Reference > Quotations > W.C. Hazlitt, comp. > English Proverbs and Proverbial Phrases
W.C. Hazlitt, comp.  English Proverbs and Proverbial Phrases.  1907.
He that eats  to  He that loseth
He that eats and leaves, covers his table twice. MS. Ashmole, 1153.  4000
He that eats most porridge shall have most meat.  4001
He that eats the hard must eat the ripe. H.  4002
He that eats the king’s goose shall be choked with the feathers. R. 1670.  4003
He that eats till he is sick must fast till he is well.  4004
He that eats well and drinks well should do his duty well.  4005
He that eats with the devil hath need of a long spoon.
  Quoted by Chaucer in the Squieres Tale, by Marlowe in the Rich Jew of Malta, and by Shakespeare in the Tempest, act ii. sc. 2, where Stephano says of Calibran, “This is a devil and no monster; I will leave him: I have no long spoon.” It also occurs in the Comedy of Errors and in Kempe’s Nine Daies Wonder, 1600. “Who dips with the devil, he had need of a long spoon.”—Appius and Virginia, 1575, Dodsley, 1825, xii. 348. In Overbury’s Characters, appended to the Wife, edit. 1628, sign. O 3 verso, a Jesuit is said to be “a larger Spoone for a Traytour to feed with the Deuill, then any other Order.”
He that endureth is not overcome. H.  4007
He that falls into the dirt, the longer he stays there the fouler he is. H.  4008
He that falls to-day may be up again to-morrow.  4009
He that feareth every bush must never go a birding.  4010
He that fears danger in time seldom feels it.  4011
He that feasteth a flatterer and a slanderer dineth with two devils.  4012
He that feeds upon charity has a cold dinner and no supper.  4013
He that fights and runs away may live to fight another day.
  Compare, He fights well, &c.
He that flings dirt at another dirtieth himself most.  4015
He that follows nature is never out of his way.  4016
He that follows truth too near the heels shall have dirt thrown in his face. WALKER.  4017
He that forsakes measure, measure forsakes him.  4018
He that for the new way leaveth the old way,
is oftentimes found to go astray. B. Of M. R.
He that gapeth until he be fed,
well may he gape until he be dead. CL.
            Nay, he that gapeth till he be fed,
Maie fortune to fast and famishe for honger.
Heywood, 1562.    
  C’est folie de beer contre mi four. Fr.—R.
He that gets an estate will probably never spend it.  4021
He that gets forgets, but he that wants thinks on.  4022
He that gets money before he gets wit,
will be but a short while master of it.
He that gets out of debt grows rich. H.  4024
He that gives himself leave to play with his neighbour’s fame may soon play it away.  4025
He that gives his goods before he be dead,
take up a mallet and knock him on the head.
  This is illustrated by a story in Mery Tales and Quicke Answeres (circa 1540), No. 103.
  A tablet attached to the outer wall in the centre of the almshouses built at Leominster for four widows by Mrs. Hester Clark in 1735 is a figure of a man wearing a cocked hat, and originally holding in his right hand a hatchet. The hatchet is now suspended from the wall, the hand having fallen away. Beneath is a distich slightly varying from the one given in the text:—
        “He that gives away all before he is dead
Let ’em take this hatchet and knock him on ye head.”
Possibly we have here a memorial of some forgotten local episode.
He that gives his heart will not deny his money.  4027
He that gives thee a capon, give him the leg and the wing. H.  4028
He that gives time to resolve, gives time to deny, and warning to prevent.  4029
He that gives to a grateful man puts out to usury.  4030
He that gives to be seen will relieve none in the dark.  4031
He that giveth customarily to the vulgar buyeth trouble.  4032
He that giveth me a little doeth by me well, quoth Hendyng.
  Reliq. Antiq., i. 112.
He that giveth to a good man selleth well.  4034
He that goes a borrowing / goes a sorrowing.  4035
He that goes a great way for a wife is either cheated or means to cheat.  4036
He that goes and comes maketh a good voyage. B. OF M. R.  4037
He that goes barefoot must not plant thorns. H.
  This is the same as the Italian: Che semina spine non vada discalzo.
He that goes softly goes safely. WALKER.  4039
He that goes the contrary way must go over it twice.  4040
He that goes to bed thirsty rises healthy.
  I look upon this as a very good observation, and should advise all persons not to go to bed with their stomachs full of wine, beer, or any other liquor. For (as the ingenious Doctor Lower observes) nothing can be more injurious to the brain; of which he gives a most rational and true account, which take in his words. “Cum enim propter proclivem corporis situm urina à renibus secreta non ità facilè & promptè uti cùm erecti sumus in vesicam per ureteres delabatur. Cùmque vesicæ cervix ex proclivi situ urinæ pondere non adeò gravetur; atque spiritibus per somnum in cerebrum aggregatis & quiescentibus, vesica oneris ejus sensum non ità percipiat, sed officii quasi oblita ca copià urinæ aliquando distenditur, ut majori recipiendæ spatium vix detur inde fit ut propter impeditum per renes & ureteres urinæ decursum in totum corpus regurgitet, & nisi diarrhœa proximo mane succedat, aut nocturno sudore evacuetur, in cerebrum deponi debet.” Tract. de Corde, co. ii. p. 141. Qui couche avec la soif se leve avec la santè.—R. But it is merely a weak form of our Early to bed, &c.
He that goes to church with an ill intention goes to God’s house on the devil’s errand.  4042
He that goes to marry likes to know whether he shall have a chimney to his house. Cornw.
  He does not know whether his future wife will be in a position to bear him children. In early French facetious literature a chimney stands for a woman’s private part.
He that goeth out with often loss,
at last comes home by weeping cross. R.
  This is quoted in Gosson’s Schoole of Abuse, 1579. It also occurs in Randolph’s Hey for Honesty, 1651, Argument. “He [the impious man] has this Paradoxical custome to repair to, a Hot-house in the midst of summer (as if he would practise Hell here on Earth), and that not to heat him, but quench his Flames; but alas it often proves too hot for him, and he is Scorcht, and by a Hellish fire, too, and comes home by Weeping Crosse.”—Juvenilia Sacra, by P. B., 1664, p. 46.
  I>Weeping Cross here meant in a figurative sense. See my Faiths and Folklore, 1905, p. 627. But a place so called is in Staffordshire the seat of the Salt family: and the term doubtless originated in the wayside crosses erected in so many places for devotional purposes.
He that grasps at too much holds nothing fast.  4045
He that gropes in the dark finds what he would not.  4046
He that handles a nettle tenderly is soonest stung.
  If you grasp one firmly, it is less likely to sting you.
He that handles pitch shall foul his fingers.  4048
He that handles thorns shall prick his fingers.
  See He that goes, &c.
He that has a great nose thinks everybody is speaking of it.  4050
He that has a store of bread may beg his milk merrily.  4051
He that has an hundred and one, and owes an hundred and two, the Lord have mercy upon him.  4052
He that has but four and spends five, has no need of a purse.  4053
He that has but one eye must take heed how he lose it. CL.  4054
He that has but one eye sees the better for it.
  Better than he would do without it: a ridiculous saying.—R.
He that has but one hog makes him fat, and he that has but one son makes him a fool.  4056
He that has led a wicked life is afraid of his own memory.  4057
He that has lost his credit is dead to the world.  4058
He that has most time has none to lose.  4059
He that has neither horse nor cart cannot always load. W.  4060
He that has no children knows not what is love.  4061
He that has no fools, knaves, or beggars in his family was begot by a flash of lightning.  4062
He that has no head needs no hat.
  Qui n’a point de tête n’a que faire de chaperon. Fr.—R.
He that has no modesty has all the town for his own.  4064
He that has no silver in his purse should have silver on his tongue.  4065
He that has nothing is frighted at nothing.  4066
He that has nothing to spare must not keep a dog.  4067
He that has patience has fat thrushes for a farthing. H.
  Alaventure tout vient apoint qui peut Atendre.—Motto on an early French printer’s device.
He that has the worst cause makes the most noise.  4069
He that hath a fellow-ruler hath an over-ruler.  4070
He that hath a fox for his mate hath need of a net at his girdle. H.  4071
He that hath a good harvest may be content with some thistles. CL.  4072
He that hath a good master,
  and cannot keep him;
he that hath a good servant,
  and not content with him;
he that hath such conditions,
  that no man loveth him,
may well know others,
  but few men will know him.
  Rhodes, Boke of Nurture, 1577, ed. Furnivall, 108.
He that hath a good neighbour hath a good morrow;
he that hath a shrewd wife hath much sorrow;
he that fast spendeth must need borrow,
but when he must pay again, then is all the sorrow.
  MS. of the 15th century in Rel. Antiq., i. 316.
He that hath a good spear, let him try it. B. OF M. R.  4075
He that hath a head of wax must not walk in the sun. H.  4076
He that hath a mouth of his own must not say to another, Blow. H.  4077
He that hath a trade hath an estate.
  Poor Richard Improved, 1758, by B. Franklin.
He that hath a white horse and a fair wife never wants trouble.  4079
He that hath a wife and children must not sit with his fingers in his mouth.  4080
He that hath a wife and children wants not business. H.  4081
He that hath an ill name is half hanged. HE.
  The Spaniards say, Quien la fama ha perdida, muerto anda en vida.—R. The Italians have the expression, Huomo assaltato e mezzo preso.
He that hath been bitten by a serpent is afraid of a rope.  4083
He that hath but little, he shall have less:
he that hath right nought, right nought shall possess. HE.
  This is merely, of course, a paraphrase of the familiar Scriptural passage.
He that hath children, all his morsels are not his own. H.  4085
He that hath done so much hurt he can do no more, may sit down and rest him. CL.  4086
He that hath eaten a bear-pie will always smell of the garden.  4087
He that hath good corn may be content with some thistles.  4088
He that hath horns in his bosom, let him not put them on his head. H.  4089
He that hath it, and will not keep it;
He that wants it, and will not seek it;
He that drinks, and is not dry,
shall want money as well as I.
He that hath little is the less dirty. H.  4091
He that hath love in his breast hath spurs at his heels.  4092
He that hath many irons in the fire some of them will cool.  4093
He that hath money in his purse cannot want a head for his shoulders.  4094
He that hath more smocks than shirts at a bucking had need be a man of good forelooking. CHAUCER.
  More smocks than shirts, i.e., more daughters than sons. Bucking = washing.
He that hath no children doth bring them up well. B. OF M. R.  4096
He that hath no head needs no hat.  4097
He that hath no heart hath legs. B. OF M. R.  4098
He that hath no honey in his pot, let him have it in his mouth. H.  4099
He that hath no ill fortune is troubled with good. H.  4100
He that hath no money needeth no purse.  4101
He that hath no wife beateth her oft. B. OF M. R.  4102
He that hath not a house must lie in the yard.
  Lyly’s Endimion, 1591 (Works, 1858, i. 53).
He that hath not the craft, let him shut up shop. H.  4104
He that hath nothing is not contented.  4105
He that hath not served knoweth not how to command. B. OF M. R.  4106
He that hath once got the fame of an early riser may sleep till noon.
  Howell’s Letters, ed. 1754, 332; letter dated 3 Aug. 1634. There are other versions.
He that hath one foot in the straw hath another in the spital [hospital]. H.  4108
He that hath one of his family hanged may not say to his neighbour, Hang up this fish. C.  4109
He that hath plenty of good shall have more. C.
  The Scriptural maxim.
He that hath shipped the devil must make the best of him.  4111
He that hath some land must have some labour.
  No sweet without some sweat; without pains, no gains.—R.
He that hath the spice may season as he list. H.  4113
He that hath the world at will seems wise. B. OF M. R.  4114
He that hath time, and looketh for more, loseth time.  4115
He that hath time hath life. B. OF M. R.
  Nash’s Have with you to Saffron Walden, 1596, repr. 1869, p. 51. We sometimes find the sentence reversed: He that hath life, &c. Chi ha tempo ha vita. Ital.
He that hears much, and speaketh not all,
shall be welcome both in bower and hall.
  Parla poco, ascoltai assai e non fallirai. Ital.—R.
He that helpeth the evil hurteth the good.  4118
He that hides can find.  4119
He that hires one garden eats birds: he that hires more than one will be eaten by the birds.  4120
He that hires the horse must ride before.  4121
He that hoardeth up money taketh pains for other men.  4122
He that hopes no good fears no ill.  4123
He that hunts two hares oft loseth both. B. OF M. R.  4124
He that hurts another hurts himself. B. OF M. R.  4125
He that hurts robin or wren,
will never prosper, boy nor man. Cornw.
He that in his purse lacks money,
has in his mouth much need of honey.
He that in youth no virtue useth,
in age all honour him refuseth.
  Reliquiæ Antiquæ, vol i. p. 92 (from a MS. of the 15th cent.)
He that is a blab / is a scab.
  A Spanish shrug will sometimes shift off a lie as well as a louse.—R.
He that is a wise man by day is no fool by night.  4130
He that is afraid of every grass, must not piss in a meadow. C.  4131
He that is afraid of the leaves must not come into the wood. CL.  4132
He that is angry is seldom at ease.  4133
He that is angry without a cause must be pleased without amends.  4134
He that is at low ebb at Newgate may soon be afloat at Tyburn.  4135
He that is born to be hanged shall never be drowned. C.  4136
He that is busy is tempted but by one devil: he that is idle, by a legion.  4137
He that is content with his poverty is wonderfully rich. W.  4138
He that is fallen cannot help him that is down. H.  4139
He that is fit for the chapel is meet for the field.
  Precise Discipline, therefore, is the ordinarie course of honorable warfare: whereby the Prouerbe (no lesse wise then it is olde) is also profitable, as it is most true.—The Defence of Militarie Profession, by Geffrey Gates, 1579, sign. E 3.
He that is fit to drink wine must have sugar on his beard, his eyes in his pockets, and his feet in his hands.
  Gratiæ Ludentes. Iests from the Vniversitie. By H. L. 1638, p. 172, where it is cited as a proverb.
He that is full abhorreth the honeycomb.
  Scot’s Perfite Platforme of a Hoppe Garden, ed. 1576, sign. A 4.
He that is giddy thinks the world turns round.  4143
He that is heady is ruled by a fool.  4144
He that is in poverty is still in suspicion. B. OF M. R.  4145
He that is innocent may well be confident.  4146
He that is known to have no money has neither friends nor credit.  4147
He that is mann’d with boys and horsed with colts, shall have his meat eaten and his work undone. CL.  4148
He that is master of himself will soon be master of others.  4149
He that is needy when he is married shall be rich when he is buried.  4150
He that is not handsome at twenty, nor strong at thirty, nor rich at forty, nor wise at fifty, will never be handsome, strong, rich, or wise. H.  4151
He that is not sensible of his loss has lost nothing.  4152
He that is proud of his fine clothes gets his reputation from his tailor.  4153
He that is silent gathers stones.
  Quien callar piedras spañá. Span. If a man says little, he thinks the more.—R.
He that is suffered to do more than is fitting will do more than is lawful.  4155
He that is surety for another is never sure himself.  4156
He that is thrown would ever wrestle.  4157
He that is too proud to ask is too good to receive.  4158
He that is too secure is not safe.  4159
He that is uneasy at every little pain is never without some ache.  4160
He that is warm thinks all so. H.  4161
He that is well sheltered is a fool if he stirs out into the rain.  4162
He that is won with a nut may be lost with an apple. HE.  4163
He that keeps another man’s dog shall have nothing left him but the line. CL.
  This is the Greek proverb. [Greek]. The meaning is, that he who bestows a benefit upon an ungrateful person loses his cost. For if a dog break loose, he presently gets him home to his former master, leaving the cord he was tied with.—R.
He that killeth a man when he is drunk shall be hanged when he is sober. HE.  4165
He that kills himself with working must be buried under the gallows.  4166
He that kisseth his wife in the market-place shall have enough to teach him.  4167
He that knoweth when he hath enough is no fool. HE.  4168
He that knows little soon repeats it.  4169
He that knows not how to hold his tongue, knows not how to talk.  4170
He that knows nothing doubts nothing. H.  4171
He that labours and thrives spins gold. H.
  Quien ara y cria, oro hila. Span.
He that laughs alone will be sport in company.  4173
He that [or who] leaveth surety, and leaneth unto chance,
when fools pipe, he may dance. HE.
He that leaves the highway for a short cut commonly goes about.  4175
He that lets his fish escape, may cast his net often, yet never catch it again.  4176
He that lets his horse drink at every lake,
and his wife go to every wake,
shall never be without a whore and a jade. R.
He that lies too long abed, his estate feels it. H.  4178
He that lies with the dogs riseth with fleas. H.
  Chi con can dorme con pulce si leva. Ital. Qui se couche avec les chiens se leve avec des puces. Fr. Quien con perros se echa, con pulgas se levanta. Span.—R.
He that lieth upon the ground can fall no lower.  4180
He that lippens to boden ploughs, his hand will lie ley.  4181
He that listens for what people say of him shall never have peace.  4182
He that lives always at home, sees nothing but home.
  Breton’s Court and Country, 1618 (Roxb. Lib., repr. 184).
He that lives ill, fear follows him. H.  4184
He that lives longest, must fetch his wood farthest. CL.  4185
He that lives most, dies most. H.  4186
He that lives not well one year, sorrows for it seven.  4187
He that lives on hope has but a slender diet.  4188
He that lives on hope, will die fasting.
  Poor Richard Improved, 1758, by B. Franklin.
He that lives well is learned enough. H.  4190
He that lives well, sees afar off. H.  4191
He that lives with the Muses shall die in the straw.  4192
He that liveth in hope danceth without a fiddle.  4193
He that looks for a requital, serves himself, not me.  4194
He that looks not before, will find himself behind. H.  4195
He that loseth his due gets not thanks. H.  4196
He that loseth his wife and sixpence, hath lost a tester. R. 1670.  4197
He that loseth is merchant as well as he that gains. H.
        He is a marchaunt without money or ware;
Byd that marchaunt be couerd, he is bare.
Heywood, 1562.    


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