hindered. They were for sloth and folly themselves, and whoever they could persuade with, they made so too, and withal taught them to presume that they should do well at last. They were asleep when Christian went by, and now you go by they are hanged.
        Behold here how the slothful are a sign,
Hung up ’cause holy ways they did decline.
See here too how the child doth play the man,
And weak grow strong when Great-heart leads the van.
  Mercy.  But could they persuade any to be of their opinion?  203
  Great-heart.  Yes, they turned several out of the way. There was Slow-pace that they persuaded to do as they. They also prevailed with one Short-wind, with one No-heart, with one Linger-after-lust, and with one Sleepy-head, and with a young woman her name was Dull, to turn out of the way and become as they. Besides they brought up an ill report of your Lord, persuading others that he was a Task-master. They also brought up an evil report of the good Land, saying ’twas not half so good as some pretend it was. They also began to vilify his Servants, and to count the very best of them meddlesome troublesome busy-bodies. Further, they would call the Bread of God Husks, the Comforts of his Children Fancies, the Travel and Labour of Pilgrims things to no purpose.  204
Their crimes

Who they prevailed upon to turn out of the way

  Chris.  Nay, said Christiana, if they were such, they shall never be bewailed by me. They have but what they deserve, and I think it is well that they hang so near the High-way that others may see and take warning. But had it not been well if their crimes had been engraven in some plate of iron or brass, and left here, even where they did their mischiefs, for a caution to other bad men?  205
  Great-heart.  So it is, as you well may perceive if you will go a little to the Wall.  206
  Mercy. No, no, let them hang, and their names rot, and their crimes live for ever against them. I think it a high favour that they were hanged afore we came hither, who knows else what they might a done to such poor women as we are? Then she turned it into a Song saying,
        Now then you three, hang there and be a sign
To all that shall against the truth combine.
And let him that comes after fear this end,
If unto Pilgrims he is not a Friend.
And thou, my soul, of all such men beware,
That unto holiness opposers are.
  Thus they went on, till they came at the foot of the Hill Difficulty, where again their good Friend Mr Great-heart, took an occasion to tell them of what happened there when Christian himself went by. So he had them first to the Spring. Lo, saith he, this is the Spring that Christian drank of before he went up this Hill, and then ’twas clear and good, but now ’tis dirty with the feet of some that are not desirous that Pilgrims here should quench their thirst. Thereat Mercy said, And why so envious, tro? But said the Guide, It will do, if taken up, and put into a vessel that is sweet and good; for then the dirt will sink to the bottom, and the water will come out by itself more clear. Thus therefore Christiana and her Companions were compelled to do. They took it up, and put it into an earthen pot, and so let it stand till the dirt was gone to the bottom, and then they drank thereof.  208
First Part, p. 45

It is difficult getting of good doctrine in erroneous times

  Next he shewed them the two by-ways that were at the foot of the Hill, where Formality and Hypocrisy lost themselves. And said he, these are dangerous Paths. Two were here cast away when Christian came by; and although, as you see, these ways are since stopped up with chains, posts and a ditch, yet there are that will chuse to adventure here, rather than take the pains to go up this Hill.  209
By-paths, though barred up, will not keep all from going in them

  Chris. The way of transgressors is hard. ’Tis a wonder that they can get into those ways without danger of breaking their necks.  210
  Great-heart.  They will venture; yea, if at any time any of the King’s servants doth happen to see them, and doth call unto them, and tell them that they are in the wrong ways, and do bid them beware the danger, then they will railingly return them answer and say, As for the word that thou hast spoken unto us in the name of the King, we will not hearken unto thee; but we will certainly do whatsoever thing goeth out of our own mouths, &c. Nay if you look a little farther, you shall see that these ways are made cautionary enough, not only by these posts and ditch and chain, but also by being hedged up; yet they will chuse to go there.  211
  Chris.  They are idle, they love not to take pains, uphill way is unpleasant to them. So it is fulfilled unto them as it is written, The way of the slothful man is a Hedge of Thorns. Yea, they will rather chuse to walk upon a Snare, than to go up this Hill, and the rest of this way to the City.  212
The reason why some do choose to go in by-ways

  Then they set forward, and began to go up the Hill, and up the Hill they went; but before they got to the top, Christiana began to pant, and said, I dare say this is a breathing Hill. No marvel if they that love their ease more than their souls, chuse to themselves a smoother way. Then said Mercy, I must sit down; also the least of the Children began to cry. Come, come, said Great-heart, sit not down here, for a little above is the Prince’s Arbor. Then took he the little Boy by the hand, and led him up thereto.  213
The hill puts the pilgrims to it

  When they were come to the Arbor, they were very willing to sit down, for they were all in a pelting heat. Then said Mercy, How sweet is rest to them that labour. And how good is the Prince of Pilgrims to provide such resting-places for them. Of this Arbor I have heard much, but I never saw it before. But here let us beware of sleeping; for as I have heard, for that it cost poor Christian dear.  214
They sit in the arbor

First Part, pp. 47, 48

  Then said Mr Great-heart to the little ones, Come my pretty Boys, how do you do? What think you now of going on Pilgrimage? Sir, said the least, I was almost beat out of heart, but I thank you for lending me a hand at my need. And I remember now what my Mother has told me, namely, That the way to Heaven is as up a Ladder, and the way to Hell is as down a Hill. But I had rather go up the Ladder to Life, than down the Hill to Death.  215
The little boy’s answer to the guide, and also to Mercy

  Then said Mercy, But the Proverb is, To go down the Hill is easy. But James said (for that was his name) The day is coming when in my opinion going down Hill will be the hardest of all. ’Tis a good Boy, said his Master, thou hast given her a right answer. Then Mercy smiled, but the little Boy did blush.  216
  Which is hardest, up hill or down hill?  217
  Chris.  Come, said Christiana, will you eat a bit, a little to sweeten your mouths, while you sit here to rest your legs? For I have here a piece of Pomegranate, which Mr Interpreter put in my hand, just when I came out of his doors. He gave me also a piece of an Honey-comb, and a little Bottle of Spirits. I thought he gave you something, said Mercy, because he called you a to-side. Yes, so he did, said the other; but Mercy, it shall still be, as I said it should, when at first we came from home, thou shalt be a sharer in all the good that I have, because thou so willingly didst become my Companion. Then she gave to them, and they did eat, both Mercy and the Boys. And said Christiana to Mr Great-heart, Sir, will you do as we? But he answered, You are going on Pilgrimage, and presently I shall return: much good may what you have do to you, at home I eat the same every day. Now when they had eaten and drank, and had chatted a little longer, their Guide said to them, The day wears away, if you think good, let us prepare to be going. So they got up to go, and the little Boys went before. But Christiana forgat to take her Bottle of Spirits with her, so she sent her little Boy back to fetch it. Then said Mercy, I think this is a losing place. Here Christian lost his Roll, and here Christiana left her Bottle behind her. Sir, what is the cause of this? So their Guide made answer and said, The cause is sleep or forgetfulness: some sleep when they should keep awake, and some forget when they should remember; and this is the very cause, why often at the resting-places, some Pilgrims in some things come off losers. Pilgrims should watch, and remember what they have already received under their greatest enjoyment; but for want of doing so, oft-times their Rejoicing ends in Tears, and their Sun-shine in a Cloud: witness the story of Christian at this place.  218
The refresh themselves

Christiana forgets her bottle of spirits

Mark this

First Part, pp. 47, 48

  When they were come to the place where Mistrust and Timorous met Christian to persuade him to go back for fear of the Lions, they perceived as it were a Stage, and before it towards the Road a broad plate with a Copy of Verses written thereon, and underneath, the reason of raising up of that Stage in that place rendered. The Verses were these:
          Let him that sees this Stage take heed
Unto his Heart and Tongue;
Lest if he do not, here he speed
As some have long agone.
  The words underneath the Verses were, This Stage was built to punish such upon, who through timorousness or mistrust, shall be afraid to go further on Pilgrimage. Also on this Stage both Mistrust and Timorous were burned through the Tongue with an hot Iron, for endeavouring to hinder Christian in his Journey.  220
  Then said Mercy, This is much like to the saying of the Beloved, What shall be given unto thee? or what shall be done unto thee, thou false Tongue? Sharp Arrows of the mighty, with coals of Juniper.  221
  So they went on, till they came within sight of the Lions. Now Mr Great-heart was a strong man, so he was not afraid of a Lion; but yet when they were come up to the place where the Lions were, the Boys that went before were glad to cringe behind, for they were afraid of the Lions; so they stept back, and went behind. At this their Guide smiled, and said. How now, my Boys, do you love to go before when no danger doth approach, and love to come behind so soon as the Lions appear?  222
First Part, p. 48

An emblem of those that go on bravely when there is no danger, but shrink when troubles come

  Now as they went up, Mr Great-heart drew his Sword, with intent to make a way for the Pilgrims in spite of the Lions. Then there appeared one, that it seems, had taken upon him to back the Lions; and he said to the Pilgrims’ Guide, What is the cause of your coming hither? Now the name of that man was Grim, or Bloody-man, because of his slaying of Pilgrims, and he was of the race of the Giants.  223
Of Grim and Giant, and of his backing the lions

  Great-heart.  Then said the Pilgrims’ Guide, These Women and Children are going on Pilgrimage, and this is the way they must go, and go it they shall in spite of thee and the Lions.  224
  Grim. This is not their way, neither shall they go therein. I am come forth to withstand them, and to that end will back the Lions.  225
  Now to say truth, by reason of the fierceness of the Lions, and of the grim carriage of him that did back them, this way had of late lain much un-occupied, and was almost all grown over with Grass.  226
  Chris.  Then said Christiana, Tho’ the High-ways have been un-occupied heretofore, and tho’ the Travellers have been made in time past to walk through by-paths, it must not be so now I am risen, now I am risen a Mother in Israel.  227
  Grim. Then he swore by the Lions, but it should, and therefore bid them turn aside, for they should not have passage there.  228
  Great-heart.  But their Guide made first his approach unto Grim, and laid so heavily at him with his Sword, that he forced him to a retreat.  229
  Grim. Then said he (that attempted to back the Lions) Will you slay me upon mine own ground?  230
  Great-heart.  ’Tis the King’s High-way that we are in, and in his way it is that thou hast placed thy Lions; but these Women and these Children, tho’ weak, shall hold on their way in spite of thy Lions. And with that he gave him again a downright blow, and brought him upon his knees. With this blow he also broke his Helmet, and with the next he cut off an arm. Then did the Giant roar so hideously, that his voice frighted the Women, and yet they were glad to see him lie sprawling upon the ground. Now the Lions were chained, and so of themselves could do nothing. Wherefore when old Grim that intended to back them was dead, Mr Great-heart said to the Pilgrims, Come now and follow me, and no hurt shall happen to you from the Lions. They therefore went on, but the Women trembled as they passed by them; the Boys also looked as if they would die, but they all got by without further hurt.  231
A fight betwixt Grim and Great-heart

The victory

They pass by the lions

  Now then they were within sight of the Porter’s Lodge, and they soon came up unto it; but they made the more haste after this to go thither, because ’tis dangerous travelling there in the Night. So when they were come to the Gate, the Guide knocked, and the Porter cried, Who is there? But as soon as the Guide had said, It is I, he knew his voice, and came down (for the Guide had oft before that come thither as a Conductor of Pilgrims). When he was come down, he opened the Gate, and seeing the Guide standing just before it (for he saw not the Women, for they were behind him) he said unto him, How now, Mr Great-heart, what is your business here so late to-night? I have brought, said he, some Pilgrims hither, where by my Lord’s commandment they must lodge. I had been here some time ago, had I not been opposed by the Giant that did use to back the Lions’ but I after a long and tedious combat with him, have cut him off, and have brought the Pilgrims hither in safety.  232
They come to the porter’s lodge

  Porter. Will you not go in, and stay till morning?  233
Great-heart attempts to go back

  Great-heart.  No, I will return to my Lord to-night.  234
  Chris.  Oh Sir, I know not how to be willing you should leave us in our Pilgrimage, you have been so faithful and so loving to us, you have fought so stoutly for us, you have been so hearty in counselling of us, that I shall never forget your favour towards us.  235
The pilgrims implore his company still

  Mercy.  Then said Mercy, O that we might have thy company to our Journey’s end. How can such poor Women as we hold out in a way so full of troubles as this way is, without a Friend and Defender?  236
  James.  Then said James, the youngest of the Boys, Pray Sir, be persuaded to go with us, and help us, because we are so weak, and the way so dangerous as it is.  237
  Great-heart.  I am at my Lord’s commandment. If he shall allot me to be your Guide quite through, I will willingly wait upon you. But here you failed at first; for when he bid me come thus far with you, then you should have begged me of him to have gone quite through with you, and he would have granted your request. However at present I must withdraw, and so, good Christiana, Mercy, and my brave Children Adieu.  238
Help lost for want of asking for

  Then the Porter, Mr Watchful, asked Christiana of her Country, and of her Kindred. And she said, I came from the City of Destruction, I am a Widow woman, and my Husband is dead, his name was Christian the Pilgrim. How, said the Porter, was he your Husband? Yes, said she, and these are his Children; and this, pointing to Mercy, is one of my Towns-women. Then the Porter rang his bell, as at such times he is wont, and there came to the door one of the Damsels, whose name was Humble-mind. And to her the Porter said, Go tell it within that Christiana the Wife of Christian, and her Children, are come hither on Pilgrimage. She went in therefore and told it. But O what a noise for gladness was there within, when the Damsel did but drop that word out of her mouth.  239
First Part, p. 49

Christiana makes herself known to the porter; he tells it to a damsel

Joy at the noise of the pilgrims’ coming

  So they came with haste to the Porter, for Christiana stood still at the door. Then some of the most grave said unto her, Come in Christiana, come in thou Wife of that good man, come in thou blessed woman, come in with all that are with thee. So she went in, and they followed her that were her Children and her Companions. Now when they were gone in, they were had into a very large room, where they were bidden to sit down, so they sat down; and the Chief of the house was called to see and welcome the Guests. Then they came in, and understanding who they were, did salute each other with a kiss, and said, Welcome ye Vessels of the Grace of God, welcome to us your Friends.  240
Christians’ love is kindled at the sight of one another

  Now because it was somewhat late, and because the Pilgrims were weary with their Journey, and also made faint with the sight of the Fight and of the terrible Lions, therefore they desired as soon as might be, to prepare to go to rest. Nay, said those of the Family, refresh your selves first with a morsel of Meat. For they had prepared for them a Lamb, with the accustomed Sauce belonging thereto; for the Porter had heard before of their coming, and had told it to them within. So when they had supped, and ended their Prayer with a Psalm, they desired they might go to rest. But let us, said Christiana, if we may be so bold as to chuse, be in that Chamber that was my Husband’s when he was here. So they had them up thither, and they lay all in a room. When they were at rest, Christiana and Mercy entred into discourse about things that were convenient.  241
First Part, p. 56

Christ’s bosom is for all pilgrims

  Chris.  Little did I think once, that when my Husband went on Pilgrimage, I should ever a followed.  242
  Mercy.  And you as little thought of lying in his Bed and in his Chamber to rest, as you do now.  243
  Chris.  And much less did I ever think of seeing his face with comfort, and of worshipping the Lord the King with him, and yet now I believe I shall.  244
  Mercy.  Hark, don’t you hear a noise?  245
  Chris.  Yes, ’tis as I believe, a noise of Musick for joy that we are here.  246

  Mercy.  Wonderful! Musick in the House, Musick in the Heart, and Musick also in Heaven, for joy that we are here.  247
  Thus they talked awhile, and then betook themselves to sleep. So in the morning, when they were awake, Christiana said to Mercy:  248
  Chris.  What was the matter that you did laugh in your sleep to-night. I suppose you was in a Dream.  249
Mercy did laugh in her sleep

  Mercy.  So I was, and a sweet Dream it was, but are you sure I laughed?  250
  Chris.  Yes, you laughed heartily; but prithee Mercy, tell me thy dream.  251
  Mercy.  I was a dreamed that I sat all alone in a solitary place, and was bemoaning of the hardness of my Heart.  252
Mercy’s dream

  Now I had not sat there long, but methought many were gathered about me, to see me, and to hear what it was that I said. So they hearkened, and I went on be moaning the hardness of my Heart. At this some of them laughed at me, some called me Fool, and some began to thrust me about. With that, methought I looked up, and saw one coming with Wings towards me. So he came directly to me, and said, Mercy, what aileth thee? Now when he had heard me make my complaint, he said, Peace be to thee. He also wiped mine eyes with his Handkerchief, and clad me in Silver and Gold: he put a Chain about my Neck, and Ear-rings in mine Ears, and a beautiful Crown upon my Head. Then he took me by the Hand, and said Mercy, come after me. So he went up, and I followed, till we came at a Golden Gate. Then he knocked; and when they within had opened, the man went in, and I followed him up to a Throne, upon which one sat, and he said to me, Welcome Daughter. The place looked bright and twinkling like the Stars, or rather like the Sun, and I thought that I saw your Husband there. So I awoke from my Dream. But did I laugh?  253
Mercy’s dream

What her dream was

  Chris.  Laugh: ay, and well you might, to see yourself so well. For you must give me leave to tell you, that I believe it was a good Dream, and that as you have begun to find the first part true, so you shall find the second at last. God speaks once, yea twice, yet man perceiveth it not. In a Dream, in a Vision of the night, when deep sleep falleth upon men, in slumbring upon the bed. We need not, when a-bed, lie awake to talk with God. He can visit us while we sleep, and cause us then to hear his voice. Our heart oft-times wakes when we sleep; and God can speak to that, either by words, by Proverbs, by Signs and Similitudes, as well as if one was awake.  254
  Mercy.  Well, I am glad of my Dream, for I hope ere long to see it fulfilled, to the making of me laugh again.  255
Mercy glad of her dream

  Chris.  I think it is now high time to rise, and to know what we must do.  256
  Mercy.  Pray, if they invite us to stay a while, let us willingly accept of the proffer. I am the willinger to stay a while here, to grow better acquainted with these Maids. Methinks Prudence Piety and Charity have very comely and sober countenances.  257
  Chris.  We shall see what they will do. So when they were up and ready, they came down. And they asked one another of their rest, and if it was comfortable or not.  258
  Mercy.  Very good, said Mercy; it was one of the best night’s Lodging that ever I had in my life.  259
  Then said Prudence and Piety, If you will be persuaded to stay here a while, you shall have what the house will afford.  260
They stay here some time

  Char.  Ay, and that with a very good will, said Charity. So they consented, and stayed there about a month or above, and became very profitable one to another. And because Prudence would see how Christiana had brought up her Children, she asked leave of her to catechise them. So she gave her free consent. Then she began at the youngest, whose name was James.  261
Prudence desires to catechise Christiana’s children

  Prudence.  And she said, Come James, canst thou tell who made thee?  262
James catechised

  James.  God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost.  263
  Prud.  Good Boy. And canst thou tell me who saves thee?  264
  James.  God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost.  265
  Prud.  Good Boy still. But how doth God the Father save thee?  266
  James.  By his Grace.  267
  Prud.  How doth God the Son save thee?  268
  James.  By his Righteousness, Death, and Blood, and Life.  269
  Prud.  And how doth God the Holy Ghost save thee?  270
  James.  By his Illumination, by his Renovation, and by his Preservation.  271
  Then said Prudence to Christiana, You are to be commended for thus bringing up your Children. I suppose I need not ask the rest these questions, since the youngest of them can answer them so well. I will therefore now apply myself to the youngest next.  272
  Prud.  Then she said, Come Joseph (for his name was Joseph) will you let me catechise you?  273
Joseph catechised

  Joseph. With all my heart.  274
  Prud.  What is Man?  275
  Joseph. A Reasonable Creature, so made by God, as my Brother said.  276
  Prud.  What is supposed by this word saved?  277
  Joseph. That Man by Sin has brought himself into a state of Captivity and Misery.  278
  Prud.  What is supposed by his being saved by the Trinity?  279
  Joseph. That Sin is so great and mighty a Tyrant, that none can pull us out of its clutches but God; and that God is so good and loving to man, as to pull him indeed out of this miserable state.  280
  Prud.  What is God’s design in saving of poor Men? Joseph. The glorifying of his Name, of his Grace and Justice, &c. and the everlasting Happiness of his Creature.  281
  Prud.  Who are they that must he saved.  282
  Joseph. Those that accept of his Salvation.  283
  Prud.  Good Boy, Joseph, thy Mother has taught thee well, and thou hast hearkened to what she hath said unto thee.  284
  Then said Prudence to Samuel, who was the eldest but one.  285
  Prud.  Come Samuel, are you willing that I should catechise you also?  286
Samuel catechised

  Samuel.  Yes, forsooth, if you please.  287
  Prud.  What is Heaven?  288
  Sam.  A place and state most blessed, because God dwelleth there.  289
  Prud.  What is Hell?  290
  Sam.  A place and state most woful, because it is the dwelling place of Sin, the Devil, and Death.  291
  Prud.  Why wouldst thou go to Heaven?  292
  Sam.  That I may see God, and serve him without weariness; that I may see Christ, and love him everlastingly; that I may have that fulness of the Holy Spirit in me that I can by no means here enjoy.  293
  Prud.  A very good Boy also, and one that has learned well.  294
  Then she addressed herself to the eldest, whose name was Matthew; and she said to him, Come Matthew, shall I also catechise you?  295
Matthew catechised

  Matthew.  With a very good will.  296
  Prud.  I ask then, if there was ever anything that had a being antecedent to or before God,  297
  Matt. No, for God is eternal, nor is there anything excepting himself that had a being until the beginning of the first day. For in six days the Lord made Heaven and Earth, the Sea and all that in them is.  298
  Prud.  What do you think of the Bible?  299


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