Verse > Alexander Pope > Complete Poetical Works
Alexander Pope (1688–1744).  Complete Poetical Works.  1903.
Translations from Homer
The Iliad
Book VII. The Single Combat of Hector and Ajax
The Argument
  The battle renewing with double ardour upon the return of Hector, Minerva is under apprehensions for the Greeks. Apollo, seeing her descend from Olympus, joins her near the Scæan gate. They agree to put off the general engagement for that day, and incite Hector to challenge the Greeks to a single combat. Nine of the Princes accepting the challenge, the lot is cast, and falls upon Ajax. These heroes, after several attacks, are parted by the night. The Trojans calling a council, Antenor proposes the delivery of Helen to the Greeks, to which Paris will not consent, but offers to restore them her riches. Priam sends a herald to make this offer, and to demand a truce for burning the dead, the last of which only is agreed to by Agamemnon. When the funerals are performed, the Greeks, pursuant to the advice of Nestor, erect a fortification to protect their fleet and camp, flanked with towers, and defended by a ditch and palisades. Neptune testifies his jealousy at this work, but is pacified by a promise from Jupiter. Both armies pass the night in feasting, but Jupiter disheartens the Trojans with thunder and other signs of his wrath.
  The three-and-twentieth day ends with the duel of Hector and Ajax; the next day the truce is agreed: another is taken up in the funeral rites of the slain; and one more in building the fortification before the ships; so that somewhat above three days is employed in this book. The scene lies wholly in the field.

  SO spoke the guardian of the Trojan state,
Then rush’d impetuous thro’ the Scæan gate.
Him Paris follow’d to the dire alarms;
Both breathing slaughter, both resolv’d in arms.
As when to sailors lab’ring thro’ the main,        5
That long had heav’d the weary oar in vain,
Jove bids at length th’ expected gales arise;
The gales blow grateful, and the vessel flies:
So welcome these to Troy’s desiring train:
The bands are cheer’d, the war awakes again.        10
  Bold Paris first the work of death begun
On great Menestheus, Areïthous’ son;
Sprung from the fair Philomeda’s embrace,
The pleasing Arne was his native place.
Then sunk Eioneus to the shades below;        15
Beneath his steely casque he felt the blow
Full on his neck, from Hector’s weighty hand;
And roll’d, with limbs relax’d, along the land.
By Glaucus’ spear the bold Iphinous bleeds,
Fix’d in the shoulder as he mounts his steeds;        20
Headlong he tumbles: his slack nerves unbound
Drop the cold useless members on the ground.
  When now Minerva saw her Argives slain,
From vast Olympus to the gleaming plain
Fierce she descends: Apollo mark’d her flight,        25
Nor shot less swift from Ilion’s tow’ry height:
Radiant they met, beneath the beechen shade;
When thus Apollo to the Blue-eyed Maid:
  ‘What cause, O daughter of almighty Jove!
Thus wings thy progress from the realms above?        30
Once more impetuous dost thou bend thy way,
To give to Greece the long-divided day?
Too much has Troy already felt thy hate,
Now breathe thy rage, and hush the stern debate:
This day the bus’ness of the field suspend;        35
War soon shall kindle, and great Ilion bend;
Since vengeful Goddesses confed’rate join
To raze her walls, tho’ built by hands divine.’
  To whom the progeny of Jove replies:
‘I left for this the council of the skies:        40
But who shall bid conflicting hosts forbear,
What art shall calm the furious sons of war?’
  To her the God: ‘Great Hector’s soul incite
To dare the boldest Greek to single fight,
Till Greece, provoked, from all her numbers shew        45
A warrior worthy to be Hector’s foe.’
  At this agreed, the heav’nly Powers withdrew;
Sage Helenus their secret counsels knew:
Hector inspired he sought: to him address’d,
Thus told the dictates of his sacred breast:        50
‘O son of Priam! let thy faithful ear
Receive my words; thy friend and brother hear!
Go forth persuasive, and awhile engage
The warring nations to suspend their rage;
Then dare the boldest of the hostile train        55
To mortal combat on the listed plain,
For not this day shall end thy glorious date;
The Gods have spoke it, and their voice is Fate.’
  He said: the warrior heard the word with joy;
Then with his spear restrain’d the youth of Troy,        60
Held by the midst athwart. On either hand
The squadrons part; th’ expecting Trojans stand.
Great Agamemnon bids the Greeks forbear;
They breathe, and hush the tumult of the war.
Th’ Athenian Maid, and glorious God of Day,        65
With silent joy the settling hosts survey:
In form of vultures, on the beech’s height
They sit conceal’d, and wait the future fight.
  The thronging troops obscure the dusky fields,
Horrid with bristling spears, and gleaming shields.        70
As when a gen’ral darkness veils the main
(Soft Zephyr curling the wide wat’ry plain),
The waves scarce heave, the face of ocean sleeps,
And a still horror saddens all the deeps:
Thus in thick orders settling wide around,        75
At length composed they sit, and shade the ground.
Great Hector first amidst both armies broke
The solemn silence, and their powers bespoke:
  ‘Hear all ye Trojan, all ye Grecian bands,
What my soul prompts, and what some God commands.        80
Great Jove, averse our warfare to compose,
O’erwhelms the nations with new toils and woes;
War with a fiercer tide once more returns,
Till Ilion falls, or till yon navy burns.
You then, O Princes of the Greeks! appear;        85
’T is Hector speaks, and calls the Gods to hear:
From all your troops select the boldest knight,
And him, the boldest, Hector dares to fight.
Here if I fall, by chance of battle slain,
Be his my spoil, and his these arms remain;        90
But let my body, to my friends return’d,
By Trojan hands, and Trojan flames be burn’d.
And if Apollo, in whose aid I trust,
Shall stretch your daring champion in the dust;
If mine the glory to despoil the foe,        95
On Phœbus’ temple I ’ll his arms bestow;
The breathless carcass to your navy sent,
Greece on the shore shall raise a monument;
Which when some future mariner surveys,
Wash’d by broad Hellespont’s resounding seas,        100
Thus shall he say, A valiant Greek lies there,
By Hector slain, the mighty man of war.
The stone shall tell your vanquish’d hero’s name,
And distant ages learn the victor’s fame.’
  This fierce defiance Greece astonish’d heard,        105
Blush’d to refuse, and to accept it fear’d.
Stern Menelaus first the silence broke,
And, inly groaning, thus opprobrious spoke:
  ‘Women of Greece! Oh scandal of your race,
Whose coward souls your manly forms disgrace,        110
How great the shame, when ev’ry age shall know
That not a Grecian met this noble foe!
Go then, resolve to earth from whence ye grew,
A heartless, spiritless, inglorious crew!
Be what ye seem, unanimated clay!        115
Myself will dare the danger of the day.
’T is man’s bold task the gen’rous strife to try,
But in the hands of God is victory.’
  These words scarce spoke, with gen’rous ardour press’d,
His manly limbs in azure arms he dress’d:        120
That day, Atrides! a superior hand
Had stretch’d thee breathless on the hostile strand;
But all at once, thy fury to compose,
The Kings of Greece, an awful band, arose:
Ev’n he their Chief, great Agamemnon, press’d        125
Thy daring hand, and this advice address’d:
‘Whither, O Menelaus! wouldst thou run,
And tempt a fate which prudence bids thee shun?
Griev’d tho’ thou art, forbear the rash design;
Great Hector’s arm is mightier far than thine.        130
Ev’n fierce Achilles learn’d its force to fear,
And trembling met this dreadful son of war.
Sit thou secure amidst thy social band;
Greece in our cause shall arm some powerful hand.
The mightiest warrior of th’ Achaian name,        135
Tho’ bold, and burning with desire of Fame,
Content, the doubtful honour might forego,
So great the danger, and so brave the foe.’
  He said, and turn’d his brother’s vengeful mind;
He stoop’d to reason, and his rage resign’d,        140
No longer bent to rush on certain harms:
His joyful friends unbrace his azure arms.
  He, from whose lips divine persuasion flows,
Grave Nestor then, in graceful act arose.
Thus to the Kings he spoke: ‘What grief, what shame,        145
Attend on Greece, and all the Grecian name!
How shall, alas! her hoary heroes mourn
Their sons degen’rate, and their race a scorn;
What tears shall down thy silver beard be roll’d,
Oh Peleus, old in arms, in wisdom old!        150
Once with what joy the gen’rous Prince would hear
Of ev’ry Chief, who fought this glorious war,
Participate their fame, and pleas’d inquire
Each name, each action, and each hero’s sire!
Gods! should he see our warriors trembling stand,        155
And trembling all before one hostile hand;
How would he lift his aged arms on high,
Lament inglorious Greece, and beg to die!
Oh! would to all th’ immortal Powers above,
Minerva, Phæbus, and almighty Jove!        160
Years might again roll back, my youth renew,
And give this arm the spring which once it knew:
When, fierce in war, where Jardan’s waters fall
I led my troops to Phea’s trembling wall,
And with th’ Arcadian spears my prowess tried,        165
Where Celadon rolls down his rapid tide.
There Ereuthalion braved us in the field,
Proud Areithous’ dreadful arms to wield;
Great Areithous, known from shore to shore
By the huge, knotted, iron mace he bore;        170
No lance he shook, nor bent the twanging bow,
But broke, with this, the battle of the foe.
Him not by manly force Lycurgus slew,
Whose guileful jav’lin from the thicket flew,
Deep in a winding way his breast assail’d,        175
Nor aught the warrior’s thund’ring mace avail’d:
Supine he fell: those arms which Mars before
Had giv’n the vanquish’d, now the victor bore:
But when old age had dimm’d Lycurgus’ eyes,
To Ereuthalion he consign’d the prize.        180
Furious with this, he crush’d our levell’d bands,
And dared the trial of the strongest hands;
Nor could the strongest hands his fury stay;
All saw, and fear’d, his huge tempestuous sway;
Till I, the youngest of the host, appear’d,        185
And, youngest, met whom all our army fear’d.
I fought the Chief; my arms Minerva crown’d:
Prone fell the giant o’er a length of ground.
What then he was, oh were your Nestor now!
Not Hector’s self should want an equal foe.        190
But, warriors, you that youthful vigour boast,
The flower of Greece, th’ examples of our host,
Sprung from such fathers, who such numbers sway,
Can you stand trembling, and desert the day?’
  His warm reproofs the list’ning Kings inflame;        195
And nine, the noblest of the Grecian name,
Upstarted fierce: but far before the rest
The King of men advanc’d his dauntless breast;
Then bold Tydides, great in arms, appear’d;
And next his bulk gigantic Ajax rear’d.        200
Oïleus follow’d: Idomen was there,
And Merion, dreadful as the God of War:
With these Eurypylus and Thoas stand,
And wise Ulysses closed the daring band.
All these, alike inspired with noble rage,        205
Demand the fight. To whom the Pylian sage:
  ‘Lest thirst of glory your brave souls divide,
What Chief shall combat, let the lots decide.
Whom Heav’n shall choose, be his the chance to raise
His country’s fame, his own immortal praise.’        210
  The lots produced, each hero signs his own;
Then in the Gen’ral’s helm the fates are thrown.
The people pray with lifted eyes and hands,
And vows like these ascend from all the bands:
‘Grant thou, Almighty! in whose hand is fate,        215
A worthy champion for the Grecian state.
This task let Ajax or Tydides prove,
Or he, the King of Kings, belov’d by Jove.’
  Old Nestor shook the casque. By Heav’n inspired,
Leap’d forth the lot, of ev’ry Greek desired.        220
This from the right to left the herald bears,
Held out in order to the Grecian peers;
Each to his rival yields the mark unknown,
Till godlike Ajax finds the lot his own;
Surveys th’ inscription with rejoicing eyes,        225
Then casts before him, and with transport cries:
  ‘Warriors! I claim the lot, and arm with joy;
Be mine the conquest of this Chief of Troy.
Now, while my brightest arms my limbs invest,
To Saturn’s son be all your vows address’d:        230
But pray in secret, lest the foes should hear,
And deem your prayers the mean effect of fear.
Said I in secret? No, your vows declare,
In such a voice as fills the earth and air.
Lives there a Chief, whom Ajax ought to dread,        235
Ajax, in all the toils of battle bred?
From warlike Salamis I drew my birth,
And, born to combats, fear no force of earth.’
  He said. The troops with elevated eyes,
Implore the God whose thunder rends the skies:        240
‘O Father of Mankind, superior Lord!
On lofty Ida’s holy hill ador’d;
Who in the highest Heav’n hast fix’d thy throne,
Supreme of Gods! unbounded, and alone:
Grant thou, that Telamon may bear away        245
The praise and conquest of this doubtful day;
Or if illustrious Hector be thy care,
That both may claim it, and that both may share.’
  Now Ajax braced his dazzling armour on;
Sheathed in bright steel the giant warrior shone:        250
He moves to combat with majestic pace;
So stalks in arms the grisly God of Thrace,
When Jove to punish faithless men prepares,
And gives whole nations to the waste of wars.
Thus march’d the Chief, tremendous as a God;        255
Grimly he smil’d: earth trembled as he strode:
His massy jav’lin quiv’ring in his hand,
He stood, the bulwark of the Grecian band.
Thro’ every Argive heart new transport ran;
All Troy stood trembling at the mighty man.        260
Ev’n Hector paus’d; and, with new doubt oppress’d,
Felt his great heart suspended in his breast:
’T was vain to seek retreat, and vain to fear;
Himself had challenged, and the foe drew near.
  Stern Telamon behind his ample shield,        265
As from a brazen tower, o’erlook’d the field.
Huge was its orb, with seven thick folds o’ercast
Of tough bull-hides; of solid brass the last
(The work of Tychius, who in Hyle dwell’d,
And all in arts of armoury excell’d).        270
This Ajax bore before his manly breast,
And, threat’ning, thus his adverse Chief address’d:
  ‘Hector! approach my arm, and singly know
What strength thou hast, and what the Grecian foe.
Achilles shuns the fight; yet some there are        275
Not void of soul, and not unskill’d in war:
Let him, inactive on the sea-beat shore,
Indulge his wrath, and aid our arms no more;
Whole troops of heroes Greece has yet to boast,
And sends thee one, a sample of her host.        280
Such as I am, I come to prove thy might;
No more—be sudden, and begin the fight.’
  ‘O son of Telamon, thy country’s pride’
(To Ajax thus the Trojan Prince replied),
‘Me, as a boy or woman, would’st thou fright,        285
New to the field, and trembling at the fight?
Thou meet’st a Chief deserving of thy arms,
To combat born, and bred amidst alarms:
I know to shift my ground, remount the car,
Turn, charge, and answer every call of war:        290
To right, to left, the dext’rous lance I wield,
And bear thick battle on my sounding shield.
But open be our fight, and bold each blow;
I steal no conquest from a noble foe.’
  He said, and, rising high above the field,        295
Whirl’d the long lance against the sev’nfold shield.
Full on the brass descending from above
Thro’ six bull-hides the furious weapon drove,
Till in the sev’nth it fix’d. Then Ajax threw;
Thro’ Hector’s shield the forceful jav’lin flew;        300
His corslet enters, and his garment rends,
And glancing downwards, near his flank descends.
The wary Trojan shrinks, and, bending low
Beneath his buckler, disappoints the blow.
From their bored shields the Chiefs their jav’lins drew,        305
Then close impetuous, and the charge renew:
Fierce as the mountain lions bathed in blood,
Or foaming boars, the terror of the wood.
At Ajax, Hector his long lance extends;
The blunted point against the buckler bends.        310
But Ajax, watchful as his foe drew near,
Drove thro’ the Trojan targe the knotty spear;
It reach’d his neck, with matchless strength impell’d;
Spouts the black gore, and dims the shining shield.
Yet ceas’d not Hector thus; but, stooping down,        315
In his strong hand upheav’d a flinty stone,
Black, craggy, vast: to this his force he bends;
Full on the brazen boss the stone descends;
The hollow brass resounded with the shock.
Then Ajax seiz’d the fragment of a rock,        320
Applied each nerve, and, swinging round on high,
With force tempestuous let the ruin fly:
The huge stone thund’ring thro’ his buckler broke;
His slacken’d knees receiv’d the numbing stroke;
Great Hector falls extended on the field,        325
His bulk supporting on the shatter’d shield:
Nor wanted heav’nly aid: Apollo’s might
Confirm’d his sinews, and restored to fight.
And now both heroes their broad falchions drew;
In flaming circles round their heads they flew;        330
But then by heralds’ voice the word was giv’n,
The sacred Ministers of earth and Heav’n:
Divine Talthybius whom the Greeks employ,
And sage Idæus on the part of Troy,
Between the swords their peaceful sceptres rear’d;        335
And first Idæus’ awful voice was heard:
  ‘Forbear, my sons! your farther force to prove,
Both dear to men, and both belov’d of Jove.
To either host your matchless worth is known,
Each sounds your praise, and war is all your own.        340
But now the Night extends her awful shade:
The Goddess parts you: be the night obey’d.’
  To whom great Ajax his high soul express’d:
‘O sage! to Hector be these words address’d.
Let him, who first provoked our Chiefs to fight,        345
Let him demand the sanction of the night;
If first he ask it, I content obey,
And cease the strife when Hector shews the way.’
  ‘O first of Greeks’ (his noble foe rejoin’d),
‘Whom Heav’n adorns, superior to thy kind,        350
With strength of body, and with worth of mind!
Now martial law commands us to forbear;
Hereafter we shall meet in glorious war;
Some future day shall lengthen out the strife,
And let the Gods decide of death or life!        355
Since then the Night extends her gloomy shade,
And Heav’n enjoins it, be the night obey’d.
Return, brave Ajax, to thy Grecian friends,
And joy the nations whom thy arm defends;
As I shall glad each Chief, and Trojan wife,        360
Who wearies Heav’n with vows for Hector’s life.
But let us, on this memorable day,
Exchange some gift; that Greece and Troy may say,
“Not hate, but glory, made these Chiefs contend;
And each brave foe was in his soul a friend.”’        365
  With that, a sword with stars of silver graced,
The baldrick studded, and the sheath enchased,
He gave the Greek. The gen’rous Greek bestow’d
A radiant belt that rich with purple glow’d.
Then with majestic grace they quit the plain;        370
This seeks the Grecian, that the Phrygian train.
  The Trojan bands returning Hector wait,
And hail with joy the champion of their state:
Escaped great Ajax, they survey’d him round,
Alive, unharm’d, and vig’rous from his wound.        375
To Troy’s high gates the godlike man they bear,
Their present triumph, as their late despair.
  But Ajax, glorying in his hardy deed,
The well-arm’d Greeks to Agamemnon lead.
A steer for sacrifice the King design’d,        380
Of full five years, and of the nobler kind.
The victim falls; they strip the smoking hide,
The beast they quarter, and the joints divide;
Then spread the tables, the repast prepare,
Each takes his seat, and each receives his share.        385
The King himself (an honorary sign)
Before great Ajax placed the mighty chine.
When now, the rage of hunger was remov’d,
Nestor, in each persuasive art approv’d,
The sage whose counsels long had sway’d the rest,        390
In words like these his prudent thought express’d:
  ‘How dear, O King! this fatal day has cost!
What Greeks are perish’d! what a people lost!
What tides of blood have drench’d Scamander’s shore!
What crowds of heroes sunk, to rise no more!        395
Then hear me, Chief! nor let the morrow’s light
Awake thy squadrons to new toils of fight:
Some space at least permit the war to breathe,
While we to flames our slaughter’d friends bequeath,
From the red field their scatter’d bodies bear,        400
And nigh the fleet a funeral structure rear:
So decent urns their snowy bones may keep,
And pious children o’er their ashes weep.
Here, where on one promiscuous pile they blaz’d,
High o’er them all a gen’ral tomb be rais’d;        405
Next, to secure our camp, and naval powers,
Raise an embattled wall, with lofty towers;
From space to space be ample gates around,
For passing chariots, and a trench profound.
So Greece to combat shall in safety go,        410
Nor fear the fierce incursions of the foe.’
’T was thus the sage his wholesome counsel mov’d;
The sceptred Kings of Greece his words approv’d.
  Meanwhile, convened at Priam’s palace gate,
The Trojan peers in nightly council sate:        415
A senate void of order, as of choice,
Their hearts were fearful, and confused their voice.
Antenor rising, thus demands their ear:
‘Ye Trojans, Dardans, and auxiliars, hear!
’T is Heav’n the counsel of my breast inspires,        420
And I but move what ev’ry God requires:
Let Sparta’s treasures be this hour restor’d,
And Argive Helen own her ancient lord.
The ties of faith, the sworn alliance broke
Our impious battles the just Gods provoke.        425
As this advice ye practise, or reject,
So hope success, or dread the dire effect.’
  The senior spoke, and sat. To whom replied
The graceful husband of the Spartan bride:
‘Cold counsels, Trojan, may become thy years,        430
But sound ungrateful in a warrior’s ears:
Old man, if void of fallacy or art,
Thy words express the purpose of thy heart,
Thou, in thy time, more sound advice hast giv’n;
But wisdom has its date, assign’d by Heav’n.        435
Then hear me, Princes of the Trojan name!
Their treasures I ’ll restore, but not the dame;
My treasures, too, for peace I will resign;
But be this bright possession ever mine.’
  ’T was then, the growing discord to compose,        440
Slow from his seat the rev’rend Priam rose:
His godlike aspect deep attention drew:
He paus’d, and these pacific words ensue:
  ‘Ye Trojans, Dardans, and auxiliar bands!
Now take refreshment as the hour demands;        445
Guard well the walls, relieve the watch of night,
Till the new sun restores the cheerful light:
Then shall our herald, to th’ Atrides sent,
Before their ships proclaim my son’s intent.
Next let a truce be ask’d, that Troy may burn        450
Her slaughter’d heroes, and their bones inurn;
That done, once more the fate of war be tried,
And whose the conquest, mighty Jove decide!’
  The Monarch spoke: the warriors snatch’d with haste
(Each at his post in arms) a short repast.        455
Soon as the rosy morn had waked the day,
To the black ships Idæus bent his way;
There, to the sons of Mars, in council found,
He rais’d his voice: the hosts stood list’ning round:
  ‘Ye sons of Atreus, and ye Greeks, give ears!        460
The words of Troy, and Troy’s great monarch, hear.
Pleas’d may ye hear (so Heav’n succeed my prayers)
What Paris, author of the war, declares.
The spoils and treasures he to Ilion bore
(O had he perish’d ere they touch’d our shore)        465
He proffers injured Greece; with large increase
Of added Trojan wealth, to buy the peace.
But, to restore the beauteous bride again,
This Greece demands, and Troy requests in vain.
Next, O ye Chiefs! we ask a truce to burn        470
Our slaughter’d heroes, and their bones inurn.
That done, once more the fate of war be tried,
And whose the conquest, mighty Jove decide!’
  The Greeks give ear, but none the silence broke;
At length Tydides rose, and rising spoke:        475
‘O take not, friends! defrauded of your fame,
Their proffer’d wealth, nor ev’n the Spartan dame.
Let conquest make them ours: Fate shakes their wall,
And Troy already totters to her fall.’
  Th’ admiring Chiefs, and all the Grecian name,        480
With gen’ral shouts return’d him loud acclaim.
Then thus the King of Kings rejects the peace:
‘Herald! in him thou hear’st the voice of Greece.
For what remains, let funeral flames be fed
With hero’s corpse: I war not with the dead:        485
Go, search your slaughter’d Chiefs on yonder plain,
And gratify the Manes of the slain.
Be witness, Jove, whose thunder rolls on high!’
He said, and rear’d his sceptre to the sky.
  To sacred Troy, where all her Princes lay        490
To wait th’ event, the herald bent his way.
He came, and, standing in the midst, explain’d;
The peace rejected, but the truce obtain’d,
Straight to their sev’ral cares the Trojans move;
Some search the plain, some fell the sounding grove:        495
Nor less the Greeks, descending on the shore,
Hew’d the green forests, and the bodies bore.
And now from forth the chambers of the main,
To shed his sacred light on earth again,
Arose the golden chariot of the day,        500
And tipp’d the mountains with a purple ray.
In mingled throngs the Greek and Trojan train
Thro’ heaps of carnage search’d the mournful plain.
Scarce could the friend his slaughter’d friend explore,
With dust dishonour’d, and deform’d with gore.        505
The wounds they wash’d, their pious tears they shed,
And, laid along their cars, deplored the dead.
Sage Priam check’d their grief: with silent haste
The bodies decent on the piles were placed:
With melting hearts the cold remains they burn’d;        510
And sadly slow to sacred Troy return’d.
Nor less the Greeks their pious sorrows shed,
And decent on the pile dispose the dead;
The cold remains consume with equal care;
And slowly, sadly, to their fleet repair.        515
Now, ere the morn had streak’d with redd’ning light
The doubtful confines of the day and night;
About the dying flames the Greeks appear’d,
And round the dying a gen’ral tomb they rear’d.
Then, to secure the camp and naval powers,        520
They rais’d embattled walls with lofty towers:
From space to space were ample gates around,
For passing chariots; and a trench profound,
Of large extent: and deep in earth below
Strong piles infix’d stood adverse to the foe.        525
  So toil’d the Greeks: meanwhile the Gods above,
In shining circle round their father Jove,
Amazed beheld the wondrous works of man:
Then he whose trident shakes the earth began:
  ‘What mortals henceforth shall our power adore,        530
Our fanes frequent, our oracles implore,
If the proud Grecians thus successful boast
Their rising bulwarks on the sea-beat coast?
See the long walls extending to the main,
No God consulted, and no victim slain!        535
Their fame shall fill the world’s remotest ends;
Wide as the morn her golden beam extends:
While old Laömedon’s divine abodes,
Those radiant structures rais’d by lab’ring Gods,
Shall, razed and lost, in long oblivion sleep.’        540
Thus spoke the hoary monarch of the deep.
  Th’ almighty Thund’rer with a frown replies,
That clouds the world, and blackens half the skies:
‘Strong God of Ocean! thou, whose rage can make
The solid earth’s eternal basis shake!        545
What cause of fear from mortal works could move
The meanest subject of our realms above?
Where’er the sun’s refulgent rays are cast,
Thy power is honour’d and thy fame shall last.
But yon proud work no future age shall view,        550
No trace remain where once the glory grew.
The sapp’d foundations by thy force shall fall,
And, whelm’d beneath thy waves, drop the huge wall;
Vast drifts of sand shall change the former shore;
The ruin vanish’d, and the name no more.’        555
  Thus they in Heav’n: while o’er the Grecian train
The rolling sun descending to the main
Beheld the finish’d work. Their bulls they slew;
Black from the tents the sav’ry vapours flew.
And now the fleet, arrived from Lemnos’ strands,        560
With Bacchus’ blessings cheer’d the gen’rous bands.
Of fragrant wines the rich Eunæus sent
A thousand measures to the royal tent
(Eunæus, whom Hypsipyle of yore
To Jason, shepherd of his people, bore).        565
The rest they purchas’d at their proper cost,
And well the plenteous freight supplied the host:
Each, in exchange, proportion’d treasures gave,
Some brass, or iron, some an ox or slave.
All night they feast, the Greek and Trojan powers;        570
Those on the fields, and these within their towers.
But Jove averse the signs of wrath display’d,
And shot red lightnings thro’ the gloomy shade:
Humbled they stood; pale horror seized on all,
While the deep thunder shook th’ aërial hall.        575
Each pour’d to Jove, before the bowl was crown’d,
And large libations drench’d the thirsty ground;
Then late, refresh’d with sleep from toils of fight,
Enjoy’d the balmy blessings of the night.

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