Roget's Int'l Thesaurus
Fowler's King's English
The King James Bible
Brewer's Phrase & Fable
Frazer's Golden Bough
Shelf of Fiction
The Age of Johnson
> Gray’s family and life
His friends at Eton and Cambridge; His vacations at Burnham
INDEX OF ALL CHAPTERS
The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes
Volume X. The Age of Johnson.
§ 1. Gray’s family and life.
THOMAS GRAY, a poet whose influence upon subsequent literature was largely in excess of the volume of his published works, was born in Cornhill, 26 December, 1716. His father, Philip Gray, was an exchange broker, but seems to have combined with this other and more hazardous pursuits. He was a selfish, despotic, ill-tempered man, passionate even to the verge of lunacy. He owned the house in which the poet was born, and, about the year 1706, let it, and the shop connected with it, to two sisters, Mary and Dorothy Antrobus, milliners. At the same date, approximately, he married Dorothy and came to live with her and Mary. Thomas Gray was the fifth and only surviving child of this marriage; the rest, to the number of seven, died in infancy; and his own life was saved by the prompt courage of his mother, who opened one of his veins with her own hand.
Dorothy Gray had two brothers, Robert and William Antrobus. Robert was a fellow of Peterhouse, and had a considerable reputation at Cambridge. He was Gray’s first teacher, not only in classical knowledge, but, also, in the study of natural history, especially botany, and imbued his nephew with a life-long passion for scientific observation of the minutest kind in almost every department of vegetable and animal life. Robert Antrobus was sometime assistant master at Eton, but had probably resigned before Gray entered the school in 1727. The poet’s tutor there was William, Robert’s younger brother.
During the earlier part of his stay at Eton, Gray, probably, was housed with his uncle Robert, then residing in retirement either in the town or in the college precincts. As an oppidan, the delicate boy had not to endure the hardships of the colleger, and the horrors of Long Chamber. His chief friend there, in the first instance, was Horace, son of Sir Robert Walpole, the prime minister, of whose wife his cousin Dorothy was a humble intimate. Another of his Eton contemporaries was Richard West, son of the lord chancellor of Ireland, and grandson of bishop Burnet. At Eton, West was accounted the most brilliant of the little coterie formed by the three and Ashton, afterwards fellow of King’s and of Eton, and called the quadruple alliance. A scholar, with a thin vein of poetry, West was absent-minded, with a tendency to melancholy, to some extent resembling Gray’s own, and he died prematurely in 1742.
The year 1734 brought a dislocation of the alliance. Gray went for a time to Pembroke college, Cambridge,
pending his admission to Peterhouse in July. In March, 1735, West went to Christ Church, Oxford, whence he wrote to Gray, 14 November, 1735:
Consider me very seriously here in a strange country inhabited by things that call themselves doctors and masters of arts; a country flowing with syllogisms and ale, where Horace and Virgil are equally unknown.
But, as a matter of fact, all these young Etonians exhibit a petulance for which youth is the only excuse; and Gray himself writes, “It is very possible that two and two make four, but I would not give four farthings to demonstrate this ever so clearly.” Then follows the splenetic outburst:
Surely it was of this place, now Cambridge, but formerly known as Babylon, that the prophet spoke when he said “the wild beasts of the desert shall dwell there, and their houses shall be full of doleful creatures, and owls shall build there, and satyrs shall dance there; their forts and towers shall be a den for ever, a joy of wild asses; there shall the great owl make her nest, and lay and hatch and gather under her shadow; it shall be a court of dragons; the screech owl also shall nest there, and find for herself a place of rest.”
But he was saved from the temptation to dilettantism, which beset his friends, by the scientific bias which his uncle Robert had given him, and which would have found quick recognition and encouragement in the Cambridge of another day. Late in life, he regretted his early neglect of mathematics, and dreamt even then of pursuing it, while he lamented that it was generally laid aside at Cambridge so soon as it had served to get men a degree.
. From this brief sojourn we may probably date the beginning of his friendship with Thomas Wharton (“
INDEX OF ALL CHAPTERS
His friends at Eton and Cambridge; His vacations at Burnham
+ see more popular essays
- hide popular essays
Interview With A Nurse Aide
Analysis Of The Poem ' The Fountain '
Transactional Leadership Theory : President Nelson And His Leadership Style
Gender Equality And Women Should Receive Equal Treatment
John Stuart Mill 's Argument That Happiness Is The Only Intrinsic Good
The Marathon Is A Character Driven Journey Of Self Discovery
Racial Prejudice And Racial Discrimination
Nero : The Selfish And Cruel
A Report On The Company 's Welcome Back At Underwriting A $ 250k High Yield Transaction Through The Eyes
What Are I Die?
Biology As A Scapegoat For Gender Inequality And Sexism
My First Day Of High School
Police Brutality Has Affected American Citizens
How Different Guest Has Certain Requirements When Dining
Domestic Violence, Maternal Depression, And Home Environment
Brave New World By Aldous Huxley
Human Technology And Its Impact On Society
Crash Course : The Life Lessons My Students Taught Me
Questions On Ethical And Legal Issues
Business Processes And Underlying Database Storage
Guns, Germs, And Steel
The Effects Of Mass Media On Our Society
The Passion Of Saints Perpetua And Felicity 203
I Have Learned A Great Deal
The Use Of Gmo Foods
Who Is The Guest Speaker?
The Global Presence Of The And Krispy Kreme Doughnuts
Family Relationships, Individual Identity And The American Dream
A Leader 's Courage, Knowledge, And Wisdom
For Liberty And Justice For All
Human Sexuality And Its Effects On Children And Young People Understand
Loneliness And Symptoms Of Loneliness
Theory Comparison Case Study 45
Rhetorical Analysis Of Booker T. Washington
The Current Generation Of The United States
Costs And Benefits Of Monopoly
Women 's Impact On Young Girls And Adult Women
Generic Market And Industry Overview
Case Study : Niagara College Canada
The Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins
Fate And Free Will : Oedipus The King
The Witch Hunts Of The 17th And 17th Centuries
Analysis Of The Film ' The Bicycle Thief '
The Hip Hop Generation And Its Impact On Society
The Family Is The Backbone Of Society And Government
Analysis Of The Poem ' Snow '
Freedom Of Religion And Religion
Immigration : A Concept At Odds American Culture
The American Revolution : The Battle Of Bunker Hill
Personal Statement : Early Childhood Education
The Electric Ant By Phillip K. Dick
Resume Characteristics Determining Job Interviews For Middle Aged Women Seeking Entry Level Employment
The Interesting Narrative Of The Life Of Olaudah Equiano
Twitter And Its Effect On Our Lives
The Jewelry, By Guy De Maupassant And O ' Connor
I Have Gone At Camp
Is There A Management Without Manager?
The Caps Test Is An Instrument Administered For Career Assessment
Teenage Pregnancy And Teen Pregnancy
The Metaphysical Point Behind The Opening Question
William Shakespeare 's Romeo And Juliet
There Will Come Soft Rains
The Controversial Problem Of Racism
Hillary Clinton Should End Crime
Ethical Issues Regarding The Youth Participants At Leland Elementary
Analysis Of The Book ' The Thousand ' One Nights '
Jean Piaget 's Influence On Children
The Impact Of Social Media On Sociology
Public Personnel Administration And Collective Bargaining
Student 's Worthiness For Receive Financial Aid From A University
Marx And Engels : What Five Major Revolutionary Changes Did The Bourgeoisie Bring About Through Capitalism?
Differences Between The Spanish And Ottoman Empires
Why Athletes Are Becoming An Elite Athlete
Evaluation Of A School Psychologist With The Simi Valley Unified School District
Malawi And The International Monetary Fund ( Imf ) For Help
Political Philosophy And American Political Thought
Nathaniel Hawthorne 's The Scarlet Letter
Why I Am Becoming A Teacher
The Political Economy Of The Media
Description Of The Image Of God
International Real Estate Is Important For Your Properties And Establish Personal Connections With Potential Business Partners Abroad?
Celebration Of Nations : A Festival
What Is Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner?
Divorce Rate And Marriage Rate
Analysis Of The Article ' The Case For Reparations '
Financial Ratios Of Target Corporation
The Debate Of The Prostitution Debate
The Cask Of Amontillado, By Edgar Allan Poe And Eating Poetry
Gritty, Dark And Cunning, By Chuck Palahniuk
What Are Carbohydrates Sugars And Sugars
My First Act Of Racism Against Me For Being Mexican
Notre Dame Of Chartres And The Temple Of Khonsu
Steve Wozniak And The Macbook Pro
Health And Safety At Work Regulations
Gene Therapy And Germline Therapy
Movie Analysis : Macy Rivet
Perceptual Disorders That Can Disrupt Visual Perception
The Trade Routes And The Spread Of Islam
The Health 's Conditions Of Population And Young Generation Around The World And Actions
Euthanasia Is The Practice Of Ending A Patient 's Life With The Intention Of Relieving Them From Pain
The Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman
Should The Minimum Age Be Required A Driver License?
The Threat Of Terrorism And Overpopulation Concerns
The Greatest Mistakes Of The Medical Field
The Reality Of Workers
Women 's Rights During The Civil War
Short Story : ' The Kite Runner '
The No Child Left Behind
Boys Will Be Boys : Boys Do Not Cry
Effective Supervision Probation : How Effective Is It?
How The Accumulation Of Capital Affects Economic Growth
Woodrow Wilson : The President Of The United States
Community Health Assessment : Fresh Meadows
Jane Eyre, By Charlotte Bronte
Perennial Philosophy And Science Of The Soul
Analysis Of The Book ' Celia A Slave '
The Theological Plain Of Christianity
Psychological Aspects Of Criminal Behavior
Tobias Wolff 's Profound Literature Elements
The Effect Of Enzymes On Chemical Reactions On The Body
Effective Gene Delivery And Its Effects On Hiv
Feminism : Uncle Tom 's Cabin By Harriet Beecher Stowe
Ebola Virus Disease ( Ebv )
Analysis Of William Shakespeare 's ' Macbeth '
The Narrative Life Of Frederick Douglass
A Tale Of Two Moral Stories
Should I Eat For Lunch?
A Report On The Car Travel
The Mother Of The Novel Frankenstein By Mary Shelley
A Study On Ancient Israelites And The Rise Of Christianity
Effects Of Children On Adult Issues
Analysis Of Niccolo Machiavelli 's ' The Prince '
Drug Addiction : Neuro Behavioral Approach
The Rise Of The Enlightenment
Language And The Health Disparities
A Video Provided By The Nursing And Midwifery Council Safeguarding Policies
Should Marijuana Be Legal?
Using Google For A Common Sense Answer
Symptoms And Symptoms Of Multiple Sclerosis
Ludwig Van Beethoven, The Man Who Changed Music
Food Nation : The Dark Side Of The All American Meal
Descartes : The Father Of Modern Philosophy
The Playground Shuddered With Laughter
The Concept Of Heroes
Fice Of Juvenile Justice And Delinquency Prevention
The Theory Behind Ethical Relativism
The Effect Of Puc18 And Lux Plasmids On Ampicillin Resistance Of Escherichia Coli
The Religion Of The 20th Century
Communication Style Of Tim Cook
The Philadelphia Police Report From A Police Department
Diagnosis Of A Terminal Organic Or Cognitive Illness
Being A Relationship With Someone Can Really Put One
Technology And Science By Law Enforcement
Chapter Twelve - Original Writing
Evaluation Of Demand, Capacity Planning And Control Of Process
Alternative Medicine : Modern Medicine
The Decision Making Of Criminal Justice Actors
Implications For School Districts : Multicultural Education
The Kite Runner, By Khaled Hosseini
The Novel ' The Scarlet Letter '
Why Gays Should Not Be Adopt
The Effect Of Globalization On Communities
The Tragedy Of Racism By James Baldwin
Deontological Moral Systems : Ethics
Physical Therapy For Athletes : Athletes
The Multi Store Model Of Memory And Research Into Eyewitness Testimony
Does America Have Social Classes?
Childhood Obesity And How Can We Change It?
The Crucible By Arthur Miller
The Essence Of Christianity Had A Profound Impact On Marx 's Philosophy Of Right
The Pursuit Of The American Dream
Movie Analysis : ' The Movie '
We Must Make The Switch From Non Renewable
Cardiology Is The Leading Cause Of Death For Men And Young Adults
Locke Vs. Hobbes : The Need For The Social Contract
Rousseau 's Views On Inequality And Origin Of Languages
What Did The Media Reporting Of The Tet Offensive Influence Us Crucial Decision Making?
The Best Decision Anyone Can Make
Why Do They Hate Me
Why Women Should Not Wear